The differing impacts of operational and financial slack on occupational safety in varying market conditions

Frank Wiengarten, Di Fan, Chris K.Y. Lo, Mark Pagell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Operations management scholars have long debated the right level of slack resources required to optimize a production system. Recent research suggests that the right level of operational slack, typically in the form of inventory, is very little but not none. However, this conclusion was reached without considering the role of slack resources in occupational safety, which is a critical oversight since the safety literature predicts that the reduction of operational slack harms workers. To address this gap, secondary data from 3945 publically listed U.S. firms is used to explore the role of operational and financial slack as well as market factors in occupational safety. The results show that decreasing operational slack harms workers and that this effect is mitigated when firms hold higher levels of financial slack. Furthermore, the external market environment also plays a crucial role in the operational slack – safety relationship.
LanguageEnglish
JournalThe differing impacts of operational and financial slack on occupational safety in varying market conditions
Volume0
Early online date20 Jan 2017
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 20 Jan 2017

Fingerprint

Occupational safety
Market conditions
Financial slack
Workers
Safety
Resources
Financial markets
Secondary data
Market factors
Market environment
Oversight
Operations management

Keywords

  • Occupational health and safety
  • Operational slack
  • Financial slack
  • Market environments
  • Secondary data

Cite this

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title = "The differing impacts of operational and financial slack on occupational safety in varying market conditions",
abstract = "Operations management scholars have long debated the right level of slack resources required to optimize a production system. Recent research suggests that the right level of operational slack, typically in the form of inventory, is very little but not none. However, this conclusion was reached without considering the role of slack resources in occupational safety, which is a critical oversight since the safety literature predicts that the reduction of operational slack harms workers. To address this gap, secondary data from 3945 publically listed U.S. firms is used to explore the role of operational and financial slack as well as market factors in occupational safety. The results show that decreasing operational slack harms workers and that this effect is mitigated when firms hold higher levels of financial slack. Furthermore, the external market environment also plays a crucial role in the operational slack – safety relationship.",
keywords = "Occupational health and safety, Operational slack, Financial slack, Market environments, Secondary data",
author = "Frank Wiengarten and Di Fan and Lo, {Chris K.Y.} and Mark Pagell",
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N2 - Operations management scholars have long debated the right level of slack resources required to optimize a production system. Recent research suggests that the right level of operational slack, typically in the form of inventory, is very little but not none. However, this conclusion was reached without considering the role of slack resources in occupational safety, which is a critical oversight since the safety literature predicts that the reduction of operational slack harms workers. To address this gap, secondary data from 3945 publically listed U.S. firms is used to explore the role of operational and financial slack as well as market factors in occupational safety. The results show that decreasing operational slack harms workers and that this effect is mitigated when firms hold higher levels of financial slack. Furthermore, the external market environment also plays a crucial role in the operational slack – safety relationship.

AB - Operations management scholars have long debated the right level of slack resources required to optimize a production system. Recent research suggests that the right level of operational slack, typically in the form of inventory, is very little but not none. However, this conclusion was reached without considering the role of slack resources in occupational safety, which is a critical oversight since the safety literature predicts that the reduction of operational slack harms workers. To address this gap, secondary data from 3945 publically listed U.S. firms is used to explore the role of operational and financial slack as well as market factors in occupational safety. The results show that decreasing operational slack harms workers and that this effect is mitigated when firms hold higher levels of financial slack. Furthermore, the external market environment also plays a crucial role in the operational slack – safety relationship.

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