The contrast sensitivity function for detection and resolution of blue-on-yellow gratings in foveal and peripheral vision

Roger Anderson, Margarita Vidinova, Raymond Beirne

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6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Previous studies using polychromatic gratings have shown that the peripheral grating contrast sensitivity function is significantly different when the task is resolution rather than detection. Specifically, in the middle frequency range, while resolution acuity drops suddenly to zero, detection performance continues up to much higher frequencies, accompanied by observations of aliasing. We wanted to determine if the same holds true for blue-cone isolating gratings in either foveal or peripheral vision. Contrast sensitivity function (CSFs) were measured at the fovea and 20 degrees eccentricity in the temporal retina under conditions of short-wavelength-sensitive (SWS)-cone pathway isolation using a two-alternative forced choice paradigm. The detection and resolution CSF were identical at the low frequency end but at higher frequencies resolution sensitivity falls abruptly while contrast detection remained possible till higher frequencies [cut-off frequencies: fovea detection 6.0 cyc/deg, resolution 4.6 cyc/deg; periphery detection 1.6 cyc/deg, resolution 1.05 cyc/deg]. Aliasing was observable when spatial frequency exceeded the resolution limit. Medium/high contrast blue-cone-mediated resolution acuity is sampling limited in both the fovea and periphery. Previous studies of blue-cone contrast sensitivity which employed a detection task do not reflect the true resolution limit.
LanguageEnglish
Pages420-426
JournalOPHTHALMIC AND PHYSIOLOGICAL OPTICS
Volume22
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2002

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peripheral vision
gratings
fovea
cones
acuity
retina
eccentricity
isolation
cut-off

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title = "The contrast sensitivity function for detection and resolution of blue-on-yellow gratings in foveal and peripheral vision",
abstract = "Previous studies using polychromatic gratings have shown that the peripheral grating contrast sensitivity function is significantly different when the task is resolution rather than detection. Specifically, in the middle frequency range, while resolution acuity drops suddenly to zero, detection performance continues up to much higher frequencies, accompanied by observations of aliasing. We wanted to determine if the same holds true for blue-cone isolating gratings in either foveal or peripheral vision. Contrast sensitivity function (CSFs) were measured at the fovea and 20 degrees eccentricity in the temporal retina under conditions of short-wavelength-sensitive (SWS)-cone pathway isolation using a two-alternative forced choice paradigm. The detection and resolution CSF were identical at the low frequency end but at higher frequencies resolution sensitivity falls abruptly while contrast detection remained possible till higher frequencies [cut-off frequencies: fovea detection 6.0 cyc/deg, resolution 4.6 cyc/deg; periphery detection 1.6 cyc/deg, resolution 1.05 cyc/deg]. Aliasing was observable when spatial frequency exceeded the resolution limit. Medium/high contrast blue-cone-mediated resolution acuity is sampling limited in both the fovea and periphery. Previous studies of blue-cone contrast sensitivity which employed a detection task do not reflect the true resolution limit.",
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AU - Anderson, Roger

AU - Vidinova, Margarita

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AB - Previous studies using polychromatic gratings have shown that the peripheral grating contrast sensitivity function is significantly different when the task is resolution rather than detection. Specifically, in the middle frequency range, while resolution acuity drops suddenly to zero, detection performance continues up to much higher frequencies, accompanied by observations of aliasing. We wanted to determine if the same holds true for blue-cone isolating gratings in either foveal or peripheral vision. Contrast sensitivity function (CSFs) were measured at the fovea and 20 degrees eccentricity in the temporal retina under conditions of short-wavelength-sensitive (SWS)-cone pathway isolation using a two-alternative forced choice paradigm. The detection and resolution CSF were identical at the low frequency end but at higher frequencies resolution sensitivity falls abruptly while contrast detection remained possible till higher frequencies [cut-off frequencies: fovea detection 6.0 cyc/deg, resolution 4.6 cyc/deg; periphery detection 1.6 cyc/deg, resolution 1.05 cyc/deg]. Aliasing was observable when spatial frequency exceeded the resolution limit. Medium/high contrast blue-cone-mediated resolution acuity is sampling limited in both the fovea and periphery. Previous studies of blue-cone contrast sensitivity which employed a detection task do not reflect the true resolution limit.

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JO - Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics: the Journal of the College of Optometrists

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