The 'Lens Model': A practical tool for developing and understanding gender conscious practice.

Ken Harland, Susan Morgan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This paper attempts to add to the ongoing debate about the role of gender within youth work by presenting a ‘Lens Model’ which links the processing of information to the complex relationship between gender and young people’s everyday lives. It aims to assist practitioners and trainers to develop a more gender conscious approach to practice through a five-stage interconnected conceptual framework. The model is underpinned by clear value based principles that are complementary to core youth work principles such as valuing young people, empowerment, participation, inclusion, promoting equality and the challenging of oppression and restrictive stereotypes.
LanguageEnglish
Pages67-81
JournalYouth & Policy
Volume101
Issue numberSpring
Publication statusPublished - 13 Nov 2009

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youth work
gender
oppression
everyday life
stereotype
empowerment
equality
inclusion
participation
Values

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title = "The 'Lens Model': A practical tool for developing and understanding gender conscious practice.",
abstract = "This paper attempts to add to the ongoing debate about the role of gender within youth work by presenting a ‘Lens Model’ which links the processing of information to the complex relationship between gender and young people’s everyday lives. It aims to assist practitioners and trainers to develop a more gender conscious approach to practice through a five-stage interconnected conceptual framework. The model is underpinned by clear value based principles that are complementary to core youth work principles such as valuing young people, empowerment, participation, inclusion, promoting equality and the challenging of oppression and restrictive stereotypes.",
author = "Ken Harland and Susan Morgan",
note = "Reference text: Batsleer, J. (2006) ‘Every Girl Matters! Young Women Matter! A Feminist Comment,’ Youth and Policy, 90. Brod. H. and Kaufman, M. (1994) Theorising Masculinities. London: Sage. Budgeon, S. (2001) ‘Emergent Feminist Identities Young Women and the Practice of Micro Politics,’ European Journal of Women’s Studies, 8,1,7-28. Carpenter, V. Young, K. (1986) Coming in from the Margins, Youth Work with Girls and Young Women, Leicester: NAYC. Connell, R.W. (1995) Masculinities. Blackwell Publisher: Oxford. Connell, R.W. and Messerschmidt, (2005) ‘Hegemonic Masculinity: Rethinking the Concept,’ Gender and Society. Vol, 19. 6, p 829-859. Cousins, N. (1988) Setting the Example. Youth and Society (February) Davidson, N. (1988) A Crisis in Masculinity. Youth and Society (January) Fauldi, S (1992) Backlash: The Undeclared War against Women, London: Chatto and Windus. Geraghty, T., Breakey, C., and Keane, T. (1998) A Sense of Belonging: Young People in rural areas of Northern Ireland speak about their needs, hopes and aspirations, Youth Action Northern Ireland: Youth Action Publishers. Giddens, A. (2005) Sociology. (4th. Ed) Cambridge: Polity Press. Gray, A. M. (1999) Lifting the Limits: A Community Leadership Programme by Young Mothers, Youth Action Northern Ireland: Youth Action Publishers. Greer, G. (2000) The Whole Woman, London: Anchor. Harland, K. (1997) Young Men Talking – Voices from Belfast London: YouthAction Northern Ireland and Working with Men Publications. Harland, K. (2000) Men and Masculinity: The construction of masculine identities in inner city Belfast, PhD. submitted to the University of Ulster. Harland, K. (2001) ‘The Challenges and potential of developing a more effective youth work curriculum with young men,’ Journal of Child Care Practice Vol 7 No. 4. Harland, K., and Morgan, S. (2001) ‘Keeping gender on the agenda,’ Action Magazine, Young Citizens in Action. Voluntary Service Belfast Publication. Harland, K., and Morgan, S. (2003) ‘Youth work with young men in Northern Ireland: An Advocacy Approach,’ Youth and Policy, 81. Hearn, G. (1987) The Gender of Oppression: Men, Masculinity and the critique of Marxism, London: Pluto. Henderson, S, Holland, J, McGrellis, S, Sharpe, S, And Thompson, R. (2007) Inventing adulthoods – a biographical approach to youth transitions, London: Sage Publications. Imray, L. and Middleton, A. (2002) ‘Public and Private: Marking the Boundaries,’ in eds. S. Jackson, and S. Scott, Gender: A Sociological Reader. London: Routledge Jackson, S. and Scott, S. (2002) Gender: A Sociological Reader. London: Routledge Jones, (2002) The Youth Divide – Diverging paths to Adulthood, York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation. Kimmel, M.S. (2000) The Gendered Society. New York, Oxford University Press Leonard, M. (1999) Gender and the Transition from School to work in Belfast Womens Studies International Forum, 22,6,619-630. Lloyd, T. (1996) Young Men’s Health – A Youth Work Concern? Published jointly by YouthAction Northern Ireland and Health Promotion Agency for Northern Ireland. Lloyd, T. (1997) Let’s get changed lads: Developing work with boys and young men. London: Working with Men Publications. Marsh, I. and Keating, M. (2006) Sociology: making sense of society, Essex: Pearson Education Limited. Mental Health Foundation Website; www.mentalhealth.org.uk/information/mental-health-a-z/self-harm. Monro, S. (2005) Gender Politics: Citizenship, Activitism and Sexual Diversity, London Pluto Press. Nava, M. (1984) ‘Youth Service Provision, Social Order and the Question of Girls,’ in eds. A. McRobbie and M. Nava, Gender and Generation, London: Macmillan. Parmar, P. (1998) ‘Gender, Race and Power: The Challenge to Youth Work Practice,’ in eds P. Cohan and H.S. Bains, Multi-Racist Britain, London: Macmillan. Padovic, I. and Reskin, B. (2002) Women and Men at work, Thousand Oaks: Pine Forge Press. Ridgeway, C.L. and Correll, S.J. (2004) ‘Unpacking the Gender System: A theoretical perspective on gender beliefs and social relations,’ Gender and Society. 18, No4, 510-531. Spence, J. (1990) ‘Youth Work and Gender,’ in eds T. Jeffs, and M. Smith, Young People Inequality and Youth Work. London: Macmillan Education Ltd. Spence, J. (2001) ‘Feminism in Work With Girls and Young Women,’ Youth and Policy, 52 Tett, L. (1996/7) ‘Changing masculinities? Single-sex work with boys and young men,’ Youth and Policy, 55. Thompson, R., Bell, R., Holland, J. and Henderson, C. (2002) ‘Critical Moments Choice, Chance and Opportunities in Young Peoples Narratives of Transition’ Sociology, 36, 2, 335-354. Trimble, J (1990) ‘A Report on Equality of Opportunity – Provision for girls and young women in the full time sector of the Northern Ireland Youth Service’ YouthAction Northern Ireland. Trust for the Study of Adolescence, (2000) Young People and Gender: A review of Research, London: Cabinet Office. Walter, N, (1998) The New Feminism. London: Little, Brown. West, C. and Zimmerman, D. (2002) ‘Doing Gender,’ in eds. S. Jackson and S. Scott, Gender: A Sociological Reader, London: Routledge. Whelehan, I. (2000) Overloaded: Popular Culture and the Future of Feminism. London: Women’s Press. YouthAction Northern Ireland (2002) Everyday Life: young men, violence and developing youth work practice in Northern Ireland. YouthAction Publications. YouthAction Northern Ireland (2003) Everyday Life: young men, violence and developing youth work practice in Northern Ireland. YouthAction Northern Ireland (2006) Gender Conscious Work with Young People. An occasional youth work practice Paper 2. YouthAction Northern Ireland in partnership with the University of Ulster and the Curriculum Development Unit. Youth Action Seminars (2005) Gender Conscious Practice: A One day Workshop. Youth Action Northern Ireland. Youth Council for Northern Ireland (1994) Into the Mainstream. Equality of Opportunity: gender. Youth Curriculum Guidelines. Youth Work Strategy (2005) Youth Service Liaison Forum. Strategy for the Delivery of Youth Work 2005-2008. Department of Education",
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The 'Lens Model': A practical tool for developing and understanding gender conscious practice. / Harland, Ken; Morgan, Susan.

In: Youth & Policy, Vol. 101, No. Spring, 13.11.2009, p. 67-81.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The 'Lens Model': A practical tool for developing and understanding gender conscious practice.

AU - Harland, Ken

AU - Morgan, Susan

N1 - Reference text: Batsleer, J. (2006) ‘Every Girl Matters! Young Women Matter! A Feminist Comment,’ Youth and Policy, 90. Brod. H. and Kaufman, M. (1994) Theorising Masculinities. London: Sage. Budgeon, S. (2001) ‘Emergent Feminist Identities Young Women and the Practice of Micro Politics,’ European Journal of Women’s Studies, 8,1,7-28. Carpenter, V. Young, K. (1986) Coming in from the Margins, Youth Work with Girls and Young Women, Leicester: NAYC. Connell, R.W. (1995) Masculinities. Blackwell Publisher: Oxford. Connell, R.W. and Messerschmidt, (2005) ‘Hegemonic Masculinity: Rethinking the Concept,’ Gender and Society. Vol, 19. 6, p 829-859. Cousins, N. (1988) Setting the Example. Youth and Society (February) Davidson, N. (1988) A Crisis in Masculinity. Youth and Society (January) Fauldi, S (1992) Backlash: The Undeclared War against Women, London: Chatto and Windus. Geraghty, T., Breakey, C., and Keane, T. (1998) A Sense of Belonging: Young People in rural areas of Northern Ireland speak about their needs, hopes and aspirations, Youth Action Northern Ireland: Youth Action Publishers. Giddens, A. (2005) Sociology. (4th. Ed) Cambridge: Polity Press. Gray, A. M. (1999) Lifting the Limits: A Community Leadership Programme by Young Mothers, Youth Action Northern Ireland: Youth Action Publishers. Greer, G. (2000) The Whole Woman, London: Anchor. Harland, K. (1997) Young Men Talking – Voices from Belfast London: YouthAction Northern Ireland and Working with Men Publications. Harland, K. (2000) Men and Masculinity: The construction of masculine identities in inner city Belfast, PhD. submitted to the University of Ulster. Harland, K. (2001) ‘The Challenges and potential of developing a more effective youth work curriculum with young men,’ Journal of Child Care Practice Vol 7 No. 4. Harland, K., and Morgan, S. (2001) ‘Keeping gender on the agenda,’ Action Magazine, Young Citizens in Action. Voluntary Service Belfast Publication. Harland, K., and Morgan, S. (2003) ‘Youth work with young men in Northern Ireland: An Advocacy Approach,’ Youth and Policy, 81. Hearn, G. (1987) The Gender of Oppression: Men, Masculinity and the critique of Marxism, London: Pluto. Henderson, S, Holland, J, McGrellis, S, Sharpe, S, And Thompson, R. (2007) Inventing adulthoods – a biographical approach to youth transitions, London: Sage Publications. Imray, L. and Middleton, A. (2002) ‘Public and Private: Marking the Boundaries,’ in eds. S. Jackson, and S. Scott, Gender: A Sociological Reader. London: Routledge Jackson, S. and Scott, S. (2002) Gender: A Sociological Reader. London: Routledge Jones, (2002) The Youth Divide – Diverging paths to Adulthood, York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation. Kimmel, M.S. (2000) The Gendered Society. New York, Oxford University Press Leonard, M. (1999) Gender and the Transition from School to work in Belfast Womens Studies International Forum, 22,6,619-630. Lloyd, T. (1996) Young Men’s Health – A Youth Work Concern? Published jointly by YouthAction Northern Ireland and Health Promotion Agency for Northern Ireland. Lloyd, T. (1997) Let’s get changed lads: Developing work with boys and young men. London: Working with Men Publications. Marsh, I. and Keating, M. (2006) Sociology: making sense of society, Essex: Pearson Education Limited. Mental Health Foundation Website; www.mentalhealth.org.uk/information/mental-health-a-z/self-harm. Monro, S. (2005) Gender Politics: Citizenship, Activitism and Sexual Diversity, London Pluto Press. Nava, M. (1984) ‘Youth Service Provision, Social Order and the Question of Girls,’ in eds. A. McRobbie and M. Nava, Gender and Generation, London: Macmillan. Parmar, P. (1998) ‘Gender, Race and Power: The Challenge to Youth Work Practice,’ in eds P. Cohan and H.S. Bains, Multi-Racist Britain, London: Macmillan. Padovic, I. and Reskin, B. (2002) Women and Men at work, Thousand Oaks: Pine Forge Press. Ridgeway, C.L. and Correll, S.J. (2004) ‘Unpacking the Gender System: A theoretical perspective on gender beliefs and social relations,’ Gender and Society. 18, No4, 510-531. Spence, J. (1990) ‘Youth Work and Gender,’ in eds T. Jeffs, and M. Smith, Young People Inequality and Youth Work. London: Macmillan Education Ltd. Spence, J. (2001) ‘Feminism in Work With Girls and Young Women,’ Youth and Policy, 52 Tett, L. (1996/7) ‘Changing masculinities? Single-sex work with boys and young men,’ Youth and Policy, 55. Thompson, R., Bell, R., Holland, J. and Henderson, C. (2002) ‘Critical Moments Choice, Chance and Opportunities in Young Peoples Narratives of Transition’ Sociology, 36, 2, 335-354. Trimble, J (1990) ‘A Report on Equality of Opportunity – Provision for girls and young women in the full time sector of the Northern Ireland Youth Service’ YouthAction Northern Ireland. Trust for the Study of Adolescence, (2000) Young People and Gender: A review of Research, London: Cabinet Office. Walter, N, (1998) The New Feminism. London: Little, Brown. West, C. and Zimmerman, D. (2002) ‘Doing Gender,’ in eds. S. Jackson and S. Scott, Gender: A Sociological Reader, London: Routledge. Whelehan, I. (2000) Overloaded: Popular Culture and the Future of Feminism. London: Women’s Press. YouthAction Northern Ireland (2002) Everyday Life: young men, violence and developing youth work practice in Northern Ireland. YouthAction Publications. YouthAction Northern Ireland (2003) Everyday Life: young men, violence and developing youth work practice in Northern Ireland. YouthAction Northern Ireland (2006) Gender Conscious Work with Young People. An occasional youth work practice Paper 2. YouthAction Northern Ireland in partnership with the University of Ulster and the Curriculum Development Unit. Youth Action Seminars (2005) Gender Conscious Practice: A One day Workshop. Youth Action Northern Ireland. Youth Council for Northern Ireland (1994) Into the Mainstream. Equality of Opportunity: gender. Youth Curriculum Guidelines. Youth Work Strategy (2005) Youth Service Liaison Forum. Strategy for the Delivery of Youth Work 2005-2008. Department of Education

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AB - This paper attempts to add to the ongoing debate about the role of gender within youth work by presenting a ‘Lens Model’ which links the processing of information to the complex relationship between gender and young people’s everyday lives. It aims to assist practitioners and trainers to develop a more gender conscious approach to practice through a five-stage interconnected conceptual framework. The model is underpinned by clear value based principles that are complementary to core youth work principles such as valuing young people, empowerment, participation, inclusion, promoting equality and the challenging of oppression and restrictive stereotypes.

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