The experience of cancer cachexia: A qualitative study of advanced cancer patients and their family members

J Reid, Hugh McKenna, Donna Fitzsimons, Tanya McCance

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

59 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BackgroundCachexia in advanced malignancy is a debilitating syndrome which contributes to approximately two million deaths worldwide annually. In spite of advances in understanding the biomedical aspects of cancer cachexia, little attention has been paid to exploring its holistic impact on patients and those who care for them.ObjectiveThe aim of this paper is to describe the lived experience of cachexia from the perspective of patients with cancer and their family members.DesignAn interpretative phenomenological approach was employed.Setting and participantsA purposive sampling strategy recruited 15 patients and 12 family members from the Regional Cancer Centre in Northern Ireland.MethodEach participant was interviewed during 2004/2005 using an unstructured interview. All interviews were recorded and transcribed verbatim. Analysis combined a two stage approach using thematic and interpretative phenomenological analysis.ResultsAnalysis generated six superordinate themes that reflected the complex dynamics of the cachexia experience. Themes were: physiological changes in appetite; visuality of cachexia; weight loss interpreted as a bad sign; response from health care professionals; conflict over food; and coping responses.ConclusionsFindings confirmed that cancer cachexia has far reaching implications for patients and their families, extending beyond physical problems into psychological, social and emotional issues. This insight is a critical first step in the development of more responsive care for these clients.Keywords: Cancer cachexia; Nursing; Experience; Palliative care; Phenomenology
LanguageEnglish
Pages606-616
JournalInternational Journal of Nursing Studies
Volume46
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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Cachexia
Neoplasms
Interviews
Northern Ireland
Appetite
Palliative Care
Weight Loss
Nursing
Psychology
Delivery of Health Care
Food

Cite this

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abstract = "BackgroundCachexia in advanced malignancy is a debilitating syndrome which contributes to approximately two million deaths worldwide annually. In spite of advances in understanding the biomedical aspects of cancer cachexia, little attention has been paid to exploring its holistic impact on patients and those who care for them.ObjectiveThe aim of this paper is to describe the lived experience of cachexia from the perspective of patients with cancer and their family members.DesignAn interpretative phenomenological approach was employed.Setting and participantsA purposive sampling strategy recruited 15 patients and 12 family members from the Regional Cancer Centre in Northern Ireland.MethodEach participant was interviewed during 2004/2005 using an unstructured interview. All interviews were recorded and transcribed verbatim. Analysis combined a two stage approach using thematic and interpretative phenomenological analysis.ResultsAnalysis generated six superordinate themes that reflected the complex dynamics of the cachexia experience. Themes were: physiological changes in appetite; visuality of cachexia; weight loss interpreted as a bad sign; response from health care professionals; conflict over food; and coping responses.ConclusionsFindings confirmed that cancer cachexia has far reaching implications for patients and their families, extending beyond physical problems into psychological, social and emotional issues. This insight is a critical first step in the development of more responsive care for these clients.Keywords: Cancer cachexia; Nursing; Experience; Palliative care; Phenomenology",
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The experience of cancer cachexia: A qualitative study of advanced cancer patients and their family members. / Reid, J; McKenna, Hugh; Fitzsimons, Donna; McCance, Tanya.

Vol. 46, No. 5, 2009, p. 606-616.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - BackgroundCachexia in advanced malignancy is a debilitating syndrome which contributes to approximately two million deaths worldwide annually. In spite of advances in understanding the biomedical aspects of cancer cachexia, little attention has been paid to exploring its holistic impact on patients and those who care for them.ObjectiveThe aim of this paper is to describe the lived experience of cachexia from the perspective of patients with cancer and their family members.DesignAn interpretative phenomenological approach was employed.Setting and participantsA purposive sampling strategy recruited 15 patients and 12 family members from the Regional Cancer Centre in Northern Ireland.MethodEach participant was interviewed during 2004/2005 using an unstructured interview. All interviews were recorded and transcribed verbatim. Analysis combined a two stage approach using thematic and interpretative phenomenological analysis.ResultsAnalysis generated six superordinate themes that reflected the complex dynamics of the cachexia experience. Themes were: physiological changes in appetite; visuality of cachexia; weight loss interpreted as a bad sign; response from health care professionals; conflict over food; and coping responses.ConclusionsFindings confirmed that cancer cachexia has far reaching implications for patients and their families, extending beyond physical problems into psychological, social and emotional issues. This insight is a critical first step in the development of more responsive care for these clients.Keywords: Cancer cachexia; Nursing; Experience; Palliative care; Phenomenology

AB - BackgroundCachexia in advanced malignancy is a debilitating syndrome which contributes to approximately two million deaths worldwide annually. In spite of advances in understanding the biomedical aspects of cancer cachexia, little attention has been paid to exploring its holistic impact on patients and those who care for them.ObjectiveThe aim of this paper is to describe the lived experience of cachexia from the perspective of patients with cancer and their family members.DesignAn interpretative phenomenological approach was employed.Setting and participantsA purposive sampling strategy recruited 15 patients and 12 family members from the Regional Cancer Centre in Northern Ireland.MethodEach participant was interviewed during 2004/2005 using an unstructured interview. All interviews were recorded and transcribed verbatim. Analysis combined a two stage approach using thematic and interpretative phenomenological analysis.ResultsAnalysis generated six superordinate themes that reflected the complex dynamics of the cachexia experience. Themes were: physiological changes in appetite; visuality of cachexia; weight loss interpreted as a bad sign; response from health care professionals; conflict over food; and coping responses.ConclusionsFindings confirmed that cancer cachexia has far reaching implications for patients and their families, extending beyond physical problems into psychological, social and emotional issues. This insight is a critical first step in the development of more responsive care for these clients.Keywords: Cancer cachexia; Nursing; Experience; Palliative care; Phenomenology

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