The Health Needs of Adolescents with Intellectual Disabilities in State Care

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aim: To explore the health needs of young people with ID living in state care in Northern Ireland. Method: The general health and mental health needs of 37 adolescents with ID (aged 10–15 years) were compared with an age-matched sample of young people without ID (n = 128) living in state care. Data were collected from social worker reports and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). Results: The young people with ID had a significantly greater prevalence of health difficulties than their non-ID peers and also showed significantly more emotional and behavioural problems. In particular, 77.1% of the young people with ID scored within the abnormal range of the SDQ thereby indicating potential mental health difficulties compared with 49.6% of young people without ID. Conclusion: Young people with ID have additional physical and mental health needs which may not currently be met, or even recognized. They may be subject to ‘diagnostic overshadowing’, may have less effective coping strategies than their non-disabled peers and may be less able to utilize available health services. A greater awareness of the health needs of this vulnerable population is needed so effective health promotion strategies and interventions can be developed.
LanguageEnglish
Pages468
JournalJournal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities
Volume23
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2010

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Intellectual Disability
disability
adolescent
Mental Health
Health
health
mental health
Northern Ireland
Vulnerable Populations
Health Promotion
Health Services
questionnaire
health promotion
social worker
Adolescent Health
diagnostic
coping
health service
Surveys and Questionnaires

Cite this

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title = "The Health Needs of Adolescents with Intellectual Disabilities in State Care",
abstract = "Aim: To explore the health needs of young people with ID living in state care in Northern Ireland. Method: The general health and mental health needs of 37 adolescents with ID (aged 10–15 years) were compared with an age-matched sample of young people without ID (n = 128) living in state care. Data were collected from social worker reports and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). Results: The young people with ID had a significantly greater prevalence of health difficulties than their non-ID peers and also showed significantly more emotional and behavioural problems. In particular, 77.1{\%} of the young people with ID scored within the abnormal range of the SDQ thereby indicating potential mental health difficulties compared with 49.6{\%} of young people without ID. Conclusion: Young people with ID have additional physical and mental health needs which may not currently be met, or even recognized. They may be subject to ‘diagnostic overshadowing’, may have less effective coping strategies than their non-disabled peers and may be less able to utilize available health services. A greater awareness of the health needs of this vulnerable population is needed so effective health promotion strategies and interventions can be developed.",
author = "Wendy Cousins and Laurence Taggart and Sharon Milner",
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The Health Needs of Adolescents with Intellectual Disabilities in State Care. / Cousins, Wendy; Taggart, Laurence; Milner, Sharon.

In: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, Vol. 23, No. 5, 09.2010, p. 468.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - Aim: To explore the health needs of young people with ID living in state care in Northern Ireland. Method: The general health and mental health needs of 37 adolescents with ID (aged 10–15 years) were compared with an age-matched sample of young people without ID (n = 128) living in state care. Data were collected from social worker reports and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). Results: The young people with ID had a significantly greater prevalence of health difficulties than their non-ID peers and also showed significantly more emotional and behavioural problems. In particular, 77.1% of the young people with ID scored within the abnormal range of the SDQ thereby indicating potential mental health difficulties compared with 49.6% of young people without ID. Conclusion: Young people with ID have additional physical and mental health needs which may not currently be met, or even recognized. They may be subject to ‘diagnostic overshadowing’, may have less effective coping strategies than their non-disabled peers and may be less able to utilize available health services. A greater awareness of the health needs of this vulnerable population is needed so effective health promotion strategies and interventions can be developed.

AB - Aim: To explore the health needs of young people with ID living in state care in Northern Ireland. Method: The general health and mental health needs of 37 adolescents with ID (aged 10–15 years) were compared with an age-matched sample of young people without ID (n = 128) living in state care. Data were collected from social worker reports and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). Results: The young people with ID had a significantly greater prevalence of health difficulties than their non-ID peers and also showed significantly more emotional and behavioural problems. In particular, 77.1% of the young people with ID scored within the abnormal range of the SDQ thereby indicating potential mental health difficulties compared with 49.6% of young people without ID. Conclusion: Young people with ID have additional physical and mental health needs which may not currently be met, or even recognized. They may be subject to ‘diagnostic overshadowing’, may have less effective coping strategies than their non-disabled peers and may be less able to utilize available health services. A greater awareness of the health needs of this vulnerable population is needed so effective health promotion strategies and interventions can be developed.

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