The essential role of hippocampo-cortical connections in temporal coordination of spindles and ripples

Amin Azimi, Zahra Alizadeh, Maryam Ghorbani

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11 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

The predominant activity of slow wave sleep is cortical slow oscillations (SOs), thalamic spindles and hippocampal sharp wave ripples. While the precise temporal nesting of these rhythms was shown to be essential for memory consolidation, the coordination mechanism is poorly understood. Here we develop a minimal hippocampo-cortico-thalamic network that can explain the mechanism underlying the SO-spindle-ripple coupling indicating of the succession of regional neuronal interactions. Further we verify the model predictions experimentally in naturally sleeping rodents showing our simple model provides a quantitative match to several experimental observations including the nesting of ripples in the spindle troughs and larger duration but lower amplitude of the ripples co-occurring with spindles or SOs compared to the isolated ripples. The model also predicts that the coupling of ripples to SOs and spindles monotonically enhances by increasing the strength of hippocampo-cortical connections while it is stronger at intermediate values of the cortico-hippocampal projections.
Original languageEnglish
Article number118485
Pages (from-to)1-19
Number of pages19
JournalNeuroImage
Volume243
Early online date25 Aug 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 1 Nov 2021

Keywords

  • Phase-amplitude coupling
  • Sleep spindles
  • Neural mass model
  • Sharp wave ripples

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