‘The influence that politicians, community leaders and the media have on confidence in the police in Northern Ireland’

John Topping, Jonny Byrne, Richard Martin

Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned report

Abstract

In January 2014, the Northern Ireland Policing Board (NIPB) commissioned the University of Ulster to conduct research into public confidence in policing to help inform the work of the Board and its oversight of police service delivery. More specifically, the research team were tasked with exploring ‘the influence that politicians, community leaders and the media have on public confidence in policing in Northern Ireland’. To date, the subject of ‘confidence in policing’ within a Northern Ireland context has been relatively under researched, both in academic and policy terms. Thus, the present research is the first empirical research to be produced in Northern Ireland which considers the issue of confidence in policing from the perspective of community leaders, politicians and the media – including the key influences and dynamics which underpin police confidence at a community level.The report begins with a comprehensive review of academic literature, policy documents and contemporary events related to confidence in policing. The research then provides an overview of the methodology used to undertake the research, with the remainder of the report comprised of the findings from the discussions with representatives from the media, political parties and the community and voluntary sector who participated. The report concludes with an overview of the central findings along with a series of recommendations.
LanguageEnglish
Number of pages39
Publication statusPublished - 31 May 2014

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politician
police
confidence
leader
community
empirical research
event
methodology

Keywords

  • PSNI
  • confidence
  • policing
  • politics
  • media
  • community representatives
  • northern ireland

Cite this

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title = "‘The influence that politicians, community leaders and the media have on confidence in the police in Northern Ireland’",
abstract = "In January 2014, the Northern Ireland Policing Board (NIPB) commissioned the University of Ulster to conduct research into public confidence in policing to help inform the work of the Board and its oversight of police service delivery. More specifically, the research team were tasked with exploring ‘the influence that politicians, community leaders and the media have on public confidence in policing in Northern Ireland’. To date, the subject of ‘confidence in policing’ within a Northern Ireland context has been relatively under researched, both in academic and policy terms. Thus, the present research is the first empirical research to be produced in Northern Ireland which considers the issue of confidence in policing from the perspective of community leaders, politicians and the media – including the key influences and dynamics which underpin police confidence at a community level.The report begins with a comprehensive review of academic literature, policy documents and contemporary events related to confidence in policing. The research then provides an overview of the methodology used to undertake the research, with the remainder of the report comprised of the findings from the discussions with representatives from the media, political parties and the community and voluntary sector who participated. The report concludes with an overview of the central findings along with a series of recommendations.",
keywords = "PSNI, confidence, policing, politics, media, community representatives, northern ireland",
author = "John Topping and Jonny Byrne and Richard Martin",
note = "Reference text: AlaninBelfast (2013) Interview with Chief Constable Matt Baggott Online: Slugger O’Toole. Available at http://sluggerotoole.com/2013/04/22/interview-with-matt-baggott- his-view-on-psni-transformation-confidence-in-policing-over-regulation-vocation- faith/] Allen, J. et al. (2006) Policing and the criminal justice system- public confidence and perceptions: findings from the 2004/05 British Crime Survey Home Office Online Report 07/06 BBC News (2013a) ‘Gun attack on PSNI officers 'lured' to bogus burglary’ 16th May Available at http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-northern-ireland-22559541 BBC News (2013b) ‘Union flag dispute: Baggott defends PSNI impartiality’ 5th March Available at http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-northern-ireland-21669369 BBC News (2013c) ‘Belfast flags trouble: PSNI chief says senior UVF members are involved’ 7th January Available at http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-northern-ireland-20929658 BBC News (2013d) ‘Cardiff talks should make Northern Ireland summer ‘safer’ 20th May Available at http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-northern-ireland-22593012 BBC News (2013e) ‘Cardiff talks not about brokering a parades deal: PSNI 17th May Available at http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-northern-ireland-22563833 BBC News (2014a) ‘Peter Robinson stands by comments on policing’ 7th March Available online http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-northern-ireland-21707715 BBC News (2014b) ‘Derry video: Investigation into claim police left woman in bus lay-by’ Available at http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-northern-ireland-foyle-west- 26642097 BBC Spotlight (2013) Policing the Peace Television: BBC one, 5th June Available at http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b02280wc Belfast Telegraph (2014) ‘Willie Frazer freed again after being held over bail breach’ 18th June Available at http://www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk/news/local-national/northern- ireland/willie-frazer-freed-again-after-being-held-over-bail-breach-29354383.html Bradford B and Jackson J (2009) ‘Public Trust in Criminal Justice: A Review of the Research Literature in the United States’, in Jokinen A. et al (eds.), Review 35 of Need: Indicators of Public Confidence in Criminal Justice for Policy Assessment Bradford B et al (2008) ‘Trust and Confidence in Criminal Justice: A Review of the British Research Literature’, in Jokinen A (eds.), Review of Need: Indicators of Public Confidence in Criminal Justice for Policy Assessment Bradford B et al (2014) ‘Police Legitimacy in Action: Lessons for Theory and Practice’, in Reisig M and Kane R (eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Police and Policing. Oxford: Oxford University Press Byrne J and Monaghan L (2008) ‘Policing Loyalist and Republican Communities Understanding key issues for local communities and the PSNI’. Belfast: Institute for Conflict Research Byrne J and Topping J (2012) Community Safety: A Decade of Development, Delivery, Challenge and Change in Northern Ireland. Belfast: Belfast Conflict Resolution Consortium Byrne J Topping J and Jarman N (2013) Community Perspectives on Public Order Policing in Northern Ireland. Unpublished Research Report for PSNI Chiricos T et al (2000) ‘Fear, TV news, and the Reality of Crime’ Criminology 38(3), 755-785 Crime Survey for England and Wales (CSEW) (2014) ‘Crime in England and Wales 2010/11: Findings from the British Crime Survey and Police Recorded Crime (2nd Edition)’ Ed. Chapin et al, National Statistics Criminal Justice Inspection Northern Ireland (2007) Northern Ireland Alternatives Report of an Inspection with a View to Accreditation Under the Government’s Protocol for Community-Based Restorative Justice. Belfast: Criminal Justice Inspection Northern Ireland Department of Justice Northern Ireland (DOJNI) (2014) Perceptions of Policing, Justice and Anti-Social Behaviour: Quarterly Update to September 2013. Belfast: Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency Ellison G et al (2012b) ‘Responsible Participation, Community Engagement and Policing in Transitional Societies: Lessons from a Local Crime Survey in Northern Ireland’ The Howard Journal 51(5), 488-502 Ellison G (2000) ‘Reflecting All Shades of Opinion: Public Attitudinal Surveys and the Construction of Police Legitimacy in Northern Ireland’ British Journal of Criminology 40, 88-111 Ellison G (2007) ‘A Blueprint for Democratic Policing Anywhere in the World? : Police Reform, Political Transition, and Conflict Resolution in Northern Ireland’ Police Quarterly 10(3), 243- 269 36 Ellison G (2010) ‘Police-Community Relations in Northern Ireland in the post- Patten Era: Towards and Ecological analysis’, in Doyle J (ed.) Policing the Narrow Ground: Lessons from the Transformation of Policing in Northern Ireland. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy, p242- 276 Ellison G and Mulcahy A (2001) ‘Policing and Social Conflict in Northern Ireland’ Policing and Society 11, 243- 258 Ellison G and O’Rawe M (2010) ‘Security Governance in Transition: The Compartmentalizing, Crowding Out and Corralling of Policing and Security in Northern Ireland’ Theoretical Criminology 14(1), 31- 57 Ellison G et al (2012a) ‘Assessing the Determinants of Public Confidence in the Police: A Case Study of a Post-Conflict Community in Northern Ireland’ Criminology and Criminal Justice 0(0) p1- 25 Frost N and Monteiro C (2011) ‘Public Opinion, Crime and Justice’ Oxford Bibliographies Available at http://www.oxfordbibliographies.com/view/document/obo- 9780195396607/obo-9780195396607-0138.xml] Garda (2008) ‘Garda Public Attitudes Survey’, Garda Research Unit Garland D (2001) The Culture of Control: Crime and Social Order in Contemporary Society. Oxford: OUP Geertz C (1975) ‘Thick Descriptions: Toward an Interpretative Theory of Culture’, in Geertz, C. (ed.) The Interpretation of Cultures. New York: Basic Books, pp.3-30 Jackson J and Bradford B (2010) ‘What is Trust and Confidence in the Police?’ Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice 4(3), 241- 248 Jackson J and Sunshine J (2007) ‘Public Confidence in Policing: A Neo- Durkheimian Perspective’ British Journal of Criminology 47, 214- 233 Jackson J et al (2012) 'Why do People Comply with the Law? Legitimacy and the Influence of Legal Institutions' The British Journal of Criminology 52, 1051- 1071 Kiely J and Peek G (2002) ‘The Culture of the British Police: Views of Police Officers’, The Service Industries Journal 22(1), 167-183 Long A and Godfrey M (2004) ‘An Evaluation Tool to Assess the Quality of Qualitative Research Studies’, International Journal of Social Research Methodology 7(2), 181-196 Mawby R (2002) Policing Images: Policing, Communication and Legitimacy. Collumpton: Willan Publishing 37 McAlister S et al (2009) ‘Childhood in transition: Experiencing marginalization and conflict in Northern Ireland’ Childhood, Transition and Social Justice Initiative. Belfast: School of Law Queen’s University Belfast McCann M (1996) ‘Causal Versus Constitutive Explanations (or, On the Difficulty of Being so Positive...)’, Law and Social Enquiry 21, 457-482 McGarry J and O’Leary B (eds.) (2004) The Northern Ireland Conflict: Consociational Engagements. Oxford: Oxford University Press McNeill P and Chapman S (2005) Research Methods (3rd ed.). Oxon: Routledge Miller J and Glassner B (2004) ‘The “Inside” and the “Outside”: Finding Realities in Interviews’, in Siverman D (ed.) Qualitative Research (2nd ed.). London: Sage Publications, pp.125-139 Miller et al (2004) Public Opinions of the Police: The Influence of Friends, Family and the News Media. New York: Vera Institute of Justice Mulcahy A (2006) Policing in Northern Ireland: Conflict, Legitimacy and Reform Collumpton: Willan Publishing Nolan P (2013) Northern Ireland Peace Monitoring Report. Belfast: Northern Ireland Community Relations Council Northern Ireland Policing Board (NIPB) (2013) ‘Public Perceptions of the Police, DPPS and The Northern Ireland Policing Board’. Belfast: Northern Ireland Policing Board Roberts J et al (2003) Penal Populism and Public Opinion. Lessons from Five Countries Oxford: Oxford University Press Rubin H and Rubin I (2005) Qualitative Interviewing: The Art of Hearing Data (2nd ed.). London: Sage Publications Sliverman D (2004) ‘Who Cares about Experience? Missing Issues in Qualitative Research’, in Silverman D (ed.) Qualitative Research (2nd ed.). London: Sage Publications, pp.342-367 Siedman T (2006) Interviewing as Qualitative Research (3rd ed.). New York: Teachers College Press Silverman D (2006) Interpreting Qualitative Data (3rd ed.). London: Sage Publications Surette R (1998) Media, Crime, and Criminal Justice: Images and Realities. Belmont: Wadsworth 38 Topping J (2008a) ‘Community policing in Northern Ireland: a resistance narrative’ Policing and Society 18(4), 377-396 Topping J (2008b) ‘Diversifying from Within: Community Policing and the Governance of Security in Northern Ireland’ British Journal of Criminology 48, 778-797 Topping J and Byrne J (2012) ‘Paramilitary Punishments in Belfast: Policing Beneath the Peace’ Journal of the Behavioural Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression 4(1), 41-59 Tyler T (2006) ‘Psychological Perspectives on Legitimacy and Legitimation’ Annual Review of Psychology 57, 375- 400 Tyler T and Fagan J (2008). ‘Why Do People Cooperate with the Police?’ Ohio State Journal of Criminal Law 6, 231-275 Tyler T and Huo J (2002) Trust in the Law: Encouraging Public Cooperation with the Police and Courts. New York: Russell Sage Foundation Tyler T and Jackson J (2013) ‘Future Challenges in the Study of Legitimacy and Criminal Justice’, in Tankebe J and Liebling A (eds.) Legitimacy and Criminal Justice: An International Exploration. Oxford: Oxford University Press UTV News (2013) ‘PSNI Community Talks Begin in Wales’ 17th May Available at: http://www.u.tv/News/PSNI-community-talks-begin-in-Wales/32230931-246b- 4378-b569-70f27f46a5b1 Weitzer R (2002) ‘Incidents of Police Misconduct and Public Opinion’, Journal of Criminal Justice 30, 397- 408 Willis J (2007) Foundations of Qualitative Research. London: Sage Publications",
year = "2014",
month = "5",
day = "31",
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}

‘The influence that politicians, community leaders and the media have on confidence in the police in Northern Ireland’. / Topping, John; Byrne, Jonny; Martin, Richard.

2014. 39 p.

Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned report

TY - BOOK

T1 - ‘The influence that politicians, community leaders and the media have on confidence in the police in Northern Ireland’

AU - Topping, John

AU - Byrne, Jonny

AU - Martin, Richard

N1 - Reference text: AlaninBelfast (2013) Interview with Chief Constable Matt Baggott Online: Slugger O’Toole. Available at http://sluggerotoole.com/2013/04/22/interview-with-matt-baggott- his-view-on-psni-transformation-confidence-in-policing-over-regulation-vocation- faith/] Allen, J. et al. (2006) Policing and the criminal justice system- public confidence and perceptions: findings from the 2004/05 British Crime Survey Home Office Online Report 07/06 BBC News (2013a) ‘Gun attack on PSNI officers 'lured' to bogus burglary’ 16th May Available at http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-northern-ireland-22559541 BBC News (2013b) ‘Union flag dispute: Baggott defends PSNI impartiality’ 5th March Available at http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-northern-ireland-21669369 BBC News (2013c) ‘Belfast flags trouble: PSNI chief says senior UVF members are involved’ 7th January Available at http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-northern-ireland-20929658 BBC News (2013d) ‘Cardiff talks should make Northern Ireland summer ‘safer’ 20th May Available at http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-northern-ireland-22593012 BBC News (2013e) ‘Cardiff talks not about brokering a parades deal: PSNI 17th May Available at http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-northern-ireland-22563833 BBC News (2014a) ‘Peter Robinson stands by comments on policing’ 7th March Available online http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-northern-ireland-21707715 BBC News (2014b) ‘Derry video: Investigation into claim police left woman in bus lay-by’ Available at http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-northern-ireland-foyle-west- 26642097 BBC Spotlight (2013) Policing the Peace Television: BBC one, 5th June Available at http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b02280wc Belfast Telegraph (2014) ‘Willie Frazer freed again after being held over bail breach’ 18th June Available at http://www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk/news/local-national/northern- ireland/willie-frazer-freed-again-after-being-held-over-bail-breach-29354383.html Bradford B and Jackson J (2009) ‘Public Trust in Criminal Justice: A Review of the Research Literature in the United States’, in Jokinen A. et al (eds.), Review 35 of Need: Indicators of Public Confidence in Criminal Justice for Policy Assessment Bradford B et al (2008) ‘Trust and Confidence in Criminal Justice: A Review of the British Research Literature’, in Jokinen A (eds.), Review of Need: Indicators of Public Confidence in Criminal Justice for Policy Assessment Bradford B et al (2014) ‘Police Legitimacy in Action: Lessons for Theory and Practice’, in Reisig M and Kane R (eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Police and Policing. Oxford: Oxford University Press Byrne J and Monaghan L (2008) ‘Policing Loyalist and Republican Communities Understanding key issues for local communities and the PSNI’. Belfast: Institute for Conflict Research Byrne J and Topping J (2012) Community Safety: A Decade of Development, Delivery, Challenge and Change in Northern Ireland. Belfast: Belfast Conflict Resolution Consortium Byrne J Topping J and Jarman N (2013) Community Perspectives on Public Order Policing in Northern Ireland. Unpublished Research Report for PSNI Chiricos T et al (2000) ‘Fear, TV news, and the Reality of Crime’ Criminology 38(3), 755-785 Crime Survey for England and Wales (CSEW) (2014) ‘Crime in England and Wales 2010/11: Findings from the British Crime Survey and Police Recorded Crime (2nd Edition)’ Ed. Chapin et al, National Statistics Criminal Justice Inspection Northern Ireland (2007) Northern Ireland Alternatives Report of an Inspection with a View to Accreditation Under the Government’s Protocol for Community-Based Restorative Justice. Belfast: Criminal Justice Inspection Northern Ireland Department of Justice Northern Ireland (DOJNI) (2014) Perceptions of Policing, Justice and Anti-Social Behaviour: Quarterly Update to September 2013. Belfast: Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency Ellison G et al (2012b) ‘Responsible Participation, Community Engagement and Policing in Transitional Societies: Lessons from a Local Crime Survey in Northern Ireland’ The Howard Journal 51(5), 488-502 Ellison G (2000) ‘Reflecting All Shades of Opinion: Public Attitudinal Surveys and the Construction of Police Legitimacy in Northern Ireland’ British Journal of Criminology 40, 88-111 Ellison G (2007) ‘A Blueprint for Democratic Policing Anywhere in the World? : Police Reform, Political Transition, and Conflict Resolution in Northern Ireland’ Police Quarterly 10(3), 243- 269 36 Ellison G (2010) ‘Police-Community Relations in Northern Ireland in the post- Patten Era: Towards and Ecological analysis’, in Doyle J (ed.) Policing the Narrow Ground: Lessons from the Transformation of Policing in Northern Ireland. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy, p242- 276 Ellison G and Mulcahy A (2001) ‘Policing and Social Conflict in Northern Ireland’ Policing and Society 11, 243- 258 Ellison G and O’Rawe M (2010) ‘Security Governance in Transition: The Compartmentalizing, Crowding Out and Corralling of Policing and Security in Northern Ireland’ Theoretical Criminology 14(1), 31- 57 Ellison G et al (2012a) ‘Assessing the Determinants of Public Confidence in the Police: A Case Study of a Post-Conflict Community in Northern Ireland’ Criminology and Criminal Justice 0(0) p1- 25 Frost N and Monteiro C (2011) ‘Public Opinion, Crime and Justice’ Oxford Bibliographies Available at http://www.oxfordbibliographies.com/view/document/obo- 9780195396607/obo-9780195396607-0138.xml] Garda (2008) ‘Garda Public Attitudes Survey’, Garda Research Unit Garland D (2001) The Culture of Control: Crime and Social Order in Contemporary Society. Oxford: OUP Geertz C (1975) ‘Thick Descriptions: Toward an Interpretative Theory of Culture’, in Geertz, C. (ed.) The Interpretation of Cultures. New York: Basic Books, pp.3-30 Jackson J and Bradford B (2010) ‘What is Trust and Confidence in the Police?’ Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice 4(3), 241- 248 Jackson J and Sunshine J (2007) ‘Public Confidence in Policing: A Neo- Durkheimian Perspective’ British Journal of Criminology 47, 214- 233 Jackson J et al (2012) 'Why do People Comply with the Law? Legitimacy and the Influence of Legal Institutions' The British Journal of Criminology 52, 1051- 1071 Kiely J and Peek G (2002) ‘The Culture of the British Police: Views of Police Officers’, The Service Industries Journal 22(1), 167-183 Long A and Godfrey M (2004) ‘An Evaluation Tool to Assess the Quality of Qualitative Research Studies’, International Journal of Social Research Methodology 7(2), 181-196 Mawby R (2002) Policing Images: Policing, Communication and Legitimacy. Collumpton: Willan Publishing 37 McAlister S et al (2009) ‘Childhood in transition: Experiencing marginalization and conflict in Northern Ireland’ Childhood, Transition and Social Justice Initiative. Belfast: School of Law Queen’s University Belfast McCann M (1996) ‘Causal Versus Constitutive Explanations (or, On the Difficulty of Being so Positive...)’, Law and Social Enquiry 21, 457-482 McGarry J and O’Leary B (eds.) (2004) The Northern Ireland Conflict: Consociational Engagements. Oxford: Oxford University Press McNeill P and Chapman S (2005) Research Methods (3rd ed.). Oxon: Routledge Miller J and Glassner B (2004) ‘The “Inside” and the “Outside”: Finding Realities in Interviews’, in Siverman D (ed.) Qualitative Research (2nd ed.). London: Sage Publications, pp.125-139 Miller et al (2004) Public Opinions of the Police: The Influence of Friends, Family and the News Media. New York: Vera Institute of Justice Mulcahy A (2006) Policing in Northern Ireland: Conflict, Legitimacy and Reform Collumpton: Willan Publishing Nolan P (2013) Northern Ireland Peace Monitoring Report. Belfast: Northern Ireland Community Relations Council Northern Ireland Policing Board (NIPB) (2013) ‘Public Perceptions of the Police, DPPS and The Northern Ireland Policing Board’. Belfast: Northern Ireland Policing Board Roberts J et al (2003) Penal Populism and Public Opinion. Lessons from Five Countries Oxford: Oxford University Press Rubin H and Rubin I (2005) Qualitative Interviewing: The Art of Hearing Data (2nd ed.). London: Sage Publications Sliverman D (2004) ‘Who Cares about Experience? Missing Issues in Qualitative Research’, in Silverman D (ed.) Qualitative Research (2nd ed.). London: Sage Publications, pp.342-367 Siedman T (2006) Interviewing as Qualitative Research (3rd ed.). New York: Teachers College Press Silverman D (2006) Interpreting Qualitative Data (3rd ed.). London: Sage Publications Surette R (1998) Media, Crime, and Criminal Justice: Images and Realities. Belmont: Wadsworth 38 Topping J (2008a) ‘Community policing in Northern Ireland: a resistance narrative’ Policing and Society 18(4), 377-396 Topping J (2008b) ‘Diversifying from Within: Community Policing and the Governance of Security in Northern Ireland’ British Journal of Criminology 48, 778-797 Topping J and Byrne J (2012) ‘Paramilitary Punishments in Belfast: Policing Beneath the Peace’ Journal of the Behavioural Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression 4(1), 41-59 Tyler T (2006) ‘Psychological Perspectives on Legitimacy and Legitimation’ Annual Review of Psychology 57, 375- 400 Tyler T and Fagan J (2008). ‘Why Do People Cooperate with the Police?’ Ohio State Journal of Criminal Law 6, 231-275 Tyler T and Huo J (2002) Trust in the Law: Encouraging Public Cooperation with the Police and Courts. New York: Russell Sage Foundation Tyler T and Jackson J (2013) ‘Future Challenges in the Study of Legitimacy and Criminal Justice’, in Tankebe J and Liebling A (eds.) Legitimacy and Criminal Justice: An International Exploration. Oxford: Oxford University Press UTV News (2013) ‘PSNI Community Talks Begin in Wales’ 17th May Available at: http://www.u.tv/News/PSNI-community-talks-begin-in-Wales/32230931-246b- 4378-b569-70f27f46a5b1 Weitzer R (2002) ‘Incidents of Police Misconduct and Public Opinion’, Journal of Criminal Justice 30, 397- 408 Willis J (2007) Foundations of Qualitative Research. London: Sage Publications

PY - 2014/5/31

Y1 - 2014/5/31

N2 - In January 2014, the Northern Ireland Policing Board (NIPB) commissioned the University of Ulster to conduct research into public confidence in policing to help inform the work of the Board and its oversight of police service delivery. More specifically, the research team were tasked with exploring ‘the influence that politicians, community leaders and the media have on public confidence in policing in Northern Ireland’. To date, the subject of ‘confidence in policing’ within a Northern Ireland context has been relatively under researched, both in academic and policy terms. Thus, the present research is the first empirical research to be produced in Northern Ireland which considers the issue of confidence in policing from the perspective of community leaders, politicians and the media – including the key influences and dynamics which underpin police confidence at a community level.The report begins with a comprehensive review of academic literature, policy documents and contemporary events related to confidence in policing. The research then provides an overview of the methodology used to undertake the research, with the remainder of the report comprised of the findings from the discussions with representatives from the media, political parties and the community and voluntary sector who participated. The report concludes with an overview of the central findings along with a series of recommendations.

AB - In January 2014, the Northern Ireland Policing Board (NIPB) commissioned the University of Ulster to conduct research into public confidence in policing to help inform the work of the Board and its oversight of police service delivery. More specifically, the research team were tasked with exploring ‘the influence that politicians, community leaders and the media have on public confidence in policing in Northern Ireland’. To date, the subject of ‘confidence in policing’ within a Northern Ireland context has been relatively under researched, both in academic and policy terms. Thus, the present research is the first empirical research to be produced in Northern Ireland which considers the issue of confidence in policing from the perspective of community leaders, politicians and the media – including the key influences and dynamics which underpin police confidence at a community level.The report begins with a comprehensive review of academic literature, policy documents and contemporary events related to confidence in policing. The research then provides an overview of the methodology used to undertake the research, with the remainder of the report comprised of the findings from the discussions with representatives from the media, political parties and the community and voluntary sector who participated. The report concludes with an overview of the central findings along with a series of recommendations.

KW - PSNI

KW - confidence

KW - policing

KW - politics

KW - media

KW - community representatives

KW - northern ireland

M3 - Commissioned report

BT - ‘The influence that politicians, community leaders and the media have on confidence in the police in Northern Ireland’

ER -