The Expendables: Community organisations and governance dynamics in the Canadian settlement sector

Nicholas Acheson, Rachel Laforest

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    6 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    An emerging pattern of governance in contemporary liberal democratic welfare states is a move away from interest group representation and a public sphere organised around demands for extensions of rights to something much more constrained. This paper is concerned with the impacts of this shift in governance on the role and place of community based organisations as a critical vehicle for the acquisition and expression of citizenship. It asks how such a profound shift in representation has occurred through governance spaces that are co-constructed by community organisations with roots in interest group representation in changes that have deeply compromised their rights to participate and their missions. It examines the case of Canadian immigrant settlement where beliefs about citizen representation, the role of the state and the nature of the public sphere have undergone profound change, leaving immigrant organisations as either marginal players or fully incorporated in state sanctioned immigrant service provision. Drawing on documentary evidence and interviews with immigrant organisations and public officials in Ottawa, it shows how immigrant organizations have actively interpreted their interests in the light of this changing web of beliefs to co-construct a new policy regime that favours organisational interests over citizen participation.
    LanguageEnglish
    JournalCanadian Journal of Political Science
    Volume46
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 28 Aug 2013

    Fingerprint

    immigrant organization
    governance
    interest group
    community
    immigrant
    citizens' participation
    welfare state
    citizenship
    citizen
    interview
    evidence

    Cite this

    @article{b4fb96e843de43c9bfc3ea51cc374fd5,
    title = "The Expendables: Community organisations and governance dynamics in the Canadian settlement sector",
    abstract = "An emerging pattern of governance in contemporary liberal democratic welfare states is a move away from interest group representation and a public sphere organised around demands for extensions of rights to something much more constrained. This paper is concerned with the impacts of this shift in governance on the role and place of community based organisations as a critical vehicle for the acquisition and expression of citizenship. It asks how such a profound shift in representation has occurred through governance spaces that are co-constructed by community organisations with roots in interest group representation in changes that have deeply compromised their rights to participate and their missions. It examines the case of Canadian immigrant settlement where beliefs about citizen representation, the role of the state and the nature of the public sphere have undergone profound change, leaving immigrant organisations as either marginal players or fully incorporated in state sanctioned immigrant service provision. Drawing on documentary evidence and interviews with immigrant organisations and public officials in Ottawa, it shows how immigrant organizations have actively interpreted their interests in the light of this changing web of beliefs to co-construct a new policy regime that favours organisational interests over citizen participation.",
    author = "Nicholas Acheson and Rachel Laforest",
    note = "Reference text: Abu-Laban, Yasmeen, and Daiva Stasiulis. 1992. Ethnic Pluralism under Siege: Popular and Partisan Opposition to Multiculturalism. Canadian Public Policy/Analyse de Politiques 18: 365-86. Banting, Keith, and Will Kymlicka. 2010. Canadian Multiculturalism: Global Anxieties and Local Debates. British Journal of Canadian Studies 23: 43-72. Bevir, Mark. 2010. Democratic Governance. Princeton, NJ and Oxford: Princeton University Press. --- , and Rod A.W. Rhodes. 2010. The State as Cultural Practice. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Bloemraad, Irene. 2006. Becoming a Citizen: Incorporating Immigrants and Refugees in the United States and Canada. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. Carmel, Emma, and Jenny Harlock. 2008. Instituting the 'third sector' as a governable terrain: partnership, procurement and performance in the UK. Policy and Politics 36: 155-172. Daly, Mary. 2003. Governance and Social Policy. Journal of Social Policy 32: 113-28. Davies, Jonathan. 2011. Challenging Governance Theory: From Networks to Hegemony. Bristol: the Policy Press. Day, Richard. 2000. Multiculturalism and the History of Canadian Diversity. Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press. Jenson, Jane. 2004. Catching up to reality: Building the Case for a New Social Model. Ottawa: Canadian Policy Research Networks. --- and Susan D. Phillips. 1996. Regime Shift: New Citizenship Practices in Canada. International Journal of Canadian Studies 14: 11-36. Laforest, Rachel. 2012. Rerouting Political Representation: Canada's social infrastructure crisis. British Journal of Canadian Studies . Leah, Ronnie. 1989. Linking the Struggles: Racism, Feminism and the Union Movement. In Race, Class, Gender: Bonds and Barriers, eds. J. Vorst, T. Das Gupta, C. Gonick, R. Leah, A. Lennon, A. Muszynski, R. Ng, E. Silva, M. Steedman, S. Transken, and D. Wilkinson, pp. 169-200. Winnipeg: Between the Lines. Lister, R. (2010) ‘The Age of Responsibility: Social Policy and Citizenship in the Early 21st Century’ in C. Holden, M. Kilkey, G. Ramia (Eds) Social Policy Review 23: Bristol: the Policy Press Mahon, Rianne. 1977. Canadian Public Policy: The Unequal Structure of representation. In The Canadian State: Political Economy and political Power ed. L. Panitch, pp. 165-198. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. March, James G., and Johan P. Olsen.1989. Rediscovering Institutions. New York: Free Press. ---. 2006. Elaborating the 'New Institutionalism'. In R.A.W. Rhodes, S.A. Bindman and Bert A. Rockman (Eds). The Oxford Handbook of Political Institutions, pp. 3-20. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Newman, Janet. 2005. Introduction. In J. Newman (Ed.) Remaking Governance: Peoples, Politics and the Public Sphere. Bristol: the Policy Press Newman, Janet. 2007. Governance as Cultural Practice: Texts, Talk and the Struggle for Meaning. In Mark Bevir and Frank Trentmann (Eds.) Governance, Consumer and Citizens: Agency and Resistance on Contemporary Politics, pp. 49-68. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. Pal, Leslie. A. 1993. Interests of State: The Politics of Language, Multiculturalism and Feminism in Canada. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press. Paquet, Gilles, and Robert Shepherd. 1996. The Program Review Process: A Deconstruction. In How Ottawa Spends: Life Under the Knife, ed. G. Swimmer, pp. 39-72. Ottawa: Carleton University Press. Phillips, Susan D. 2012. Dual Restructuring: Civil Society and the Welfare State in Canada 1985 to 2005. British Journal of Canadian Studies. forthcoming Phillips, Susan D. and Steve Rathgeb Smith, eds. 2011. Governance and Regulation in the Third Sector: International Perspectives. London: Routledge. Rhodes, Rod A.W. 2007. Understanding Governance Ten Years On. Organization Studies 28: 1243-1264 Scott, K., S. Tsoukalas, P. Roberts, D. Lasby. 2006. The Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector in Ontario: Regional; Highlights of the National Survey of Nonprofit and Voluntary Organizations. Toronto: Imagine Canada White, Deena. 2012. Interest Representation and Organisation in Civil society: Ontario and Quebec Compared. British Journal of Canadian Studies .",
    year = "2013",
    month = "8",
    day = "28",
    doi = "10.1017/S0008423913000450",
    language = "English",
    volume = "46",
    journal = "Canadian Journal of Political Science",
    issn = "0008-4239",
    publisher = "Cambridge University Press",

    }

    The Expendables: Community organisations and governance dynamics in the Canadian settlement sector. / Acheson, Nicholas; Laforest, Rachel.

    In: Canadian Journal of Political Science, Vol. 46, 28.08.2013.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - The Expendables: Community organisations and governance dynamics in the Canadian settlement sector

    AU - Acheson, Nicholas

    AU - Laforest, Rachel

    N1 - Reference text: Abu-Laban, Yasmeen, and Daiva Stasiulis. 1992. Ethnic Pluralism under Siege: Popular and Partisan Opposition to Multiculturalism. Canadian Public Policy/Analyse de Politiques 18: 365-86. Banting, Keith, and Will Kymlicka. 2010. Canadian Multiculturalism: Global Anxieties and Local Debates. British Journal of Canadian Studies 23: 43-72. Bevir, Mark. 2010. Democratic Governance. Princeton, NJ and Oxford: Princeton University Press. --- , and Rod A.W. Rhodes. 2010. The State as Cultural Practice. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Bloemraad, Irene. 2006. Becoming a Citizen: Incorporating Immigrants and Refugees in the United States and Canada. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. Carmel, Emma, and Jenny Harlock. 2008. Instituting the 'third sector' as a governable terrain: partnership, procurement and performance in the UK. Policy and Politics 36: 155-172. Daly, Mary. 2003. Governance and Social Policy. Journal of Social Policy 32: 113-28. Davies, Jonathan. 2011. Challenging Governance Theory: From Networks to Hegemony. Bristol: the Policy Press. Day, Richard. 2000. Multiculturalism and the History of Canadian Diversity. Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press. Jenson, Jane. 2004. Catching up to reality: Building the Case for a New Social Model. Ottawa: Canadian Policy Research Networks. --- and Susan D. Phillips. 1996. Regime Shift: New Citizenship Practices in Canada. International Journal of Canadian Studies 14: 11-36. Laforest, Rachel. 2012. Rerouting Political Representation: Canada's social infrastructure crisis. British Journal of Canadian Studies . Leah, Ronnie. 1989. Linking the Struggles: Racism, Feminism and the Union Movement. In Race, Class, Gender: Bonds and Barriers, eds. J. Vorst, T. Das Gupta, C. Gonick, R. Leah, A. Lennon, A. Muszynski, R. Ng, E. Silva, M. Steedman, S. Transken, and D. Wilkinson, pp. 169-200. Winnipeg: Between the Lines. Lister, R. (2010) ‘The Age of Responsibility: Social Policy and Citizenship in the Early 21st Century’ in C. Holden, M. Kilkey, G. Ramia (Eds) Social Policy Review 23: Bristol: the Policy Press Mahon, Rianne. 1977. Canadian Public Policy: The Unequal Structure of representation. In The Canadian State: Political Economy and political Power ed. L. Panitch, pp. 165-198. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. March, James G., and Johan P. Olsen.1989. Rediscovering Institutions. New York: Free Press. ---. 2006. Elaborating the 'New Institutionalism'. In R.A.W. Rhodes, S.A. Bindman and Bert A. Rockman (Eds). The Oxford Handbook of Political Institutions, pp. 3-20. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Newman, Janet. 2005. Introduction. In J. Newman (Ed.) Remaking Governance: Peoples, Politics and the Public Sphere. Bristol: the Policy Press Newman, Janet. 2007. Governance as Cultural Practice: Texts, Talk and the Struggle for Meaning. In Mark Bevir and Frank Trentmann (Eds.) Governance, Consumer and Citizens: Agency and Resistance on Contemporary Politics, pp. 49-68. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. Pal, Leslie. A. 1993. Interests of State: The Politics of Language, Multiculturalism and Feminism in Canada. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press. Paquet, Gilles, and Robert Shepherd. 1996. The Program Review Process: A Deconstruction. In How Ottawa Spends: Life Under the Knife, ed. G. Swimmer, pp. 39-72. Ottawa: Carleton University Press. Phillips, Susan D. 2012. Dual Restructuring: Civil Society and the Welfare State in Canada 1985 to 2005. British Journal of Canadian Studies. forthcoming Phillips, Susan D. and Steve Rathgeb Smith, eds. 2011. Governance and Regulation in the Third Sector: International Perspectives. London: Routledge. Rhodes, Rod A.W. 2007. Understanding Governance Ten Years On. Organization Studies 28: 1243-1264 Scott, K., S. Tsoukalas, P. Roberts, D. Lasby. 2006. The Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector in Ontario: Regional; Highlights of the National Survey of Nonprofit and Voluntary Organizations. Toronto: Imagine Canada White, Deena. 2012. Interest Representation and Organisation in Civil society: Ontario and Quebec Compared. British Journal of Canadian Studies .

    PY - 2013/8/28

    Y1 - 2013/8/28

    N2 - An emerging pattern of governance in contemporary liberal democratic welfare states is a move away from interest group representation and a public sphere organised around demands for extensions of rights to something much more constrained. This paper is concerned with the impacts of this shift in governance on the role and place of community based organisations as a critical vehicle for the acquisition and expression of citizenship. It asks how such a profound shift in representation has occurred through governance spaces that are co-constructed by community organisations with roots in interest group representation in changes that have deeply compromised their rights to participate and their missions. It examines the case of Canadian immigrant settlement where beliefs about citizen representation, the role of the state and the nature of the public sphere have undergone profound change, leaving immigrant organisations as either marginal players or fully incorporated in state sanctioned immigrant service provision. Drawing on documentary evidence and interviews with immigrant organisations and public officials in Ottawa, it shows how immigrant organizations have actively interpreted their interests in the light of this changing web of beliefs to co-construct a new policy regime that favours organisational interests over citizen participation.

    AB - An emerging pattern of governance in contemporary liberal democratic welfare states is a move away from interest group representation and a public sphere organised around demands for extensions of rights to something much more constrained. This paper is concerned with the impacts of this shift in governance on the role and place of community based organisations as a critical vehicle for the acquisition and expression of citizenship. It asks how such a profound shift in representation has occurred through governance spaces that are co-constructed by community organisations with roots in interest group representation in changes that have deeply compromised their rights to participate and their missions. It examines the case of Canadian immigrant settlement where beliefs about citizen representation, the role of the state and the nature of the public sphere have undergone profound change, leaving immigrant organisations as either marginal players or fully incorporated in state sanctioned immigrant service provision. Drawing on documentary evidence and interviews with immigrant organisations and public officials in Ottawa, it shows how immigrant organizations have actively interpreted their interests in the light of this changing web of beliefs to co-construct a new policy regime that favours organisational interests over citizen participation.

    U2 - 10.1017/S0008423913000450

    DO - 10.1017/S0008423913000450

    M3 - Article

    VL - 46

    JO - Canadian Journal of Political Science

    T2 - Canadian Journal of Political Science

    JF - Canadian Journal of Political Science

    SN - 0008-4239

    ER -