The financial costs of defoliation of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) by pine looper moth (Bupalus piniaria)

NA Straw, HL Armour, KR Day

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    10 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The financial costs of defoliation of Scots pine by the pine looper moth (Bupalus piniaria L.) were evaluated for three pine stands in Tentsmuir Forest, Scotland, by comparing observed tree growth with estimates of the growth that would have been expected if the moth had not been present. It was calculated that five or seven periods of partial defoliation, caused by successive peaks in the moth population, had reduced the total volume of marketable timber available in thinnings and at final harvest by 26-35 m(3) ha(-1). Nearly all of this loss occurred in the sawlog category of timber. Total discounted income over the rotation, based on long-term (1984-2001) average timber prices and a 3.5 per cent discount rate, was reduced by 5.8-7.5 per cent when the same rotation length was used for both observed and expected growth. At a discount rate of 6 per cent, total income was reduced by 4.4-5.2 per cent. Extending the rotation by 3 or 4 years to allow the mean final tree size to reach that expected in the absence of defoliation, or by 4 or 6 years to allow the same total volume of timber to be extracted, increased total revenue but did not increase gross discounted income because of the effect of discounting over a greater number of years.
    LanguageEnglish
    Pages525-536
    JournalForestry
    Volume75
    Issue number5
    Publication statusPublished - 2002

    Fingerprint

    Bupalus
    defoliation
    Pinus sylvestris
    moths
    income
    Pinus
    sawlogs
    forest stands
    thinning (plants)
    tree growth
    Scotland

    Cite this

    Straw, NA ; Armour, HL ; Day, KR. / The financial costs of defoliation of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) by pine looper moth (Bupalus piniaria). In: Forestry. 2002 ; Vol. 75, No. 5. pp. 525-536.
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    title = "The financial costs of defoliation of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) by pine looper moth (Bupalus piniaria)",
    abstract = "The financial costs of defoliation of Scots pine by the pine looper moth (Bupalus piniaria L.) were evaluated for three pine stands in Tentsmuir Forest, Scotland, by comparing observed tree growth with estimates of the growth that would have been expected if the moth had not been present. It was calculated that five or seven periods of partial defoliation, caused by successive peaks in the moth population, had reduced the total volume of marketable timber available in thinnings and at final harvest by 26-35 m(3) ha(-1). Nearly all of this loss occurred in the sawlog category of timber. Total discounted income over the rotation, based on long-term (1984-2001) average timber prices and a 3.5 per cent discount rate, was reduced by 5.8-7.5 per cent when the same rotation length was used for both observed and expected growth. At a discount rate of 6 per cent, total income was reduced by 4.4-5.2 per cent. Extending the rotation by 3 or 4 years to allow the mean final tree size to reach that expected in the absence of defoliation, or by 4 or 6 years to allow the same total volume of timber to be extracted, increased total revenue but did not increase gross discounted income because of the effect of discounting over a greater number of years.",
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    The financial costs of defoliation of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) by pine looper moth (Bupalus piniaria). / Straw, NA; Armour, HL; Day, KR.

    In: Forestry, Vol. 75, No. 5, 2002, p. 525-536.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    AB - The financial costs of defoliation of Scots pine by the pine looper moth (Bupalus piniaria L.) were evaluated for three pine stands in Tentsmuir Forest, Scotland, by comparing observed tree growth with estimates of the growth that would have been expected if the moth had not been present. It was calculated that five or seven periods of partial defoliation, caused by successive peaks in the moth population, had reduced the total volume of marketable timber available in thinnings and at final harvest by 26-35 m(3) ha(-1). Nearly all of this loss occurred in the sawlog category of timber. Total discounted income over the rotation, based on long-term (1984-2001) average timber prices and a 3.5 per cent discount rate, was reduced by 5.8-7.5 per cent when the same rotation length was used for both observed and expected growth. At a discount rate of 6 per cent, total income was reduced by 4.4-5.2 per cent. Extending the rotation by 3 or 4 years to allow the mean final tree size to reach that expected in the absence of defoliation, or by 4 or 6 years to allow the same total volume of timber to be extracted, increased total revenue but did not increase gross discounted income because of the effect of discounting over a greater number of years.

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