The effect of walking on fitness, fatness and resting blood pressure: A meta-analysis of randomised, controlled trials

Marie Murphy, A NEVILL, E MURTAGH, R HOLDER

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

191 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective. The purpose of this review was to perform a meta-analysis on walking intervention studies in order to quantify the magnitude anddirection of walking-induced changes that may alter selected cardiovascular risk factors.Method. Twenty-four randomised controlled trials of walking were assessed for quality on a three-point scale. Data from these studies werepooled and treatment effects (TEs) were calculated for six traditional cardiovascular risk variables: body weight, body mass index (BMI),percentage body fat, aerobic fitness (VO2 max in ml kg−1 min−1) and resting systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Weighted TEs were analysedusing a random effects model with weights obtained using the inverse of the individual TE variances. Random effects models were used toinvestigate the influence of both study quality and exercise volume (
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)377-385
JournalPreventive Medicine
Volume44
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

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Keywords

  • Walking
  • Cardiovascular risk
  • Fitness
  • Blood pressure
  • Fatness
  • Meta-analysis

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