The Feasibility and Rationale for using Early Contractor Involvement ECI in Northern Ireland

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The first project using Early Contractor Involvement (ECI), introduced by Highways Agency in 2001 has just commenced in Northern Ireland. The Nichols Report (2007) on the first five UK ECI schemes identified benefits and problems with ECI but admitted limited piloting and research. This research investigates these indicating that the timeline for delivery was the most important reason for choosing ECI. Ranking of benefits identify the top three to be Improved Design Quality, Better Risk Management and Greater Trust and Understanding between Client and Contractor. Cost savings and delivery of projects within budget through using this route are also confirmed. The building of greater trust and understanding between client and contractor is evidenced in 100% of cases and is an important by-product of choosing ECI. On the negative side the main barriers to ECI adoption are cultural, client sharing and lack of embracing ECI by clients are identified as the top two issues. The concluding section of the paper ranked ECI in relation to AEC critical factors identified from the OGC procurement guide documents (OGC, 2007a-k). Integrated project team, risk and value management and integrated design were the top ranked critical factors by the respondents, with Roles and Responsibilities and focus on whole life costs being the lowest in line with the findings of the Nichols (2007). This research indicates that the negative issues relating to ECI stated by Owen (2009) are not shared by practitioners with initial opinions and statistics on the use of ECI being very positive.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationUnknown Host Publication
Place of PublicationSao Paulo Brazil
Number of pages13
Publication statusPublished - 17 Aug 2012
Event7th International Conference on Innovation in Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) - Sao Paulo, Brazil
Duration: 17 Aug 2012 → …

Conference

Conference7th International Conference on Innovation in Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC)
Period17/08/12 → …

Fingerprint

Northern Ireland
Contractors
Rationale
Risk management
Critical factors
Cost savings
Ranking
Costs
Project teams
Integrated
Value management
Responsibility
Design quality
Procurement
Statistics
Team management
Integrated design

Keywords

  • Government Procurement
  • Early Contractor Involvement

Cite this

@inproceedings{5479d00bd272401091e71a9aa5091933,
title = "The Feasibility and Rationale for using Early Contractor Involvement ECI in Northern Ireland",
abstract = "The first project using Early Contractor Involvement (ECI), introduced by Highways Agency in 2001 has just commenced in Northern Ireland. The Nichols Report (2007) on the first five UK ECI schemes identified benefits and problems with ECI but admitted limited piloting and research. This research investigates these indicating that the timeline for delivery was the most important reason for choosing ECI. Ranking of benefits identify the top three to be Improved Design Quality, Better Risk Management and Greater Trust and Understanding between Client and Contractor. Cost savings and delivery of projects within budget through using this route are also confirmed. The building of greater trust and understanding between client and contractor is evidenced in 100{\%} of cases and is an important by-product of choosing ECI. On the negative side the main barriers to ECI adoption are cultural, client sharing and lack of embracing ECI by clients are identified as the top two issues. The concluding section of the paper ranked ECI in relation to AEC critical factors identified from the OGC procurement guide documents (OGC, 2007a-k). Integrated project team, risk and value management and integrated design were the top ranked critical factors by the respondents, with Roles and Responsibilities and focus on whole life costs being the lowest in line with the findings of the Nichols (2007). This research indicates that the negative issues relating to ECI stated by Owen (2009) are not shared by practitioners with initial opinions and statistics on the use of ECI being very positive.",
keywords = "Government Procurement, Early Contractor Involvement",
author = "Robert Eadie and Phillip Millar and Clare Mahon and Mark Ferguson",
note = "Reference text: A5WTC. 2010. Roads: A5 Western Transport Corridor (A5 WTC). (Available on-line at: http://www.graham.co.uk/whatwedodetail/12/50/a5-western-transport-corridor-a5-wtc.aspx?expanddiv=slide_12,slide_11 [Accessed August 2011]). Bennett, J., Jayes, S. 1998. Seven Pillars of Partnering, Thomas Telford, London. Bourn, J. 2007. Estimating and Monitoring the Costs of Building Roads in England, Department of Transport, National Audit Office, London. (Available on-line at: http://www.official-documents.gov.uk/document/hc0607/hc03/0321/0321.asp [Accessed August 2011]). Broome, J. 2002. Procurement Routes for Partnering: A Practical Guide, 1st Edition, Thomas Telford Publishing, Thomas Telford Ltd. Bryman, A. 2004. Social Research Methods, 2nd Edition, Oxford University Press, Oxford. Chan, D. and Kumaraswamy, D. 2001. A comparative study of causes of time overruns in Hong Kong construction projects. In International Journal of Project Management. Vol. 15 No.(1). Pp. 55-63. Construction Excellence 2009. UK Industry Performance Report - Based on the UK Construction Industry Key Performance Indicators, Construction Excellence for Department for Business Enterprise & Regulatory Reform, London. (Available on-line at: http://www.constructingexcellence.org.uk/news/pdf_news_articles/KPIv6.pdf [Accessed August 2011]). DFP 2006. Construction Procurement: Guide to Client Advisor and Project Management Service Delivery, Central Procurement Directorate, Department of Finance and Personnel, Belfast. Highways Agency 2010. A500 City Road & Stoke Road Junction Improvement, (Available on-line at: http://www.highways.gov.uk/roads/projects/5340.aspx [Accessed August 2010]). Mangione, T.W. 1995. Mail Surveys: Improving the Quality, Applied Social Research Series Vol. 40, Sage, Thousand Oaks, California. Mendelsohn, R. 1997. The Constructability Review Process: a Constructor’s Perspective. In ASCE Journal of Management in Engineering. Vol. 13, No. 3, May/June 1997, Pp. 17-19. Mosey, D. 2009. How to be good when times are bad: early contractor involvement, (Available on-line at: http://www.building.co.uk/legal/how-to-be-good-when-times-are-bad-early-contractor-involvement/3135802.article#ixzz0gamXqvpv [Accessed August 2011]). Nichols, M. 2007. Review of Highways Agency’s Major Roads Programme, Report to Secretary of State for Transport, The Nichols Group, London. (Available on-line at: http://www2.dft.gov.uk/pgr/roads/nicholsreport/nicholsreport.pdf [Accessed August 2011]). OGC 2007a. Achieving Excellence Guide 01 - Initiative into Action, Office of Government Commerce, London. (Available on-line at: http://www.ogc.gov.uk/documents/CP0061AEGuide1.pdf [Accessed August 2011]). OGC 2007b. Achieving Excellence Guide 02 – Project Organisation, Office of Government Commerce, London. (Available on-line at: http://www.ogc.gov.uk/documents/CP0062AEGuide2.pdf [Accessed August 2011]). OGC 2007c. Achieving Excellence Guide 03 – Project Procurement, Office of Government Commerce, London. (Available on-line at: http://www.ogc.gov.uk/documents/CP0063AEGuide3.pdf [Accessed August 2011]). OGC 2007d. Achieving Excellence Guide 04 – Risk and Value Management, Office of Government Commerce, London. (Available on-line at: http://www.ogc.gov.uk/documents/CP0064AEGuide4.pdf [Accessed August 2011]). OGC 2007e. Achieving Excellence Guide 05 – The Integrated Project Team, Office of Government Commerce, London. (Available on-line at: http://www.ogc.gov.uk/documents/CP0065AEGuide5.pdf [Accessed August 2011]). OGC 2007f. Achieving Excellence Guide 06 – Procurement and Contract Strategies, Office of Government Commerce, London. (Available on-line at: http://www.ogc.gov.uk/documents/CP0066AEGuide6.pdf [Accessed August 2011]). OGC 2007g. Achieving Excellence Guide 07 – Whole-Life Costing, Office of Government Commerce, London. (Available on-line at: http://www.ogc.gov.uk/documents/CP0067AEGuide7.pdf [Accessed August 2011]). OGC 2007h. Achieving Excellence Guide 08 – Improving Performance, Office of Government Commerce, London. (Available on-line at: http://www.ogc.gov.uk/documents/CP0068AEGuide8.pdf [Accessed August 2011]). OGC 2007i. Achieving Excellence Guide 09 – Design Quality, Office of Government Commerce, London. (Available on-line at: http://www.ogc.gov.uk/documents/CP0069AEGuide9.pdf [Accessed August 2011]). OGC 2007j. Achieving Excellence Guide 10 – Health and Safety, Office of Government Commerce, London. (Available on-line at: http://www.ogc.gov.uk/documents/CP0070AEGuide10.pdf [Accessed August 2011]). OGC 2007k. Achieving Excellence Guide 11 - Sustainability, Office of Government Commerce, London. (Available on-line at: http://www.ogc.gov.uk/documents/CP0071AEGuide11.pdf [Accessed August 2011]). Oppenheim, A.N. 2001. Questionnaire Design, Interviewing and Attitude Measurement, Continuum, London Owen, E. 2009. Highways Agency to Review ECI, New Civil Engineer, (Available on-line at www.nce.co.uk/highways-agency-to-review-eci/5200210.article [Accessed August 2011]). Rubin, A., and Babbie, E., 2004. Research Methods of Social Work, Thomson Wadsworth, UK Song, L., Mohamed, Y., AbouRizk, S.M. 2009. Early Contractor Involvement in Design and Its Impact on Construction Schedule Performance, in Journal Of Management In Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 25 No. 1, Pp. 12-20.. Stowe, R. 2005. Early Contractor Involvement Contracts In Ireland, Projects and Construction Group, Matheson Ormsby Prentice. (Available on-line at: http://www.mop.ie/dynamic/files/ProjectsGroup-EarlyContractorInvolvementContractsInIreland-RS-June2005.pdf [Accessed August 2011]). Wolstenholme, A. 2009. Never Waste a Good Crisis, Construction Excellence, London. (Available on-line at: http://www.constructingexcellence.org.uk/pdf/Wolstenholme_Report_Oct_2009.pdf [Accessed August 2011]).",
year = "2012",
month = "8",
day = "17",
language = "English",
booktitle = "Unknown Host Publication",

}

Eadie, R, Millar, P, Mahon, C & Ferguson, M 2012, The Feasibility and Rationale for using Early Contractor Involvement ECI in Northern Ireland. in Unknown Host Publication. Sao Paulo Brazil, 7th International Conference on Innovation in Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC), 17/08/12.

The Feasibility and Rationale for using Early Contractor Involvement ECI in Northern Ireland. / Eadie, Robert; Millar, Phillip; Mahon, Clare; Ferguson, Mark.

Unknown Host Publication. Sao Paulo Brazil, 2012.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

TY - GEN

T1 - The Feasibility and Rationale for using Early Contractor Involvement ECI in Northern Ireland

AU - Eadie, Robert

AU - Millar, Phillip

AU - Mahon, Clare

AU - Ferguson, Mark

N1 - Reference text: A5WTC. 2010. Roads: A5 Western Transport Corridor (A5 WTC). (Available on-line at: http://www.graham.co.uk/whatwedodetail/12/50/a5-western-transport-corridor-a5-wtc.aspx?expanddiv=slide_12,slide_11 [Accessed August 2011]). Bennett, J., Jayes, S. 1998. Seven Pillars of Partnering, Thomas Telford, London. Bourn, J. 2007. Estimating and Monitoring the Costs of Building Roads in England, Department of Transport, National Audit Office, London. (Available on-line at: http://www.official-documents.gov.uk/document/hc0607/hc03/0321/0321.asp [Accessed August 2011]). Broome, J. 2002. Procurement Routes for Partnering: A Practical Guide, 1st Edition, Thomas Telford Publishing, Thomas Telford Ltd. Bryman, A. 2004. Social Research Methods, 2nd Edition, Oxford University Press, Oxford. Chan, D. and Kumaraswamy, D. 2001. A comparative study of causes of time overruns in Hong Kong construction projects. In International Journal of Project Management. Vol. 15 No.(1). Pp. 55-63. Construction Excellence 2009. UK Industry Performance Report - Based on the UK Construction Industry Key Performance Indicators, Construction Excellence for Department for Business Enterprise & Regulatory Reform, London. (Available on-line at: http://www.constructingexcellence.org.uk/news/pdf_news_articles/KPIv6.pdf [Accessed August 2011]). DFP 2006. Construction Procurement: Guide to Client Advisor and Project Management Service Delivery, Central Procurement Directorate, Department of Finance and Personnel, Belfast. Highways Agency 2010. A500 City Road & Stoke Road Junction Improvement, (Available on-line at: http://www.highways.gov.uk/roads/projects/5340.aspx [Accessed August 2010]). Mangione, T.W. 1995. Mail Surveys: Improving the Quality, Applied Social Research Series Vol. 40, Sage, Thousand Oaks, California. Mendelsohn, R. 1997. The Constructability Review Process: a Constructor’s Perspective. In ASCE Journal of Management in Engineering. Vol. 13, No. 3, May/June 1997, Pp. 17-19. Mosey, D. 2009. How to be good when times are bad: early contractor involvement, (Available on-line at: http://www.building.co.uk/legal/how-to-be-good-when-times-are-bad-early-contractor-involvement/3135802.article#ixzz0gamXqvpv [Accessed August 2011]). Nichols, M. 2007. Review of Highways Agency’s Major Roads Programme, Report to Secretary of State for Transport, The Nichols Group, London. (Available on-line at: http://www2.dft.gov.uk/pgr/roads/nicholsreport/nicholsreport.pdf [Accessed August 2011]). OGC 2007a. Achieving Excellence Guide 01 - Initiative into Action, Office of Government Commerce, London. (Available on-line at: http://www.ogc.gov.uk/documents/CP0061AEGuide1.pdf [Accessed August 2011]). OGC 2007b. Achieving Excellence Guide 02 – Project Organisation, Office of Government Commerce, London. (Available on-line at: http://www.ogc.gov.uk/documents/CP0062AEGuide2.pdf [Accessed August 2011]). OGC 2007c. Achieving Excellence Guide 03 – Project Procurement, Office of Government Commerce, London. (Available on-line at: http://www.ogc.gov.uk/documents/CP0063AEGuide3.pdf [Accessed August 2011]). OGC 2007d. Achieving Excellence Guide 04 – Risk and Value Management, Office of Government Commerce, London. (Available on-line at: http://www.ogc.gov.uk/documents/CP0064AEGuide4.pdf [Accessed August 2011]). OGC 2007e. Achieving Excellence Guide 05 – The Integrated Project Team, Office of Government Commerce, London. (Available on-line at: http://www.ogc.gov.uk/documents/CP0065AEGuide5.pdf [Accessed August 2011]). OGC 2007f. Achieving Excellence Guide 06 – Procurement and Contract Strategies, Office of Government Commerce, London. (Available on-line at: http://www.ogc.gov.uk/documents/CP0066AEGuide6.pdf [Accessed August 2011]). OGC 2007g. Achieving Excellence Guide 07 – Whole-Life Costing, Office of Government Commerce, London. (Available on-line at: http://www.ogc.gov.uk/documents/CP0067AEGuide7.pdf [Accessed August 2011]). OGC 2007h. Achieving Excellence Guide 08 – Improving Performance, Office of Government Commerce, London. (Available on-line at: http://www.ogc.gov.uk/documents/CP0068AEGuide8.pdf [Accessed August 2011]). OGC 2007i. Achieving Excellence Guide 09 – Design Quality, Office of Government Commerce, London. (Available on-line at: http://www.ogc.gov.uk/documents/CP0069AEGuide9.pdf [Accessed August 2011]). OGC 2007j. Achieving Excellence Guide 10 – Health and Safety, Office of Government Commerce, London. (Available on-line at: http://www.ogc.gov.uk/documents/CP0070AEGuide10.pdf [Accessed August 2011]). OGC 2007k. Achieving Excellence Guide 11 - Sustainability, Office of Government Commerce, London. (Available on-line at: http://www.ogc.gov.uk/documents/CP0071AEGuide11.pdf [Accessed August 2011]). Oppenheim, A.N. 2001. Questionnaire Design, Interviewing and Attitude Measurement, Continuum, London Owen, E. 2009. Highways Agency to Review ECI, New Civil Engineer, (Available on-line at www.nce.co.uk/highways-agency-to-review-eci/5200210.article [Accessed August 2011]). Rubin, A., and Babbie, E., 2004. Research Methods of Social Work, Thomson Wadsworth, UK Song, L., Mohamed, Y., AbouRizk, S.M. 2009. Early Contractor Involvement in Design and Its Impact on Construction Schedule Performance, in Journal Of Management In Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 25 No. 1, Pp. 12-20.. Stowe, R. 2005. Early Contractor Involvement Contracts In Ireland, Projects and Construction Group, Matheson Ormsby Prentice. (Available on-line at: http://www.mop.ie/dynamic/files/ProjectsGroup-EarlyContractorInvolvementContractsInIreland-RS-June2005.pdf [Accessed August 2011]). Wolstenholme, A. 2009. Never Waste a Good Crisis, Construction Excellence, London. (Available on-line at: http://www.constructingexcellence.org.uk/pdf/Wolstenholme_Report_Oct_2009.pdf [Accessed August 2011]).

PY - 2012/8/17

Y1 - 2012/8/17

N2 - The first project using Early Contractor Involvement (ECI), introduced by Highways Agency in 2001 has just commenced in Northern Ireland. The Nichols Report (2007) on the first five UK ECI schemes identified benefits and problems with ECI but admitted limited piloting and research. This research investigates these indicating that the timeline for delivery was the most important reason for choosing ECI. Ranking of benefits identify the top three to be Improved Design Quality, Better Risk Management and Greater Trust and Understanding between Client and Contractor. Cost savings and delivery of projects within budget through using this route are also confirmed. The building of greater trust and understanding between client and contractor is evidenced in 100% of cases and is an important by-product of choosing ECI. On the negative side the main barriers to ECI adoption are cultural, client sharing and lack of embracing ECI by clients are identified as the top two issues. The concluding section of the paper ranked ECI in relation to AEC critical factors identified from the OGC procurement guide documents (OGC, 2007a-k). Integrated project team, risk and value management and integrated design were the top ranked critical factors by the respondents, with Roles and Responsibilities and focus on whole life costs being the lowest in line with the findings of the Nichols (2007). This research indicates that the negative issues relating to ECI stated by Owen (2009) are not shared by practitioners with initial opinions and statistics on the use of ECI being very positive.

AB - The first project using Early Contractor Involvement (ECI), introduced by Highways Agency in 2001 has just commenced in Northern Ireland. The Nichols Report (2007) on the first five UK ECI schemes identified benefits and problems with ECI but admitted limited piloting and research. This research investigates these indicating that the timeline for delivery was the most important reason for choosing ECI. Ranking of benefits identify the top three to be Improved Design Quality, Better Risk Management and Greater Trust and Understanding between Client and Contractor. Cost savings and delivery of projects within budget through using this route are also confirmed. The building of greater trust and understanding between client and contractor is evidenced in 100% of cases and is an important by-product of choosing ECI. On the negative side the main barriers to ECI adoption are cultural, client sharing and lack of embracing ECI by clients are identified as the top two issues. The concluding section of the paper ranked ECI in relation to AEC critical factors identified from the OGC procurement guide documents (OGC, 2007a-k). Integrated project team, risk and value management and integrated design were the top ranked critical factors by the respondents, with Roles and Responsibilities and focus on whole life costs being the lowest in line with the findings of the Nichols (2007). This research indicates that the negative issues relating to ECI stated by Owen (2009) are not shared by practitioners with initial opinions and statistics on the use of ECI being very positive.

KW - Government Procurement

KW - Early Contractor Involvement

UR - http://innovationinaec2012.pcc.usp.br/

UR - http://innovationinaec2012.pcc.usp.br/

M3 - Conference contribution

BT - Unknown Host Publication

CY - Sao Paulo Brazil

ER -