Difficulty sleeping is one of the most prevalent symptoms in Post-traumatic stress disorder, occurring in over 90% of cases. High prevalence of sleep disturbance is also noted in populations suffering from chronic pain (71-78%). Increased alcohol use and negative consequences in individuals with depression, PTSD and chronic pain has been postulated to result from insomnia symptoms made worse by alcohol use. Given the hypothesis that self-medication and withdrawal symptoms perpetuate alcohol use disorder in PTSD, it is of interest to examine the relationship between difficulty sleeping, alcohol use, chronic pain and PTSD.
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|Published (in print/issue) - 12 Apr 2019