The Impact of Internal Displacement in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq: Internally displaced people, interethnic relations, and social cohesion in Duhok

Alex Munoz, Kelsey Shanks

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The city and governorate of Duhok in the autonomous Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI) have witnessed several waves of forced migration since the United States–led occupation in 2003, including those fleeing violence after the 2006 Samarra bombings and the resulting sectarian conflict, Syrian refugees escaping the civil war that began in 2011, and internally displaced people (IDPs) who evacuated to the area after the Islamic State’s invasion of Mosul and surrounding territories in 2014. These demographic shifts have added to a diverse population that includes, alongside the Kurdish majority, substantial numbers of Arabs, Assyrian Christians, and Yezidis. Concurrently, the KRI has experienced an oil-driven economic boom that has kindled a belated urbanization process (compared with Erbil and Sulaymaniyah). In examining the impact of these displacement crises on Duhok, especially the effect on social cohesion and social tensions arising from interethnic relations, it is clear that displacement has negatively affected social cohesion in the KRI and that regional stability and protection of minority rights will depend on sustained political commitment to identifying and pursuing peaceful solutions.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationRoutledge Handbook on Middle East Cities
Chapter22
Pages334-351
ISBN (Electronic)9781315625164
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 30 Jun 2019

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Kurdistan
ethnic relations
social cohesion
Iraq
minority rights
political activity
invasion
civil war
refugee
Arab
urbanization
occupation
migration
violence
economics

Cite this

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The Impact of Internal Displacement in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq : Internally displaced people, interethnic relations, and social cohesion in Duhok. / Munoz, Alex; Shanks, Kelsey.

Routledge Handbook on Middle East Cities. 2019. p. 334-351.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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