The effect of dielectric barrier discharge configuration on the surface modificationof aromatic polymers

DJ Upadhyay, N-Y Cui, BJ Meenan, NMD Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Here, we report on the oxygenation and roughness features of polystyrene and polyethylene terephthalate films, induced by air dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) processing using different electrode–platen configurations. The combinations of triple electrode–platen used were stainless steel wire electrodes–rubber platen (WE–RP), ceramic electrodes–aluminium platen (CE–AP) and quartz electrodes–aluminium platen (QE–AP). The degree of oxygenation of polymer surfaces achieved by processing in the QE–AP combination was comparatively higher (as observed by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy) than that for the other discharge configurations used. The surface roughness following DBD processing with the CE–AP set was found to be critically higher (by atomic force microscopy) than with the WE–RP and QE–AP combinations. We conclude that the localized physical damage of the polymer surface caused by the microfilaments present in the discharge can be avoided by suitably optimizing the experimental conditions, i.e. the appropriate use of electrode–platen system, the speed of processing (or residence time) and the operating power.
LanguageEnglish
Pages922-929
JournalJournal of Physics D: Applied Physics
Volume38
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2005

Fingerprint

platens
Aromatic polymers
Electrodes
electrodes
polymers
configurations
Aluminum
Quartz
aluminum
Oxygenation
quartz
oxygenation
Rubber
Processing
rubber
Polymers
Surface roughness
wire
Wire
ceramics

Cite this

@article{ac0c070bd21844289f93e9a28b967e69,
title = "The effect of dielectric barrier discharge configuration on the surface modificationof aromatic polymers",
abstract = "Here, we report on the oxygenation and roughness features of polystyrene and polyethylene terephthalate films, induced by air dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) processing using different electrode–platen configurations. The combinations of triple electrode–platen used were stainless steel wire electrodes–rubber platen (WE–RP), ceramic electrodes–aluminium platen (CE–AP) and quartz electrodes–aluminium platen (QE–AP). The degree of oxygenation of polymer surfaces achieved by processing in the QE–AP combination was comparatively higher (as observed by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy) than that for the other discharge configurations used. The surface roughness following DBD processing with the CE–AP set was found to be critically higher (by atomic force microscopy) than with the WE–RP and QE–AP combinations. We conclude that the localized physical damage of the polymer surface caused by the microfilaments present in the discharge can be avoided by suitably optimizing the experimental conditions, i.e. the appropriate use of electrode–platen system, the speed of processing (or residence time) and the operating power.",
author = "DJ Upadhyay and N-Y Cui and BJ Meenan and NMD Brown",
note = "Reference text: [1] Moosheimer U and Bichler Ch 1999 Surf. Coat. Technol. 116–119 812 [2] Marchant R 1992 Process for producing hydroxylated plasma-polymerized films and the use of the films for enhancing the compatibility of biomedical implants US Patent 5,112,457 [3] Matienzo L, Blackwell K, Egitto F and Knoll A 2001 Method of forming adherent metal components on a polyimide substrate US Patent 6,184,076 [4] Li K and Tanielian M 2004 Process for sterilization using an atmospheric pressure glow discharge plasma source US Patent 6,730,238 [5] Selitser S 2004 Atmospheric pressure inductive plasma apparatus US Patent 6,686,558 [6] Berry I, Janos A and Colson M 2003 Dielectric barrier discharge apparatus and process for treating a substrate US Patent 6,664,737 [7] Akahori T 2004 Plasma deposition method and system US Patent 6,767,829 [8] Ward L, SchofieldW, Badyal J, Goodwin A and Merlin P 2003 Chem. Mater. 15 1466 [9] Guimond S, Radu I, Czeremuszkin G, Carlsson D and Wertheimer M 2002 Plasma Polym. 7 71 [10] Nozaki T, Unno Y, Miyazaki Y and Okazaki K 2001 15th International Symp. on Plasma Chemistry (Orleans-France) vol 1, p 77 [11] Upadhyay D J, Cui N, Anderson C A and Brown N M D 2004 Appl. Surf. Sci. 229 352 [12] Liu H Z, Cui N Y, Brown N M D and Meenan B J 2004 Surf. Coat. Technol. 185 311 [13] Upadhyay D J, Cui N, Anderson C A and Brown N M D 2004 Surf. Sci. 560 246 [14] Larsson A and Derand H 2002 J. Colloids Interface Sci. 246 214 [15] Hollander A and Behnisch J 2001 Surf. Coat. Technol.142–144 1074 [16] Greenwood O, Hopkins J and Badyal J 1997 Macromolecules 30 1091 [17] Greenwood O, Boyd R, Hopkins J and Badyal J 1995J. Adhesion Sci. Technol. 9 311 [18] Inagaki N, Narushima K and Lim S 2003 J. Appl. Polym. Sci.89 96 [19] Davies J, Nunnerley C S, Brisley A C, Sunderland R F,Edwards J C, Kruger P, Knes R, Paul A J and Hibbert S 2000 Colloids Surf. A: Phys. Eng. Asp. 174 287 [20] Zekonyte J, Erichsen J, Zaporojtchenko V and Faupel F 2003 Surf. Sci. 532–535 1040 [21] Tremblay M C and Paynter R W 2003 Surf. Interface Anal.35 502 [22] Gibalov V and Pietsch G 2000 J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 33 2618 928 The effect of DBD configuration on aromatic polymers [23] Zajdel A, Prokof’ev V, Raiskii S, Slavyni V and Shreider E 1970 Tables of Spectral Lines (New York: IFI/Plenum) [24] Zajdel A, Prokof’ev V and Raiskii S 1961 Tables of Spectral Lines 2nd edn (Berlin: WEB Verlag Technik) [25] Pearse R and Gaydon A 1976 The Identification of Molecular Spectra 4th edn (London: Chapman and Hall) [26] Suchard S 1975 Spectroscopic Data 1 (New York:IFI/Plenum) [27] Wenzel T 1949 J. Phys. Colloid Chem. 53 1466 [28] Cassie A 1948 Discuss. Faraday Soc. 3 11 [29] Upadhyay D J, Cui N, Anderson C A and Brown N M D 2005 Polym. Deg. Stabl. 87 33 929",
year = "2005",
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The effect of dielectric barrier discharge configuration on the surface modificationof aromatic polymers. / Upadhyay, DJ; Cui, N-Y; Meenan, BJ; Brown, NMD.

In: Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, Vol. 38, No. 6, 03.2005, p. 922-929.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effect of dielectric barrier discharge configuration on the surface modificationof aromatic polymers

AU - Upadhyay, DJ

AU - Cui, N-Y

AU - Meenan, BJ

AU - Brown, NMD

N1 - Reference text: [1] Moosheimer U and Bichler Ch 1999 Surf. Coat. Technol. 116–119 812 [2] Marchant R 1992 Process for producing hydroxylated plasma-polymerized films and the use of the films for enhancing the compatibility of biomedical implants US Patent 5,112,457 [3] Matienzo L, Blackwell K, Egitto F and Knoll A 2001 Method of forming adherent metal components on a polyimide substrate US Patent 6,184,076 [4] Li K and Tanielian M 2004 Process for sterilization using an atmospheric pressure glow discharge plasma source US Patent 6,730,238 [5] Selitser S 2004 Atmospheric pressure inductive plasma apparatus US Patent 6,686,558 [6] Berry I, Janos A and Colson M 2003 Dielectric barrier discharge apparatus and process for treating a substrate US Patent 6,664,737 [7] Akahori T 2004 Plasma deposition method and system US Patent 6,767,829 [8] Ward L, SchofieldW, Badyal J, Goodwin A and Merlin P 2003 Chem. Mater. 15 1466 [9] Guimond S, Radu I, Czeremuszkin G, Carlsson D and Wertheimer M 2002 Plasma Polym. 7 71 [10] Nozaki T, Unno Y, Miyazaki Y and Okazaki K 2001 15th International Symp. on Plasma Chemistry (Orleans-France) vol 1, p 77 [11] Upadhyay D J, Cui N, Anderson C A and Brown N M D 2004 Appl. Surf. Sci. 229 352 [12] Liu H Z, Cui N Y, Brown N M D and Meenan B J 2004 Surf. Coat. Technol. 185 311 [13] Upadhyay D J, Cui N, Anderson C A and Brown N M D 2004 Surf. Sci. 560 246 [14] Larsson A and Derand H 2002 J. Colloids Interface Sci. 246 214 [15] Hollander A and Behnisch J 2001 Surf. Coat. Technol.142–144 1074 [16] Greenwood O, Hopkins J and Badyal J 1997 Macromolecules 30 1091 [17] Greenwood O, Boyd R, Hopkins J and Badyal J 1995J. Adhesion Sci. Technol. 9 311 [18] Inagaki N, Narushima K and Lim S 2003 J. Appl. Polym. Sci.89 96 [19] Davies J, Nunnerley C S, Brisley A C, Sunderland R F,Edwards J C, Kruger P, Knes R, Paul A J and Hibbert S 2000 Colloids Surf. A: Phys. Eng. Asp. 174 287 [20] Zekonyte J, Erichsen J, Zaporojtchenko V and Faupel F 2003 Surf. Sci. 532–535 1040 [21] Tremblay M C and Paynter R W 2003 Surf. Interface Anal.35 502 [22] Gibalov V and Pietsch G 2000 J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 33 2618 928 The effect of DBD configuration on aromatic polymers [23] Zajdel A, Prokof’ev V, Raiskii S, Slavyni V and Shreider E 1970 Tables of Spectral Lines (New York: IFI/Plenum) [24] Zajdel A, Prokof’ev V and Raiskii S 1961 Tables of Spectral Lines 2nd edn (Berlin: WEB Verlag Technik) [25] Pearse R and Gaydon A 1976 The Identification of Molecular Spectra 4th edn (London: Chapman and Hall) [26] Suchard S 1975 Spectroscopic Data 1 (New York:IFI/Plenum) [27] Wenzel T 1949 J. Phys. Colloid Chem. 53 1466 [28] Cassie A 1948 Discuss. Faraday Soc. 3 11 [29] Upadhyay D J, Cui N, Anderson C A and Brown N M D 2005 Polym. Deg. Stabl. 87 33 929

PY - 2005/3

Y1 - 2005/3

N2 - Here, we report on the oxygenation and roughness features of polystyrene and polyethylene terephthalate films, induced by air dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) processing using different electrode–platen configurations. The combinations of triple electrode–platen used were stainless steel wire electrodes–rubber platen (WE–RP), ceramic electrodes–aluminium platen (CE–AP) and quartz electrodes–aluminium platen (QE–AP). The degree of oxygenation of polymer surfaces achieved by processing in the QE–AP combination was comparatively higher (as observed by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy) than that for the other discharge configurations used. The surface roughness following DBD processing with the CE–AP set was found to be critically higher (by atomic force microscopy) than with the WE–RP and QE–AP combinations. We conclude that the localized physical damage of the polymer surface caused by the microfilaments present in the discharge can be avoided by suitably optimizing the experimental conditions, i.e. the appropriate use of electrode–platen system, the speed of processing (or residence time) and the operating power.

AB - Here, we report on the oxygenation and roughness features of polystyrene and polyethylene terephthalate films, induced by air dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) processing using different electrode–platen configurations. The combinations of triple electrode–platen used were stainless steel wire electrodes–rubber platen (WE–RP), ceramic electrodes–aluminium platen (CE–AP) and quartz electrodes–aluminium platen (QE–AP). The degree of oxygenation of polymer surfaces achieved by processing in the QE–AP combination was comparatively higher (as observed by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy) than that for the other discharge configurations used. The surface roughness following DBD processing with the CE–AP set was found to be critically higher (by atomic force microscopy) than with the WE–RP and QE–AP combinations. We conclude that the localized physical damage of the polymer surface caused by the microfilaments present in the discharge can be avoided by suitably optimizing the experimental conditions, i.e. the appropriate use of electrode–platen system, the speed of processing (or residence time) and the operating power.

U2 - 10.1088/0022-3727/38/6/022

DO - 10.1088/0022-3727/38/6/022

M3 - Article

VL - 38

SP - 922

EP - 929

JO - Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics

T2 - Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics

JF - Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics

SN - 0022-3727

IS - 6

ER -