The co-occurrence of PTSD and dissociation: differentiating severe PTSD from dissociative-PTSD

Cherie Armour, Karen-Inge Karstoft, J. Don Richardson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Citations (Scopus)
18 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Purpose
A dissociative-posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) subtype has been included in the DSM-5. However, it is not yet clear whether certain socio-demographic characteristics or psychological/clinical constructs such as comorbid psychopathology differentiate between severe PTSD and dissociative-PTSD. The current study investigated the existence of a dissociative-PTSD subtype and explored whether a number of trauma and clinical covariates could differentiate between severe PTSD alone and dissociative-PTSD.
Methods
The current study utilized a sample of 432 treatment seeking Canadian military veterans. Participants were assessed with the Clinician Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS) and self-report measures of traumatic life events, depression, and anxiety. CAPS severity scores were created reflecting the sum of the frequency and intensity items from each of the 17 PTSD and 3 dissociation items. The CAPS severity scores were used as indicators in a latent profile analysis (LPA) to investigate the existence of a dissociative-PTSD subtype. Subsequently, several covariates were added to the model to explore differences between severe PTSD alone and dissociative-PTSD.
Results
The LPA identified five classes: one of which constituted a severe PTSD group (30.5 %), and one of which constituted a dissociative-PTSD group (13.7 %). None of the included, demographic, trauma, or clinical covariates were significantly predictive of membership in the dissociative-PTSD group compared to the severe PTSD group.
Conclusions
In conclusion, a significant proportion of individuals report high levels of dissociation alongside their PTSD, which constitutes a dissociative-PTSD subtype. Further investigation is needed to identify which factors may increase or decrease the likelihood of membership in a dissociative-PTSD subtype group compared to a severe PTSD only group.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1297-1306
Number of pages9
JournalSocial Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Volume49
Issue number8
Early online date21 Jan 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Aug 2014

Keywords

  • Posttraumatic stress disorder
  • Dissociation
  • Dissociative subtype
  • CAPS
  • LPA
  • Veterans
  • Canadian

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