The early Ottomanization of urban Cyprus

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SUMMARY: In 1571, the Ottomans completed the conquest of Cyprus. In order to consolidate their new territory, the Ottomans introduced a policy of imperial control that was centred on local accommodation and negotiation to facilitate stable governance. This study examines the process of the conquest and the extent to which the conquest changed the character of the urban landscapes of Cyprus. Architecture and urban reshaping represented a central facet of this process of colonial change and introduced a new visual language of control and Islamic presence. Nicosia was established as an administrative provincial capital and underwent redevelopment that followed an urbanscape replicating core features of an Ottoman town. This pattern of redevelopment was replicated elsewhere across the island as its economic infrastructure was strengthened. However, this period remains contested within the context of contemporary conflict on the divided island.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-37
Number of pages17
JournalPost-Medieval Archaeology
Issue number1
Early online date27 Jun 2019
Publication statusPublished online - 27 Jun 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019, © Society for Post-Medieval Archaeology 2019.

Copyright 2019 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Cyprus
  • urban architecture
  • colonial
  • Conflict
  • Ottoman


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