The evolution of the incubator, past, present and future

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The evolution of the incubator is retraced from the foundational research in the 1950s and 1960s of Research-on-Research—that explored the R&D process in a number of contexts to derive and test theories of organizational behavior. In this paper, we review the next phase of this evolution, starting with seminal incubation research in the early 1970s and, we reflect on the prolific growth of incubation research and practice, as well as new challenges that lie ahead for the next phase of incubation. The incubation field has expanded to include a wide range of models and a plethora of spin-off terminology that have been used interchangeably, with the emergence of the most recent model—the accelerator. Our historical critical review of the evolution of the incubation field is used to ask: in this current era of technological change, what can we learn from the past? We reflect on this question in an attempt to help direct researchers in their endeavors to contribute to the next generation of incubation research. This paper presents lessons learned from prior research and provides a range of indicative areas for further empirical studies at four levels of analysis.

LanguageEnglish
Pages1-7
Number of pages7
JournalIEEE Transactions on Engineering Management
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2019

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Terminology
Incubator
Incubation
Particle accelerators
Lessons learned
Levels of analysis
Spin-off
Organizational behaviour
Technological change
Empirical study

Keywords

  • Incubator, Accelerator, Technology Transfer, Research-on-Research, Innovation Management
  • Technological innovation
  • Biological system modeling
  • incubator
  • Laboratories
  • Organizations
  • research-on-research
  • technology transfer
  • innovation management
  • Silicon
  • Research and development management
  • Accelerator

Cite this

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title = "The evolution of the incubator, past, present and future",
abstract = "The evolution of the incubator is retraced from the foundational research in the 1950s and 1960s of Research-on-Research—that explored the R&D process in a number of contexts to derive and test theories of organizational behavior. In this paper, we review the next phase of this evolution, starting with seminal incubation research in the early 1970s and, we reflect on the prolific growth of incubation research and practice, as well as new challenges that lie ahead for the next phase of incubation. The incubation field has expanded to include a wide range of models and a plethora of spin-off terminology that have been used interchangeably, with the emergence of the most recent model—the accelerator. Our historical critical review of the evolution of the incubation field is used to ask: in this current era of technological change, what can we learn from the past? We reflect on this question in an attempt to help direct researchers in their endeavors to contribute to the next generation of incubation research. This paper presents lessons learned from prior research and provides a range of indicative areas for further empirical studies at four levels of analysis.",
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The evolution of the incubator, past, present and future. / Galbraith, Brendan; McAdam, Rodney; Cross, Stephen.

In: IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 15.05.2019, p. 1-7.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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