The effect of betaine and rumen undegradable choline on growth rate and feed efficiency in calves

Mikolaj A. Gralak, Violetta Naughton (nee Lesniewska), Ryszard Puchala, Wieslaw Barej, E Dymnicki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The experiment was performed on 30 Black-and-White Lowland calves of 87.0-90.3 kg body weight. The animals were divided into three groups fed meadow hay and a control granulated centrate - C, supplemented with 2.5% betaine - B (Betafin - Finnsugar Bioproducts, Helsinki, Finland) or with 2.25% choline chloride - CH (Prince Agri Products, Inc., Quincy, II, USA), which was equivalent to about 0.5% of the rumen undegradable choline. The daily body gain of animals fed the C diet and the B diet was the same, 0.849+ 0.029 kg, in calves of the CH group was 0.898+0.029 kg. The concentrate efficiency ratio was 3.06 + 0.097, 3.13+ 0.097 and 2.91+ 0.097 kg in the C, B and CH group, respectively. The relative growth rate was higher (P 0.10) in the CH group, reaching 131.7+1.40., 169.1+2.71 and 210.6 + 4.H4% of initial weight in the 5th, 10th and 15th weeks, respectively. The results achieved suggest that 0.5% rumen undegradable choline has a positive effect on production performance of half year old calves. In contrast, 2.5% betaine supplementation had no effect on production performance even though it was administered at 5-times higher levels than the rumen undegradable choline.
LanguageEnglish
Pages229-233
JournalJournal of Animal and Feed Sciences
Volume7
Issue number3-s
Publication statusPublished - 1998

Fingerprint

Betaine
Rumen
betaine
choline
Choline
rumen
feed conversion
calves
Growth
Diet
biobased products
Finland
diet
meadows
hay
lowlands
chlorides
concentrates
Body Weight
Weights and Measures

Keywords

  • calf
  • betaine
  • choline
  • growth rate

Cite this

Gralak, Mikolaj A. ; Naughton (nee Lesniewska), Violetta ; Puchala, Ryszard ; Barej, Wieslaw ; Dymnicki, E. / The effect of betaine and rumen undegradable choline on growth rate and feed efficiency in calves. In: Journal of Animal and Feed Sciences. 1998 ; Vol. 7, No. 3-s. pp. 229-233.
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The effect of betaine and rumen undegradable choline on growth rate and feed efficiency in calves. / Gralak, Mikolaj A.; Naughton (nee Lesniewska), Violetta; Puchala, Ryszard; Barej, Wieslaw; Dymnicki, E.

In: Journal of Animal and Feed Sciences, Vol. 7, No. 3-s, 1998, p. 229-233.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effect of betaine and rumen undegradable choline on growth rate and feed efficiency in calves

AU - Gralak, Mikolaj A.

AU - Naughton (nee Lesniewska), Violetta

AU - Puchala, Ryszard

AU - Barej, Wieslaw

AU - Dymnicki, E

PY - 1998

Y1 - 1998

N2 - The experiment was performed on 30 Black-and-White Lowland calves of 87.0-90.3 kg body weight. The animals were divided into three groups fed meadow hay and a control granulated centrate - C, supplemented with 2.5% betaine - B (Betafin - Finnsugar Bioproducts, Helsinki, Finland) or with 2.25% choline chloride - CH (Prince Agri Products, Inc., Quincy, II, USA), which was equivalent to about 0.5% of the rumen undegradable choline. The daily body gain of animals fed the C diet and the B diet was the same, 0.849+ 0.029 kg, in calves of the CH group was 0.898+0.029 kg. The concentrate efficiency ratio was 3.06 + 0.097, 3.13+ 0.097 and 2.91+ 0.097 kg in the C, B and CH group, respectively. The relative growth rate was higher (P 0.10) in the CH group, reaching 131.7+1.40., 169.1+2.71 and 210.6 + 4.H4% of initial weight in the 5th, 10th and 15th weeks, respectively. The results achieved suggest that 0.5% rumen undegradable choline has a positive effect on production performance of half year old calves. In contrast, 2.5% betaine supplementation had no effect on production performance even though it was administered at 5-times higher levels than the rumen undegradable choline.

AB - The experiment was performed on 30 Black-and-White Lowland calves of 87.0-90.3 kg body weight. The animals were divided into three groups fed meadow hay and a control granulated centrate - C, supplemented with 2.5% betaine - B (Betafin - Finnsugar Bioproducts, Helsinki, Finland) or with 2.25% choline chloride - CH (Prince Agri Products, Inc., Quincy, II, USA), which was equivalent to about 0.5% of the rumen undegradable choline. The daily body gain of animals fed the C diet and the B diet was the same, 0.849+ 0.029 kg, in calves of the CH group was 0.898+0.029 kg. The concentrate efficiency ratio was 3.06 + 0.097, 3.13+ 0.097 and 2.91+ 0.097 kg in the C, B and CH group, respectively. The relative growth rate was higher (P 0.10) in the CH group, reaching 131.7+1.40., 169.1+2.71 and 210.6 + 4.H4% of initial weight in the 5th, 10th and 15th weeks, respectively. The results achieved suggest that 0.5% rumen undegradable choline has a positive effect on production performance of half year old calves. In contrast, 2.5% betaine supplementation had no effect on production performance even though it was administered at 5-times higher levels than the rumen undegradable choline.

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JO - Journal of Animal and Feed Sciences

T2 - Journal of Animal and Feed Sciences

JF - Journal of Animal and Feed Sciences

SN - 1230-1388

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ER -