The effects of sand dune and hill running on lower limb kinematics and running speed in elite sprinters.

Andrew Harrison, Randall Jensen, Carla McCabe

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the technical adaptations used by elite sprinters when running on sand dunes compared with running on a grass surface of similar gradient. Seven elite sprinters were videotaped while running at maximum effort up inclined sand and grass surfaces. Sagittal plane kinematic data were obtained using two video cameras placed on either side of the subjects. The video sequences were analysed using the Peak Motus. video analysis system. The results indicated that sand running caused reductions in running speed, stride rate, stride length and thigh range of motion. Ground contact time of the foot was increased and the relative timing of stride events was also disrupted while running on sand and this suggests a greater muscle loading effect compared with running on grass.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationUnknown Host Publication
EditorsMario Lamontagne, D Gordon, E Robertson, Heidi Sveistrup
Pages87-90
Number of pages4
Publication statusPublished - 2004
Event22nd International Symposium on Biomechanics in Sports - Ottawa, Canada
Duration: 1 Jan 2004 → …

Conference

Conference22nd International Symposium on Biomechanics in Sports
Period1/01/04 → …

Fingerprint

Kinematics
Sand
Video cameras
Muscle

Keywords

  • Velocity
  • Technique
  • Running surface

Cite this

Harrison, A., Jensen, R., & McCabe, C. (2004). The effects of sand dune and hill running on lower limb kinematics and running speed in elite sprinters. In M. Lamontagne, D. Gordon, E. Robertson, & H. Sveistrup (Eds.), Unknown Host Publication (pp. 87-90)
Harrison, Andrew ; Jensen, Randall ; McCabe, Carla. / The effects of sand dune and hill running on lower limb kinematics and running speed in elite sprinters. Unknown Host Publication. editor / Mario Lamontagne ; D Gordon ; E Robertson ; Heidi Sveistrup. 2004. pp. 87-90
@inproceedings{f20331e114d0440095aaea6d063950b9,
title = "The effects of sand dune and hill running on lower limb kinematics and running speed in elite sprinters.",
abstract = "The purpose of this study was to examine the technical adaptations used by elite sprinters when running on sand dunes compared with running on a grass surface of similar gradient. Seven elite sprinters were videotaped while running at maximum effort up inclined sand and grass surfaces. Sagittal plane kinematic data were obtained using two video cameras placed on either side of the subjects. The video sequences were analysed using the Peak Motus. video analysis system. The results indicated that sand running caused reductions in running speed, stride rate, stride length and thigh range of motion. Ground contact time of the foot was increased and the relative timing of stride events was also disrupted while running on sand and this suggests a greater muscle loading effect compared with running on grass.",
keywords = "Velocity, Technique, Running surface",
author = "Andrew Harrison and Randall Jensen and Carla McCabe",
year = "2004",
language = "English",
isbn = "0-88927-318-9",
pages = "87--90",
editor = "Mario Lamontagne and D Gordon and E Robertson and Heidi Sveistrup",
booktitle = "Unknown Host Publication",

}

Harrison, A, Jensen, R & McCabe, C 2004, The effects of sand dune and hill running on lower limb kinematics and running speed in elite sprinters. in M Lamontagne, D Gordon, E Robertson & H Sveistrup (eds), Unknown Host Publication. pp. 87-90, 22nd International Symposium on Biomechanics in Sports, 1/01/04.

The effects of sand dune and hill running on lower limb kinematics and running speed in elite sprinters. / Harrison, Andrew; Jensen, Randall; McCabe, Carla.

Unknown Host Publication. ed. / Mario Lamontagne; D Gordon; E Robertson; Heidi Sveistrup. 2004. p. 87-90.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

TY - GEN

T1 - The effects of sand dune and hill running on lower limb kinematics and running speed in elite sprinters.

AU - Harrison, Andrew

AU - Jensen, Randall

AU - McCabe, Carla

PY - 2004

Y1 - 2004

N2 - The purpose of this study was to examine the technical adaptations used by elite sprinters when running on sand dunes compared with running on a grass surface of similar gradient. Seven elite sprinters were videotaped while running at maximum effort up inclined sand and grass surfaces. Sagittal plane kinematic data were obtained using two video cameras placed on either side of the subjects. The video sequences were analysed using the Peak Motus. video analysis system. The results indicated that sand running caused reductions in running speed, stride rate, stride length and thigh range of motion. Ground contact time of the foot was increased and the relative timing of stride events was also disrupted while running on sand and this suggests a greater muscle loading effect compared with running on grass.

AB - The purpose of this study was to examine the technical adaptations used by elite sprinters when running on sand dunes compared with running on a grass surface of similar gradient. Seven elite sprinters were videotaped while running at maximum effort up inclined sand and grass surfaces. Sagittal plane kinematic data were obtained using two video cameras placed on either side of the subjects. The video sequences were analysed using the Peak Motus. video analysis system. The results indicated that sand running caused reductions in running speed, stride rate, stride length and thigh range of motion. Ground contact time of the foot was increased and the relative timing of stride events was also disrupted while running on sand and this suggests a greater muscle loading effect compared with running on grass.

KW - Velocity

KW - Technique

KW - Running surface

M3 - Conference contribution

SN - 0-88927-318-9

SP - 87

EP - 90

BT - Unknown Host Publication

A2 - Lamontagne, Mario

A2 - Gordon, D

A2 - Robertson, E

A2 - Sveistrup, Heidi

ER -

Harrison A, Jensen R, McCabe C. The effects of sand dune and hill running on lower limb kinematics and running speed in elite sprinters. In Lamontagne M, Gordon D, Robertson E, Sveistrup H, editors, Unknown Host Publication. 2004. p. 87-90