The effect of the diet on the iron status and incidence of anemia in pregnant women

L Ivanova, K Pentieva, S Petrova, K Vatralova, C Angelova, M Lipova, M Jantcheva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The influence of dietary intake during I and III trimester of pregnancy on iron status and anemia incidence [correction of prevalence] in 44 healthy pregnant women were studied. For evaluation of iron intake the probability approach calculations were used. Iron status was assessed by using multiple criteria--iron in serum, TIBC, transferrin saturation capacity and hemoglobin level. Iron deficient anemia is diagnosed in pregnant woman when hemoglobin level is less than 110 g/l and the least two of the other indices are abnormal. More than 70% of the women studied have low dietary intake of iron during pregnancy, but only 21% are anemic. The half of women with anemia are with iron deficient anemia. The results of iron intake may overestimate the risk of developing iron deficiency. Iron status during pregnancy is influenced by the dietary intake and diet structure, iron body stores and adaptive mechanisms.
LanguageEnglish
Pages6-8
JournalAkusherstvo i Ginekologiia
Volume34
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1995

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Anemia
Pregnant Women
Iron
Diet
Incidence
Hemoglobins
Dietary Iron
Pregnancy Trimesters
Pregnancy
Transferrin
Serum

Keywords

  • pregnant women
  • dietary intake
  • serum iron
  • transferrin saturation capacity
  • hemoglobin

Cite this

Ivanova, L., Pentieva, K., Petrova, S., Vatralova, K., Angelova, C., Lipova, M., & Jantcheva, M. (1995). The effect of the diet on the iron status and incidence of anemia in pregnant women. Akusherstvo i Ginekologiia, 34(1), 6-8.
Ivanova, L ; Pentieva, K ; Petrova, S ; Vatralova, K ; Angelova, C ; Lipova, M ; Jantcheva, M. / The effect of the diet on the iron status and incidence of anemia in pregnant women. In: Akusherstvo i Ginekologiia. 1995 ; Vol. 34, No. 1. pp. 6-8.
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Ivanova, L, Pentieva, K, Petrova, S, Vatralova, K, Angelova, C, Lipova, M & Jantcheva, M 1995, 'The effect of the diet on the iron status and incidence of anemia in pregnant women', Akusherstvo i Ginekologiia, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 6-8.

The effect of the diet on the iron status and incidence of anemia in pregnant women. / Ivanova, L; Pentieva, K; Petrova, S; Vatralova, K; Angelova, C; Lipova, M; Jantcheva, M.

In: Akusherstvo i Ginekologiia, Vol. 34, No. 1, 1995, p. 6-8.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effect of the diet on the iron status and incidence of anemia in pregnant women

AU - Ivanova, L

AU - Pentieva, K

AU - Petrova, S

AU - Vatralova, K

AU - Angelova, C

AU - Lipova, M

AU - Jantcheva, M

PY - 1995

Y1 - 1995

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AB - The influence of dietary intake during I and III trimester of pregnancy on iron status and anemia incidence [correction of prevalence] in 44 healthy pregnant women were studied. For evaluation of iron intake the probability approach calculations were used. Iron status was assessed by using multiple criteria--iron in serum, TIBC, transferrin saturation capacity and hemoglobin level. Iron deficient anemia is diagnosed in pregnant woman when hemoglobin level is less than 110 g/l and the least two of the other indices are abnormal. More than 70% of the women studied have low dietary intake of iron during pregnancy, but only 21% are anemic. The half of women with anemia are with iron deficient anemia. The results of iron intake may overestimate the risk of developing iron deficiency. Iron status during pregnancy is influenced by the dietary intake and diet structure, iron body stores and adaptive mechanisms.

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KW - dietary intake

KW - serum iron

KW - transferrin saturation capacity

KW - hemoglobin

M3 - Article

VL - 34

SP - 6

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JO - Akusherstvo i Ginekologiia

T2 - Akusherstvo i Ginekologiia

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Ivanova L, Pentieva K, Petrova S, Vatralova K, Angelova C, Lipova M et al. The effect of the diet on the iron status and incidence of anemia in pregnant women. Akusherstvo i Ginekologiia. 1995;34(1):6-8.