The Gendering of entrepreneurship: Theoretical and empirical Insights

J Rouse, Lorna Treanor, Emma Fleck

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    18 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Purpose – This extended Editorial outlines the genesis and theoretical interests of theGender and Enterprise Network from which this special issue of the International Journal ofEntrepreneurial Behaviour & Research emerged. In the call for papers, researchers were asked toemploy existing gender theories to explore entrepreneurship. The theories and empirical insightspresented in the five papers are summarised and compared. Key directions for future work areoutlined.Design/methodology/approach – Articles in the special issue include cross-national studies, multilevelanalyses drawing on qualitative and quantitative methods, longitudinal analysis and feministresearch. The Editorial explores methodological challenges, including how to encourage cross-nationalcollaboration, research the circumstances in which entrepreneurship is gender liberating and embedgender theory in research on male entrepreneurship.Findings – A comparison is made of the findings from the papers in this special issue, to draw outwider implications for our understanding of entrepreneurship as a gendered process.Originality/value – This special issue represents a significant milestone in advancing ourunderstanding of all entrepreneurship as gendered. Its focus on gender theory (rather than on theempirical study of women’s entrepreneurship) is novel and marks the theoretical direction advocatedby the Gender and Enterprise Network. It is hoped that the employment of gender theory in theEditorial and articles will spark the interest, and raise the contribution, of the wider entrepreneurshipresearch community. An agenda for the future is outlined.Keywords Gender, Entrepreneurialism, Entrepreneurship, FeminismPaper type General review
    LanguageEnglish
    Pages452-459
    JournalInternational Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour and Research
    Volume19
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013

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    Entrepreneurship
    Key words
    Quantitative methods
    Design methodology
    Qualitative methods
    Agenda
    Entrepreneurialism
    Longitudinal analysis
    Cross-national study

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    Rouse, J ; Treanor, Lorna ; Fleck, Emma. / The Gendering of entrepreneurship: Theoretical and empirical Insights. 2013 ; Vol. 19, No. 5. pp. 452-459.
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    abstract = "Purpose – This extended Editorial outlines the genesis and theoretical interests of theGender and Enterprise Network from which this special issue of the International Journal ofEntrepreneurial Behaviour & Research emerged. In the call for papers, researchers were asked toemploy existing gender theories to explore entrepreneurship. The theories and empirical insightspresented in the five papers are summarised and compared. Key directions for future work areoutlined.Design/methodology/approach – Articles in the special issue include cross-national studies, multilevelanalyses drawing on qualitative and quantitative methods, longitudinal analysis and feministresearch. The Editorial explores methodological challenges, including how to encourage cross-nationalcollaboration, research the circumstances in which entrepreneurship is gender liberating and embedgender theory in research on male entrepreneurship.Findings – A comparison is made of the findings from the papers in this special issue, to draw outwider implications for our understanding of entrepreneurship as a gendered process.Originality/value – This special issue represents a significant milestone in advancing ourunderstanding of all entrepreneurship as gendered. Its focus on gender theory (rather than on theempirical study of women’s entrepreneurship) is novel and marks the theoretical direction advocatedby the Gender and Enterprise Network. It is hoped that the employment of gender theory in theEditorial and articles will spark the interest, and raise the contribution, of the wider entrepreneurshipresearch community. An agenda for the future is outlined.Keywords Gender, Entrepreneurialism, Entrepreneurship, FeminismPaper type General review",
    author = "J Rouse and Lorna Treanor and Emma Fleck",
    note = "Reference text: Berglund, K. and Johansson, A.W. (2007), “Entrepreneurship, discourses and conscientization in processes of regional development”, Entrepreneurship and Regional Development: An International Journal, Vol. 19 No. 6, pp. 499-525. Bradley, H. (2007), Gender, Polity Press, Cambridge. Brush, C.G. (2012), “Foreword”, in Hughes, K.D. and Jennings, J.E. (Eds), Global Women’s Entrepreneurship Research: Diverse Settings, Questions and Approaches, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham and Northampton, pp. xiii-xixv. Cala´s, M.B., Smircich, L. and Bourne, K.A. (2009), “Extending the boundaries: reframing entrepreneurship as social change through feminist perspectives”, Academy of Management Review, Vol. 34 No. 3, pp. 552-569. Crenshaw, K. (1991), “Mapping the margins: intersectionality, identity politics, and violence against women of color”, Stanford Law Review, Vol. 43 No. 1, pp. 1241-1299. Davidsson, P. and Gordon, S.R. (2012), “Panel studies of new venture creation: a methods-focused review and suggestions for future research”, Small Business Economics, Vol. 39 No. 4, pp. 853-876. Evetts, J. (2000), “Analysing career change in women’s careers: culture, structure and action dimensions”, Gender Work and Organization, Vol. 7 No. 1, pp. 57-67. Greene, P. (2008), “Research trends and future avenues”, presentation at the 4th Diana International Research Symposium, Belfast, North Ireland, 4 November. Hakim, C. (2000), Work-Lifestyle Choices in the Twenty-First Century: Preference Theory, Routledge, London. Hays, S. (1996), The Cultural Contradictions ofMotherhood, Yale University Press, New Haven, CT. Hughes, K.D. and Jennings, J.E. (2012), “Introduction: showcasing the diversity of women’s entrepreneurship research”, in Hughes, K.D. and Jennings, J.E. (Eds), Global Women’s Entrepreneurship Research: Diverse Settings, Questions and Approaches, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham and Northampton, pp. 1-14. Hughes, K.D., Jennings, J.E., Brush, C., Carter, S. and Welter, F. (2012), “Extending women’s entrepreneurship research in new directions”, Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, Vol. 36 No. 3, pp. 429-442. 458 IJEBR 19,5 Jarvis, H. (2005), “Moving to London time: household coordination and the infrastructure of everyday life”, Time and Society, Vol. 14 No. 1, pp. 133-154. Leahy, M. and Doughney, J. (2006), “Women, work and preference formation: a critique of Catherine Hakim’s preference theory”, Journal of Business Systems, Governance and Ethics, Vol. 1 No. 1, pp. 37-48. McDowell, L. (2003), “The particularities of place. Geographies of gendered moral responsibilities among Latvian migrant workers in 1950’s Britain”, Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, Vol. 28 No. 1, pp. 19-34. Marlow, S., Henry, C. and Carter, S. (2009), “Exploring the impact of gender upon women’s business ownership”, International Small Business Journal, Vol. 27 No. 2, pp. 139-148. Neergaard, H. and Ulhoi, J.P. (2007), “Methodological variety in entrepreneurship research”, in Neergaard, H. and Ulhoi, J.P. (Eds), Handbook of Qualitative Research Methods, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham and Northampton, PA, pp. 1-16. Rouse, J. and Kitching, J. (2006), “Do enterprise support programmes leave women holding the baby?”, Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, Vol. 24 No. 1, pp. 5-19. Welter, F. (2010), “Contextualizing entrepreneurship – conceptual challenges and ways forward”, Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, Vol. 35 No. 1, pp. 165-184.",
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    The Gendering of entrepreneurship: Theoretical and empirical Insights. / Rouse, J; Treanor, Lorna; Fleck, Emma.

    Vol. 19, No. 5, 2013, p. 452-459.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    T1 - The Gendering of entrepreneurship: Theoretical and empirical Insights

    AU - Rouse, J

    AU - Treanor, Lorna

    AU - Fleck, Emma

    N1 - Reference text: Berglund, K. and Johansson, A.W. (2007), “Entrepreneurship, discourses and conscientization in processes of regional development”, Entrepreneurship and Regional Development: An International Journal, Vol. 19 No. 6, pp. 499-525. Bradley, H. (2007), Gender, Polity Press, Cambridge. Brush, C.G. (2012), “Foreword”, in Hughes, K.D. and Jennings, J.E. (Eds), Global Women’s Entrepreneurship Research: Diverse Settings, Questions and Approaches, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham and Northampton, pp. xiii-xixv. Cala´s, M.B., Smircich, L. and Bourne, K.A. (2009), “Extending the boundaries: reframing entrepreneurship as social change through feminist perspectives”, Academy of Management Review, Vol. 34 No. 3, pp. 552-569. Crenshaw, K. (1991), “Mapping the margins: intersectionality, identity politics, and violence against women of color”, Stanford Law Review, Vol. 43 No. 1, pp. 1241-1299. Davidsson, P. and Gordon, S.R. (2012), “Panel studies of new venture creation: a methods-focused review and suggestions for future research”, Small Business Economics, Vol. 39 No. 4, pp. 853-876. Evetts, J. (2000), “Analysing career change in women’s careers: culture, structure and action dimensions”, Gender Work and Organization, Vol. 7 No. 1, pp. 57-67. Greene, P. (2008), “Research trends and future avenues”, presentation at the 4th Diana International Research Symposium, Belfast, North Ireland, 4 November. Hakim, C. (2000), Work-Lifestyle Choices in the Twenty-First Century: Preference Theory, Routledge, London. Hays, S. (1996), The Cultural Contradictions ofMotherhood, Yale University Press, New Haven, CT. Hughes, K.D. and Jennings, J.E. (2012), “Introduction: showcasing the diversity of women’s entrepreneurship research”, in Hughes, K.D. and Jennings, J.E. (Eds), Global Women’s Entrepreneurship Research: Diverse Settings, Questions and Approaches, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham and Northampton, pp. 1-14. Hughes, K.D., Jennings, J.E., Brush, C., Carter, S. and Welter, F. (2012), “Extending women’s entrepreneurship research in new directions”, Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, Vol. 36 No. 3, pp. 429-442. 458 IJEBR 19,5 Jarvis, H. (2005), “Moving to London time: household coordination and the infrastructure of everyday life”, Time and Society, Vol. 14 No. 1, pp. 133-154. Leahy, M. and Doughney, J. (2006), “Women, work and preference formation: a critique of Catherine Hakim’s preference theory”, Journal of Business Systems, Governance and Ethics, Vol. 1 No. 1, pp. 37-48. McDowell, L. (2003), “The particularities of place. Geographies of gendered moral responsibilities among Latvian migrant workers in 1950’s Britain”, Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, Vol. 28 No. 1, pp. 19-34. Marlow, S., Henry, C. and Carter, S. (2009), “Exploring the impact of gender upon women’s business ownership”, International Small Business Journal, Vol. 27 No. 2, pp. 139-148. Neergaard, H. and Ulhoi, J.P. (2007), “Methodological variety in entrepreneurship research”, in Neergaard, H. and Ulhoi, J.P. (Eds), Handbook of Qualitative Research Methods, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham and Northampton, PA, pp. 1-16. Rouse, J. and Kitching, J. (2006), “Do enterprise support programmes leave women holding the baby?”, Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, Vol. 24 No. 1, pp. 5-19. Welter, F. (2010), “Contextualizing entrepreneurship – conceptual challenges and ways forward”, Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, Vol. 35 No. 1, pp. 165-184.

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    AB - Purpose – This extended Editorial outlines the genesis and theoretical interests of theGender and Enterprise Network from which this special issue of the International Journal ofEntrepreneurial Behaviour & Research emerged. In the call for papers, researchers were asked toemploy existing gender theories to explore entrepreneurship. The theories and empirical insightspresented in the five papers are summarised and compared. Key directions for future work areoutlined.Design/methodology/approach – Articles in the special issue include cross-national studies, multilevelanalyses drawing on qualitative and quantitative methods, longitudinal analysis and feministresearch. The Editorial explores methodological challenges, including how to encourage cross-nationalcollaboration, research the circumstances in which entrepreneurship is gender liberating and embedgender theory in research on male entrepreneurship.Findings – A comparison is made of the findings from the papers in this special issue, to draw outwider implications for our understanding of entrepreneurship as a gendered process.Originality/value – This special issue represents a significant milestone in advancing ourunderstanding of all entrepreneurship as gendered. Its focus on gender theory (rather than on theempirical study of women’s entrepreneurship) is novel and marks the theoretical direction advocatedby the Gender and Enterprise Network. It is hoped that the employment of gender theory in theEditorial and articles will spark the interest, and raise the contribution, of the wider entrepreneurshipresearch community. An agenda for the future is outlined.Keywords Gender, Entrepreneurialism, Entrepreneurship, FeminismPaper type General review

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