The development of religious heritage tourism in Northern Ireland: Opportunities, benefits and obstacles

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Abstract

This paper examines the development of religious heritage tourism within Northern Ireland. Through the views of stakeholders the paper seeks to assess levels of demand and supply, the potential economic benefit this type of tourism opportunity provides and the practical realities of creating an stakeholder environment where high levels of collaboration exist. The findings of the study revealed a high level of cooperation exists within the industry, though the roles each sector can play need to be clearer. There is perhaps too much focus around the story of St Patrick, but that said it demonstrates potential for regional development to occur around that focus.
LanguageEnglish
Pages229-257
JournalTourism
Volume58
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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Stakeholders
Northern Ireland
Heritage tourism
Demand and supply
Industry
Economic benefits
Tourism
Regional development

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@article{ccab6740a6ae47f783319a18e235e48e,
title = "The development of religious heritage tourism in Northern Ireland: Opportunities, benefits and obstacles",
abstract = "This paper examines the development of religious heritage tourism within Northern Ireland. Through the views of stakeholders the paper seeks to assess levels of demand and supply, the potential economic benefit this type of tourism opportunity provides and the practical realities of creating an stakeholder environment where high levels of collaboration exist. The findings of the study revealed a high level of cooperation exists within the industry, though the roles each sector can play need to be clearer. There is perhaps too much focus around the story of St Patrick, but that said it demonstrates potential for regional development to occur around that focus.",
author = "Maria Simone-Charteris and Stephen Boyd",
note = "Reference text: Alderman, D.H. (2002). Writing on the Graceland Wall: on the Importance of Authorship in Pilgrimage Landscapes. Tourism Recreation Research, 27(2), 27-33. Andersson, T.D. & Getz, D. (2009). Tourism as a Mixed Industry: Diff erences between Private, Public and Not-for-Profi t Festivals. Tourism Management, 30(6), 847-856. Baum, G. (2000). Solidarity With the Poor. In S.M.P. Harper (Ed.), The Lab, the Temple, and the Market (pp. 123-135). Ottawa: International Development Research Centre. Blackwell, C. (1997). Tourism and cultural tourism: Some basic facts. Preservation Issues, 7(3). Retrieved June 28, 2004, from http://www.umsl.edu/services/library/ blackstudies/culttour. htm. Blasi, A.J. (2002). Visitation to Disaster Sites. In W.H. Swatos & L. Tomasi (Eds.), From Medieval Pilgrimage to Religious Tourism (pp. 139-155). Westport, CT: Praeger. Boyd, S.W. (2000). “Heritage” Tourism in Northern Ireland: Opportunity Under Peace. Current Issues in Tourism, 3(2), 150-174. Buckley, P. & Klemm, M. (1993). The Decline of Tourism in Northern Ireland: the Causes. Tourism Management, 14(3), 184-194. References 253 TOURISM ORIGINAL SCIENTIFIC PAPER M. T. Simone-Charteris & S. W. Boyd Vol. 58 No 3/ 2010/ 229-257 Casson, L. (1974). Travel in the Ancient World. London: Allen and Unwin. Christian Heritage (2010). Retrieved September 19, 2010, from http://www.discovernorthernireland. com/Christian-Heritage-A2102. CogentSI (2007). Tourism in the Northern Ireland Economy. Report commissioned by Department of Enterprise, Trade and Investment (DETI) and the Northern Ireland Tourist Board. Belfast: NITB. Collins-Kreiner, N. & Gatrell, J.D. (2006). Tourism, Heritage and Pilgrimage: The Case of Haifa�s Bah{\'a}�{\'i} Gardens. Journal of Heritage Tourism, 1(1), 32-50. Conran, T. (2002). Solemn Witness: A Pilgrimage to Ground Zero at the World Trade Centre. Journal of Systemic Therapies, 21(3), 39-47. Devine, A. & Connor, R. (2005, June). Cultural Tourism – Promoting Diversity in the Aftermath of Confl ict. Paper Presented at the Tourism and Hospitality Research in Ireland: Exploring the Issues Conference, University of Ulster, Portrush. Digance, J. (2003). Pilgrimage at Contested Sites. Annals of Tourism Research, 30(1), 143-159. Din, K. (1989). Islam and Tourism: Patterns, Issues and Options. Annals of Tourism Research, 16(4), 542-563. Dredge, D. (2006). Policy Networks and the Local Organization of Tourism. Tourism Management, 27(2), 269-280. Fayos-Sol{\'a}, E. (1996). Tourism Policy: a Midsummer Night's Dream? Tourism Management, 17(6), 405-412. Fifteen March 2010 - Funding Boost for the Saint Patrick Story (2010). Retrieved September 21, 2010, from http://www.northernireland.gov.uk/news/news-deti/news-deti-march-2010/ news-deti-150310-funding-boost-for.htm. Fleischer, A. (2000). The Tourist behind the Pilgrim in the Holy Land. Hospitality Management, 19(3), 311-326. Gammon, S. (2004). Secular Pilgrimage and Sport Tourism. In B.W. Ritchie & D. Adair (Eds.), Sport Tourism: Interrelationships, Impacts and Issues (pp. 57-70). Clevedon: Channel View. Graham, B.J. (1994). Heritage Conservation and Revisionist Nationalism in Ireland. In G.J. Ashworth & P. Larkham (Eds.), Building a New Heritage: Tourism, Culture and Identity in the New Europe (pp. 135-158). London: Routledge. Griffi n, C., McGettigan, F. & Candon, F. (2009). The Role of Lough Derg Penitential Site in the Development of a Spiritual Tourism Strategy for the West and North West Regions of Ireland. In A. Trono (Ed.), Tourism, Religion & Culture: Regional Development through Meaningful Tourism Experiences (pp. 329-346). Lecce: Mario Congedo Publisher. Griffi n, K.A. (2007). The Globalization of Pilgrimage Tourism. In R. Raj & N.D. Morpeth (Eds.), Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage Management: An International Perspective (pp. 22-30). Oxfordshire: CABI. Guth, K. (1995). Pilgrimages in Contemporary Europe: Signs of National and Universal Culture. History of European Ideas, 20(4-6), 821-835. Hall, C.M. (2002). ANZAC Day and Secular Pilgrimage. Tourism Recreation Research, 27(2), 87-91. Hall, C.M. (2006). Travel and Journeying on the Sea of Faith: Perspectives from Religious Humanism. In D.J. Timothy & D.H. Olsen (Eds.), Tourism, Religion & Spiritual Journeys (pp. 64-77). Oxford: Routledge. Hassan, S.S. (2000). Determinants of Market Competitiveness in an Environmentally Sustainable Tourism Industry. Journal of Travel Research, 38(3), 239-245. 254 TOURISM ORIGINAL SCIENTIFIC PAPER M. T. Simone-Charteris & S. W. Boyd Vol. 58 No 3/ 2010/ 229-257 Heelas, P. (1998). Introduction: On Diff erentiation and Dediff erentiation. In P. Heelas (Ed.), Religion, Modernity and Postmodernity (pp. 1-17). Oxford: Blackwell. Hemmington, N. (1999). Sampling. In B. Brotherton (Ed.), The Contemporary Hospitality Management Research (pp. 235-244). New York: Wiley. Herbert, D. 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Koppman (Eds.), Reclaiming the Spiritual in Art (pp. 36-48). Albany: State University of New York Press. Knoke, D. & Kuklinski, J. (1983). Network Analysis. Los Angeles: Sage. Lennon, J. & Foley, M. (2000). Dark Tourism: the Attractions of Death and Disaster. London: Continuum. Lloyd, D.W. (1998). Battlefi eld Tourism. New York: Berg. Major European Seminar on Religious Heritage Tourism (2010). Retrieved September 20, 2010, from http://www.lookwest.ie/news/partner-news/16-partner-news/343--major-europeanseminar- on-religious-heritage-tourism. McKercher, B. & du Cros, H. (2002). Cultural Tourism: the Partnership Between Tourism and Cultural Heritage Management. Binghamton, NY: The Haworth Hospitality Press. Morinis, E.A. (1992). Introduction: the Territory of the Anthropology of Pilgrimage. In E. A. Morinis (Ed.), Sacred Journeys: the Anthropology of Pilgrimage (pp. 1-14). Westport, CT: Greenwood. Moscardo, G. (2000). Cultural and Heritage Tourism: the Great Debates. In B. Faulkner, G. 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Commercialization of Religious Objects: a Comparison between Traditional and New Age Religions. Social Compass, 50(3), 345-360. Zelinsky, W. (1990). Nationalistic Pilgrimages in the United States. In G. Rinschede & S.M. Bhardwaj (Eds.), Pilgrimage in the United States (pp. 105-120). Berlin: Dietrich Reimer Verlag. Submitted: 04/20/2010 Accepted: 11/04/2010",
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TY - JOUR

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AU - Simone-Charteris, Maria

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N1 - Reference text: Alderman, D.H. (2002). Writing on the Graceland Wall: on the Importance of Authorship in Pilgrimage Landscapes. Tourism Recreation Research, 27(2), 27-33. Andersson, T.D. & Getz, D. (2009). Tourism as a Mixed Industry: Diff erences between Private, Public and Not-for-Profi t Festivals. Tourism Management, 30(6), 847-856. Baum, G. (2000). Solidarity With the Poor. In S.M.P. Harper (Ed.), The Lab, the Temple, and the Market (pp. 123-135). Ottawa: International Development Research Centre. Blackwell, C. (1997). Tourism and cultural tourism: Some basic facts. Preservation Issues, 7(3). Retrieved June 28, 2004, from http://www.umsl.edu/services/library/ blackstudies/culttour. htm. Blasi, A.J. (2002). Visitation to Disaster Sites. In W.H. Swatos & L. Tomasi (Eds.), From Medieval Pilgrimage to Religious Tourism (pp. 139-155). Westport, CT: Praeger. Boyd, S.W. (2000). “Heritage” Tourism in Northern Ireland: Opportunity Under Peace. Current Issues in Tourism, 3(2), 150-174. Buckley, P. & Klemm, M. (1993). The Decline of Tourism in Northern Ireland: the Causes. Tourism Management, 14(3), 184-194. References 253 TOURISM ORIGINAL SCIENTIFIC PAPER M. T. Simone-Charteris & S. W. Boyd Vol. 58 No 3/ 2010/ 229-257 Casson, L. (1974). Travel in the Ancient World. London: Allen and Unwin. Christian Heritage (2010). Retrieved September 19, 2010, from http://www.discovernorthernireland. com/Christian-Heritage-A2102. CogentSI (2007). Tourism in the Northern Ireland Economy. Report commissioned by Department of Enterprise, Trade and Investment (DETI) and the Northern Ireland Tourist Board. Belfast: NITB. Collins-Kreiner, N. & Gatrell, J.D. (2006). Tourism, Heritage and Pilgrimage: The Case of Haifa�s Bahá�í Gardens. Journal of Heritage Tourism, 1(1), 32-50. Conran, T. (2002). Solemn Witness: A Pilgrimage to Ground Zero at the World Trade Centre. Journal of Systemic Therapies, 21(3), 39-47. Devine, A. & Connor, R. (2005, June). Cultural Tourism – Promoting Diversity in the Aftermath of Confl ict. Paper Presented at the Tourism and Hospitality Research in Ireland: Exploring the Issues Conference, University of Ulster, Portrush. Digance, J. (2003). Pilgrimage at Contested Sites. Annals of Tourism Research, 30(1), 143-159. Din, K. (1989). Islam and Tourism: Patterns, Issues and Options. Annals of Tourism Research, 16(4), 542-563. Dredge, D. (2006). Policy Networks and the Local Organization of Tourism. Tourism Management, 27(2), 269-280. Fayos-Solá, E. (1996). Tourism Policy: a Midsummer Night's Dream? Tourism Management, 17(6), 405-412. Fifteen March 2010 - Funding Boost for the Saint Patrick Story (2010). Retrieved September 21, 2010, from http://www.northernireland.gov.uk/news/news-deti/news-deti-march-2010/ news-deti-150310-funding-boost-for.htm. Fleischer, A. (2000). The Tourist behind the Pilgrim in the Holy Land. Hospitality Management, 19(3), 311-326. Gammon, S. (2004). Secular Pilgrimage and Sport Tourism. In B.W. Ritchie & D. Adair (Eds.), Sport Tourism: Interrelationships, Impacts and Issues (pp. 57-70). Clevedon: Channel View. Graham, B.J. (1994). Heritage Conservation and Revisionist Nationalism in Ireland. In G.J. Ashworth & P. Larkham (Eds.), Building a New Heritage: Tourism, Culture and Identity in the New Europe (pp. 135-158). London: Routledge. Griffi n, C., McGettigan, F. & Candon, F. (2009). The Role of Lough Derg Penitential Site in the Development of a Spiritual Tourism Strategy for the West and North West Regions of Ireland. In A. Trono (Ed.), Tourism, Religion & Culture: Regional Development through Meaningful Tourism Experiences (pp. 329-346). Lecce: Mario Congedo Publisher. Griffi n, K.A. (2007). The Globalization of Pilgrimage Tourism. In R. Raj & N.D. Morpeth (Eds.), Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage Management: An International Perspective (pp. 22-30). Oxfordshire: CABI. Guth, K. (1995). Pilgrimages in Contemporary Europe: Signs of National and Universal Culture. History of European Ideas, 20(4-6), 821-835. Hall, C.M. (2002). ANZAC Day and Secular Pilgrimage. Tourism Recreation Research, 27(2), 87-91. Hall, C.M. (2006). Travel and Journeying on the Sea of Faith: Perspectives from Religious Humanism. In D.J. Timothy & D.H. Olsen (Eds.), Tourism, Religion & Spiritual Journeys (pp. 64-77). Oxford: Routledge. Hassan, S.S. (2000). Determinants of Market Competitiveness in an Environmentally Sustainable Tourism Industry. Journal of Travel Research, 38(3), 239-245. 254 TOURISM ORIGINAL SCIENTIFIC PAPER M. T. Simone-Charteris & S. W. Boyd Vol. 58 No 3/ 2010/ 229-257 Heelas, P. (1998). Introduction: On Diff erentiation and Dediff erentiation. In P. Heelas (Ed.), Religion, Modernity and Postmodernity (pp. 1-17). Oxford: Blackwell. Hemmington, N. (1999). Sampling. In B. Brotherton (Ed.), The Contemporary Hospitality Management Research (pp. 235-244). New York: Wiley. Herbert, D. 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Commercialization of Religious Objects: a Comparison between Traditional and New Age Religions. Social Compass, 50(3), 345-360. Zelinsky, W. (1990). Nationalistic Pilgrimages in the United States. In G. Rinschede & S.M. Bhardwaj (Eds.), Pilgrimage in the United States (pp. 105-120). Berlin: Dietrich Reimer Verlag. Submitted: 04/20/2010 Accepted: 11/04/2010

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - This paper examines the development of religious heritage tourism within Northern Ireland. Through the views of stakeholders the paper seeks to assess levels of demand and supply, the potential economic benefit this type of tourism opportunity provides and the practical realities of creating an stakeholder environment where high levels of collaboration exist. The findings of the study revealed a high level of cooperation exists within the industry, though the roles each sector can play need to be clearer. There is perhaps too much focus around the story of St Patrick, but that said it demonstrates potential for regional development to occur around that focus.

AB - This paper examines the development of religious heritage tourism within Northern Ireland. Through the views of stakeholders the paper seeks to assess levels of demand and supply, the potential economic benefit this type of tourism opportunity provides and the practical realities of creating an stakeholder environment where high levels of collaboration exist. The findings of the study revealed a high level of cooperation exists within the industry, though the roles each sector can play need to be clearer. There is perhaps too much focus around the story of St Patrick, but that said it demonstrates potential for regional development to occur around that focus.

M3 - Article

VL - 58

SP - 229

EP - 257

JO - Tourism

T2 - Tourism

JF - Tourism

SN - 1332-7461

IS - 3

ER -