The Critically Endangered Flapper Skate (Dipturus intermedius): Recommendations from the first Flapper Skate Working Group Meeting

Amy Garbett, Natasha Phillips, Jonathan Houghton, Paulo Prodöhl, James Thorburn, Sophie Loca, Lawrence Eagling, Gary Hannon, Daniel Wise, Liz Pothanikat, Cat Gordon, Maurice Clarke, Peter Williams, Rebecca Hunter, Ronan McShane, Aafke Brader, Jane Dodd, C McGonigle, Heidi McIlvenny, Olivia DalyRoland Surgenor, Sarah Varian, Peter Verhoog, Gijs Van Zonneveld, Lylian Burke, Ian Davies, Terri Souster, Paul Mayo, Tanja Schwanck, Catherine Jones, Patrick Collins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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The flapper skate, Dipturus intermedius (Parnell, 1837), is the largest of all European skate and rays (Superorder: Batoidea). It is found in coastal waters of the European continental shelf and slopes in the North-East (NE) Atlantic. With the 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species classification of ‘common skate’ as Critically Endangered, and the recognition in 2010 that this name masked two species (flapper skate and blue skate D. batis (Linnaeus, 1758)), and to better support conservation on this regional scale, the Flapper Skate Working Group
(SWG) was formed. The SWG is a consortium of government, NGOs, sport-fishing associates and academics, including participants from the UK, Ireland and the Netherlands. The purpose of the SWG is to consolidate relevant research, advocacy and policy expertize for the purpose of flapper skate conservation. The first SWG workshop took place in Belfast, November 2019, with discussions focussed on conservation in the NE Atlantic. Following two days of talks,
workshops and discussions, we present the SWG’s key recommendations for future collaborative conservation.
Original languageEnglish
Article number104367
Number of pages5
JournalMarine Policy
Early online date21 Dec 2020
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 28 Feb 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This manuscript presents the findings of the first Flapper Skate Working Group 2019 held in Belfast, Northern Ireland, as part of the SeaMonitor project. SeaMonitor is supported by the European Union’s INTERREG VA Programme (Environment Theme), managed by the Special EU Programmes Body (SEUPB). Project ID IVA5060 . We want to acknowledge A. Hood, P. Wright and K. Armstrong for comments, suggestions and feedback on the manuscript.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier Ltd

Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Common skate
  • Flapper skate
  • Regional conservation
  • Recommendation
  • Conservation management
  • IUCN red list


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