The limitations of some European healthcare databases for monitoring the effectiveness of Pregnancy Prevention Programmes as risk minimisation measures.Concise title – Healthcare data to evaluate pregnancy prevention programmes

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Abstract

Purpose Pregnancy prevention programmes (PPPs) exist for some medicines known to be highly teratogenic. It is increasingly recognised that the impact of these risk minimisation measures require periodic evaluation. This study aimed to assess the extent to which some of the data needed to monitor the effectiveness of PPPs may be present in European healthcare databases.MethodsAn inventory was completed for databases contributing to EUROmediCAT capturing pregnancy and prescription data in Denmark, Norway, the Netherlands, Italy (Tuscany/Emilia Romagna), Wales and the rest of the UK, to determine the extent of data collected that could be used to evaluate the impact of PPPs.ResultsData availability varied between databases. All databases could be used to identify the frequency and duration of prescriptions to women of childbearing age from primary care, but there were specific issues with availability of data from secondary care and private care. To estimate the frequency of exposed pregnancies, all databases could be linked to pregnancy data, but the accuracy of timing of the start of pregnancy was variable, and data on pregnancies ending in induced abortions often not available. Data availability on contraception to estimate compliance with contraception requirements was variable and no data were available on pregnancy tests. ConclusionCurrent electronic healthcare databases do not contain all the data necessary to fully monitor the effectiveness of PPP implementation, and thus special data collection measures need to be instituted.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Volume55
Early online date11 Dec 2017
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 11 Dec 2017

Keywords

  • pregnancy
  • teratogen
  • pregnancy prevention programme
  • electronic health records
  • isotretinoin

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