The effect of walking on risk factors for cardiovascular disease: An updated systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised control trials

Elaine Murtagh, Linda Nichols, Mohammed Mohammed, Alan Nevill, Marie Murphy, Roger Holder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

89 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective. To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised control trials that examined theeffect of walking on risk factors for cardiovascular disease.Methods. Four electronic databases and reference lists were searched (Jan 1971–June 2012). Two authorsidentified randomised control trials of interventions ≥4 weeks in duration that included at least one groupwith walking as the only treatment and a no-exercise comparator group. Participants were inactive at baseline.Pooled results were reported as weighted mean treatment effects and 95% confidence intervals using a random effects model.Results. 32 articles reported the effects of walking interventions on cardiovascular disease risk factors.Walking increased aerobic capacity (3.04 mL/kg/min, 95% CI 2.48 to 3.60) and reduced systolic (−3.58mmHg, 95% CI−5.19 to −1.97) and diastolic (−1.54 mm Hg, 95% CI −2.83 to −0.26) blood pressure, waist circumference (−1.51 cm, 95% CI −2.34 to −0.68), weight (−1.37 kg, 95% CI −1.75 to −1.00), percentage body fat (−1.22%, 95% CI −1.70 to −0.73) and body mass index (−0.53 kg/m2, 95% CI −0.72 to −0.35) but failed toalter blood lipids.Conclusions. Walking interventions improve many risk factors for cardiovascular disease.This underscores the central role of walking in physical activity for health promotion.
LanguageEnglish
Pages34-43
JournalPreventive Medicine
Volume72
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 8 Jan 2015

Fingerprint

Walking
Meta-Analysis
Cardiovascular Diseases
Waist Circumference
Health Promotion
Adipose Tissue
Body Mass Index
Databases
Confidence Intervals
Blood Pressure
Lipids
Weights and Measures

Keywords

  • physical activity
  • walking
  • cardiovascular risk
  • meta-analysis

Cite this

Murtagh, Elaine ; Nichols, Linda ; Mohammed, Mohammed ; Nevill, Alan ; Murphy, Marie ; Holder, Roger. / The effect of walking on risk factors for cardiovascular disease: An updated systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised control trials. In: Preventive Medicine. 2015 ; Vol. 72. pp. 34-43.
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The effect of walking on risk factors for cardiovascular disease: An updated systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised control trials. / Murtagh, Elaine; Nichols, Linda; Mohammed, Mohammed; Nevill, Alan; Murphy, Marie; Holder, Roger.

In: Preventive Medicine, Vol. 72, 08.01.2015, p. 34-43.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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