The Haken-Kelso-Bunz (HKB) model: from matter to movement to mind

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2 Citations (Scopus)


This article presents a brief retrospective on the Haken-Kelso-Bunz (HKB) model of certain dynamical properties of human movement. Though unanticipated, HKB introduced, and demonstrated the power of, a new vocabulary for understanding behavior, cognition and the brain, revealed through a visually compelling mathematical picture that accommodated highly reproducible experimental facts and predicted new ones. HKB stands as a harbinger of paradigm change in several scientific fields, the effects of which are still being felt. In particular, HKB constitutes the foundation of a mechanistic science of coordination called Coordination Dynamics that extends from matter to movement to mind, and beyond. [Abstract copyright: © 2021. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.]
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)305-322
JournalBiological Cybernetics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 18 Aug 2021


  • Complementarity
  • Behavior
  • Coordination Dynamics
  • Fluctuations
  • HKB model
  • Functional information
  • Intrinsic dynamics
  • Symmetry breaking
  • Brain


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