The co-construction of new policy-spaces for state third sector engagement: an exploration of third sector agency in austerity driven welfare states

Nicholas Acheson

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Abstract

    This paper argues that changes currently underway in how governments seek to manage welfare provision at a time of falling budgets is changing the options that are available to TSOs in navigating these welfare spaces. Drawing on emerging evidence of changes within the policy field of supported housing in Northern Ireland, it argues that a model in which government has sought to deal with the third sector as it finds it, based on an acknowledgement that TSOs, while valuable for public policy delivery, emerge from organic processes within civil society itself, is being replaced by a attempts to design a sector specifically organized to deliver public services according to strictly predetermined policy priorities. We see the formation of a view within government that conceives of partnership as a matter of resource acquisition for the better achievement of government objectives. Talk of partnership is a misnomer. This new environment is closer to a grab for the resources that TSOs can offer whether these are legitimacy or expertise, or gains in efficiency. The paper seeks to explore the complex relationship between institutional histories of state third sector relations, the narratives of change available to TSOs and the webs of belief that underpin their interpretations of their interests. How come, the paper asks, do TSOs end up co-constructing policy regimes that systematically close off possible futures?
    LanguageEnglish
    Title of host publicationUnknown Host Publication
    Pages1-28
    Number of pages28
    Publication statusPublished - 11 Jul 2012
    EventInternational Society for Third Sector Rersearch: Democratization, Marketization and the Third Sector - Siena, Italy
    Duration: 11 Jul 2012 → …

    Conference

    ConferenceInternational Society for Third Sector Rersearch: Democratization, Marketization and the Third Sector
    Period11/07/12 → …

    Fingerprint

    welfare state
    welfare
    resources
    public service
    civil society
    legitimacy
    budget
    expertise
    public policy
    housing
    narrative
    efficiency
    interpretation
    history
    evidence

    Cite this

    @inproceedings{30bb84e51c754b2582a19380f0d9efbc,
    title = "The co-construction of new policy-spaces for state third sector engagement: an exploration of third sector agency in austerity driven welfare states",
    abstract = "This paper argues that changes currently underway in how governments seek to manage welfare provision at a time of falling budgets is changing the options that are available to TSOs in navigating these welfare spaces. Drawing on emerging evidence of changes within the policy field of supported housing in Northern Ireland, it argues that a model in which government has sought to deal with the third sector as it finds it, based on an acknowledgement that TSOs, while valuable for public policy delivery, emerge from organic processes within civil society itself, is being replaced by a attempts to design a sector specifically organized to deliver public services according to strictly predetermined policy priorities. We see the formation of a view within government that conceives of partnership as a matter of resource acquisition for the better achievement of government objectives. Talk of partnership is a misnomer. This new environment is closer to a grab for the resources that TSOs can offer whether these are legitimacy or expertise, or gains in efficiency. The paper seeks to explore the complex relationship between institutional histories of state third sector relations, the narratives of change available to TSOs and the webs of belief that underpin their interpretations of their interests. How come, the paper asks, do TSOs end up co-constructing policy regimes that systematically close off possible futures?",
    author = "Nicholas Acheson",
    note = "Reference text: Acheson, N, B. Harvey, J. Kearney, A. Williamson (2004) Two Paths One Purpose: Voluntary Action in Ireland, North and South, Dublin: Institute of Public Administration Acheson, N., C. Milofsky (2008) ‘Peace Building and Participation in Northern Ireland: Local Social Movements and the Policy Process since the ‘Good Friday’ Agreement’, Ethnopolitics 7, 1 Acheson, N. (2010) Welfare State Reform, compacts and restructuring relations between the state and the voluntary sector: reflections on Northern Ireland experience. Voluntary Sector Review: an international journal of third sector research, policy and practice, 1 (2) 175-192 Alcock, P. (2010) ‘A Strategic Unity: Defining the Third Sector in the UK’, Voluntary Sector Review: an international journal of third sector research, policy and practice, 1 (1) 5-24 Alcock, P., D. Scott (2003) ‘Partnerships with the Voluntary Sector: Can Compacts work?’ in C. Glendinning, M. Powell, K. Rummery (eds) Partnerships, New Labour and the Governance of Welfare, Bristol: the Policy Press Bevir, Mark. 2010. Democratic Governance. Princeton, NJ and Oxford: Princeton University Press. --- , and Rod A.W. Rhodes. 2010. The State as Cultural Practice. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Bode, I (2006) ‘Disorganized welfare mixes: voluntary agencies and new governance regimes in Western Europe’, Journal of European Social Policy 16 (4), 346-359 Buckingham, H. (2012) ‘Capturing Diversity: a Typology of Third Sector Organisations’ Responses to Contracting based on Empiral Evidence from Homelessness Services’, Journal of Social Policy, 41 (3) 569-89 Cairns, B., R. Hutchinson, M. Aiken (2010) ‘”It’s not what we do, it’s how we do it”: managing the tension between service delivery and advocacy’ Voluntary Sector Review an international journal of third sector research, policy and practice, 1 (2) 193-208 Carmel. E., J. Harlock (2008) ‘Instituting the third sector as a governable terrain: procurement and performance in the UK’, Policy & Politics, 36, 2. Carr, H. (2005) ‘‘Some-one to Watch over me’: Making Supported Housing Work’, Social and Legal Studies 14, 387-408. Casey, J., B. Dalton, R. Melville, J. Onyx (2010) ‘Strengthening Government-Nonprofit Relations: International Experiences with Compacts’, Voluntary Sector Review an international journal of third sector research, policy and practice, 1 (1) 59-76 Chew, C., and Osborne, S.P. (2009) ‘Exploring strategic positioning in the UK charitable sector: Emerging evidence from charities that provide public services’, British Journal of Management, 20: 90-105 Clarke, J. (2004) Changing Welfare Changing States: New Directions in Social Policy, London, Thousand Oaks CA: Sage Publications Davies, Jonathan (2011) Challenging Governance Theory: From Networks to Hegemony. Bristol: the Policy Press. Department for Social Development (2012) Government Funding Database: Government Grants to the Voluntary and Community Sector http://govfundingpublic.nics.gov.uk/Home.aspx (accessed 16, May 2012) Dekker, P. (2009) ‘ Civicness: from Civil Society to Civic Services’, Voluntas 20 (3): 220 – 238 Evers, A. (1995) ‘Part of the Welfare Mix: the Third Sector as an Intermediate Area’, Voluntas, 6 (2) 159-182 Evers, A. (2005) ‘’Mixed Welfare systens and hybrid organizations: changes in governance and provision of social services’ International Journal of Public Administration’ 28 (9) 737-48 Gronjberg, K. and S. Smith (2006) ‘the Scope and Theory of Government-Nonprofit Relations’ in R. Steinberg, W.W. Powell (Ed) The Nonprofit Sector: A Research Handbook, New haven, Conn, Yale University Press Gidron, B., M. Bar (2009) “introduction’ in B. Gidron and M. Bar (eds) Policy Initiatives Towards the Third Sector in International Perspective, New York, Dordrecht: Springer Gray, A.M., D. Birrell (2012) ‘Coalition Government and Northern Ireland: Social Policy snd the Lowest Common Denominator Thesis’, Social Policy and Society 11 (1) 15-26 Horgan, G. (2006) ‘Devolution, Direct Rule and the Neo-Liberal Reconstruction of Northern Ireland’ Critical Social Policy 26 (3) 656-668 Kendall, J. (2010a) ‘Terra Incognita: Third Sectors and European Policy Processes’ in J. Kendall (Ed) Handbook on Third Sector Policy in Europe: Multi-level Processes and Organized Civil Society, Cheltenham, Northampton MA: Edward Elgar Kendall, J. (2010b) ‘The UK: Ingredients in a Hyperactive Horizontal Policy Environment’ in J. Kendall (Ed) Handbook on Third Sector Policy in Europe: Multi-level Processes and Organized Civil Society, Cheltenham, Northampton MA: Edward Elgar Klijn and Skelcher (2007) ‘Democracy and Governance Networks: Compatible or Not?’, Public Administration 85 (3), 587-608 Lewis, J. (2004) ‘What is New Labour? Can it Deliver on Social Policy?’, in J. Lewis and R. Surender (eds) Welfare State Change: Towards a Third Way?, Oxford: Oxford University Press March, J.G., J.P. Olsen (1989) Rediscovering Institutions: the Organizational Basis of Politics, New York, the Free Press March, J.G., J.P. Olsen (2006) ‘Elaborating the New Institutionalism’ in R.A.W. Rhodes, S.A. Binder, B.A. Rockman (Eds) the Oxford Handbook of Political Institutions, Oxford, Oxford University Press Morrow, D. (2012) ‘the Practice, Progress and Failings of Community Relations Work in Northern Ireland’, seminar paper given at the Institute for Social Science Research, University of Ulster, 23rd May, 2012 http://www.youtube.com/user/IRiSSwatch/videos downloaded 24/05/12 Najam, A. (2000) ‘the Four Cs of third sector-government relations: cooperation, confrontation, complementarity, and co-optation’, Nonprofit Management and Leadership 10 (4) 375-93 Newman, J. (2005) ‘ Introduction’ in J. Newman (Ed) Remaking Governance: People, Politics and the Public Sphere, Bristol, the Policy Press NICVA (2009) the State of the Sector VI, Belfast: Northern Ireland Council for Voluntary Action Northern Ireland Assembly (2008) the Supporting People Programme, Research Paper 133/08, Belfast, Research and Library Services, NI Assembly NIHE (2005) Supporting People, Changing Lives: the Supporting People Strategy 2005-2010, Belfast: the Northern Ireland Housing Executive OfMdfM (2005) ‘A Shared Future: Policy and Strategic Framework for Good Relations in Northern Ireland, Belfast: Office of First Minister and Deputy First Minister Parr, S. (2010) ‘the Role of Social Housing in the ‘Care and Control’ of Tenants with Mental Health Problems’, Social Policy and Society, 9 (1) 111-122 Nolan, P. (2012) Northern Ireland Peace Monitoring Report, Number one, Belfast: Community Relations Council Northern Ireland Executive (2011) Programme for Government and Budget 2011-2015, Belfast: Northern Ireland Executive http://www.northernireland.gov.uk/index/programme-for-government-and-budget-v1.htm (accessed 15 May, 2012) Phillips, S.D. and S.R. Smith (2011) ‘Between governance and regulation: evolving government-third sector relations’ in S.D. Phillips and S.R. Smith (eds) Governance and Regulation in the Third Sector: International Perspectives, New York: Routledge Phillips, S.D. (2012) ‘Dual Restructuring: Civil Society and the Welfare State in Canada 1985-2005’, British Journal of Canadian Studies, forthcoming Rhodes, R. (2007) ‘Understanding Governance Ten Years On’ Organization Studies, 28 (8): 1243-1264 Salamon, L. and H. Anheier (1998) ‘Social Origins of Civil Society: Explaining the Nonprofit Sector Cross Nationally’ Voluntas: Internationl Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, 9 (3) 213-248 SEUPB (2008) Peace III:EU Programme for Peace and Reconciliation, 2007–2013 Northern Ireland and the Border Region of Ireland, Operational Programme, Belfast and Monaghan: Special European Union Programmes Body. Surender, R. (2004). ‘Modern Challenges to the Welfare State and the Antecedents of the Third Way’ in Welfare State Change: Towards a Third Way? R. Surender, J. Lewis (Ed). Oxford, Oxford University Press Taylor, M. (2011) Public Policy in the Community, (2nd edition), Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan Taylor, M. (2012) ‘the Changing fortunes of community’, Voluntary Sector eview: an international journal of third sector research, policy and practice 3 (1), 15-30 Teasdale, S. (2010) ‘Explaining the multi-faceted nature of social enterprise: impression management as (social) entrepreneurial behaviour’, Voluntary Sector Review: an international journal of third sector research, policy and practice 1 (3), 271-92",
    year = "2012",
    month = "7",
    day = "11",
    language = "English",
    pages = "1--28",
    booktitle = "Unknown Host Publication",

    }

    Acheson, N 2012, The co-construction of new policy-spaces for state third sector engagement: an exploration of third sector agency in austerity driven welfare states. in Unknown Host Publication. pp. 1-28, International Society for Third Sector Rersearch: Democratization, Marketization and the Third Sector, 11/07/12.

    The co-construction of new policy-spaces for state third sector engagement: an exploration of third sector agency in austerity driven welfare states. / Acheson, Nicholas.

    Unknown Host Publication. 2012. p. 1-28.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    TY - GEN

    T1 - The co-construction of new policy-spaces for state third sector engagement: an exploration of third sector agency in austerity driven welfare states

    AU - Acheson, Nicholas

    N1 - Reference text: Acheson, N, B. Harvey, J. Kearney, A. Williamson (2004) Two Paths One Purpose: Voluntary Action in Ireland, North and South, Dublin: Institute of Public Administration Acheson, N., C. Milofsky (2008) ‘Peace Building and Participation in Northern Ireland: Local Social Movements and the Policy Process since the ‘Good Friday’ Agreement’, Ethnopolitics 7, 1 Acheson, N. (2010) Welfare State Reform, compacts and restructuring relations between the state and the voluntary sector: reflections on Northern Ireland experience. Voluntary Sector Review: an international journal of third sector research, policy and practice, 1 (2) 175-192 Alcock, P. (2010) ‘A Strategic Unity: Defining the Third Sector in the UK’, Voluntary Sector Review: an international journal of third sector research, policy and practice, 1 (1) 5-24 Alcock, P., D. Scott (2003) ‘Partnerships with the Voluntary Sector: Can Compacts work?’ in C. Glendinning, M. Powell, K. Rummery (eds) Partnerships, New Labour and the Governance of Welfare, Bristol: the Policy Press Bevir, Mark. 2010. Democratic Governance. Princeton, NJ and Oxford: Princeton University Press. --- , and Rod A.W. Rhodes. 2010. The State as Cultural Practice. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Bode, I (2006) ‘Disorganized welfare mixes: voluntary agencies and new governance regimes in Western Europe’, Journal of European Social Policy 16 (4), 346-359 Buckingham, H. (2012) ‘Capturing Diversity: a Typology of Third Sector Organisations’ Responses to Contracting based on Empiral Evidence from Homelessness Services’, Journal of Social Policy, 41 (3) 569-89 Cairns, B., R. Hutchinson, M. Aiken (2010) ‘”It’s not what we do, it’s how we do it”: managing the tension between service delivery and advocacy’ Voluntary Sector Review an international journal of third sector research, policy and practice, 1 (2) 193-208 Carmel. E., J. Harlock (2008) ‘Instituting the third sector as a governable terrain: procurement and performance in the UK’, Policy & Politics, 36, 2. Carr, H. (2005) ‘‘Some-one to Watch over me’: Making Supported Housing Work’, Social and Legal Studies 14, 387-408. Casey, J., B. Dalton, R. Melville, J. Onyx (2010) ‘Strengthening Government-Nonprofit Relations: International Experiences with Compacts’, Voluntary Sector Review an international journal of third sector research, policy and practice, 1 (1) 59-76 Chew, C., and Osborne, S.P. (2009) ‘Exploring strategic positioning in the UK charitable sector: Emerging evidence from charities that provide public services’, British Journal of Management, 20: 90-105 Clarke, J. (2004) Changing Welfare Changing States: New Directions in Social Policy, London, Thousand Oaks CA: Sage Publications Davies, Jonathan (2011) Challenging Governance Theory: From Networks to Hegemony. Bristol: the Policy Press. Department for Social Development (2012) Government Funding Database: Government Grants to the Voluntary and Community Sector http://govfundingpublic.nics.gov.uk/Home.aspx (accessed 16, May 2012) Dekker, P. (2009) ‘ Civicness: from Civil Society to Civic Services’, Voluntas 20 (3): 220 – 238 Evers, A. (1995) ‘Part of the Welfare Mix: the Third Sector as an Intermediate Area’, Voluntas, 6 (2) 159-182 Evers, A. (2005) ‘’Mixed Welfare systens and hybrid organizations: changes in governance and provision of social services’ International Journal of Public Administration’ 28 (9) 737-48 Gronjberg, K. and S. Smith (2006) ‘the Scope and Theory of Government-Nonprofit Relations’ in R. Steinberg, W.W. Powell (Ed) The Nonprofit Sector: A Research Handbook, New haven, Conn, Yale University Press Gidron, B., M. Bar (2009) “introduction’ in B. Gidron and M. Bar (eds) Policy Initiatives Towards the Third Sector in International Perspective, New York, Dordrecht: Springer Gray, A.M., D. Birrell (2012) ‘Coalition Government and Northern Ireland: Social Policy snd the Lowest Common Denominator Thesis’, Social Policy and Society 11 (1) 15-26 Horgan, G. (2006) ‘Devolution, Direct Rule and the Neo-Liberal Reconstruction of Northern Ireland’ Critical Social Policy 26 (3) 656-668 Kendall, J. (2010a) ‘Terra Incognita: Third Sectors and European Policy Processes’ in J. Kendall (Ed) Handbook on Third Sector Policy in Europe: Multi-level Processes and Organized Civil Society, Cheltenham, Northampton MA: Edward Elgar Kendall, J. (2010b) ‘The UK: Ingredients in a Hyperactive Horizontal Policy Environment’ in J. Kendall (Ed) Handbook on Third Sector Policy in Europe: Multi-level Processes and Organized Civil Society, Cheltenham, Northampton MA: Edward Elgar Klijn and Skelcher (2007) ‘Democracy and Governance Networks: Compatible or Not?’, Public Administration 85 (3), 587-608 Lewis, J. (2004) ‘What is New Labour? Can it Deliver on Social Policy?’, in J. Lewis and R. Surender (eds) Welfare State Change: Towards a Third Way?, Oxford: Oxford University Press March, J.G., J.P. Olsen (1989) Rediscovering Institutions: the Organizational Basis of Politics, New York, the Free Press March, J.G., J.P. Olsen (2006) ‘Elaborating the New Institutionalism’ in R.A.W. Rhodes, S.A. Binder, B.A. Rockman (Eds) the Oxford Handbook of Political Institutions, Oxford, Oxford University Press Morrow, D. (2012) ‘the Practice, Progress and Failings of Community Relations Work in Northern Ireland’, seminar paper given at the Institute for Social Science Research, University of Ulster, 23rd May, 2012 http://www.youtube.com/user/IRiSSwatch/videos downloaded 24/05/12 Najam, A. (2000) ‘the Four Cs of third sector-government relations: cooperation, confrontation, complementarity, and co-optation’, Nonprofit Management and Leadership 10 (4) 375-93 Newman, J. (2005) ‘ Introduction’ in J. Newman (Ed) Remaking Governance: People, Politics and the Public Sphere, Bristol, the Policy Press NICVA (2009) the State of the Sector VI, Belfast: Northern Ireland Council for Voluntary Action Northern Ireland Assembly (2008) the Supporting People Programme, Research Paper 133/08, Belfast, Research and Library Services, NI Assembly NIHE (2005) Supporting People, Changing Lives: the Supporting People Strategy 2005-2010, Belfast: the Northern Ireland Housing Executive OfMdfM (2005) ‘A Shared Future: Policy and Strategic Framework for Good Relations in Northern Ireland, Belfast: Office of First Minister and Deputy First Minister Parr, S. (2010) ‘the Role of Social Housing in the ‘Care and Control’ of Tenants with Mental Health Problems’, Social Policy and Society, 9 (1) 111-122 Nolan, P. (2012) Northern Ireland Peace Monitoring Report, Number one, Belfast: Community Relations Council Northern Ireland Executive (2011) Programme for Government and Budget 2011-2015, Belfast: Northern Ireland Executive http://www.northernireland.gov.uk/index/programme-for-government-and-budget-v1.htm (accessed 15 May, 2012) Phillips, S.D. and S.R. Smith (2011) ‘Between governance and regulation: evolving government-third sector relations’ in S.D. Phillips and S.R. Smith (eds) Governance and Regulation in the Third Sector: International Perspectives, New York: Routledge Phillips, S.D. (2012) ‘Dual Restructuring: Civil Society and the Welfare State in Canada 1985-2005’, British Journal of Canadian Studies, forthcoming Rhodes, R. (2007) ‘Understanding Governance Ten Years On’ Organization Studies, 28 (8): 1243-1264 Salamon, L. and H. Anheier (1998) ‘Social Origins of Civil Society: Explaining the Nonprofit Sector Cross Nationally’ Voluntas: Internationl Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, 9 (3) 213-248 SEUPB (2008) Peace III:EU Programme for Peace and Reconciliation, 2007–2013 Northern Ireland and the Border Region of Ireland, Operational Programme, Belfast and Monaghan: Special European Union Programmes Body. Surender, R. (2004). ‘Modern Challenges to the Welfare State and the Antecedents of the Third Way’ in Welfare State Change: Towards a Third Way? R. Surender, J. Lewis (Ed). Oxford, Oxford University Press Taylor, M. (2011) Public Policy in the Community, (2nd edition), Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan Taylor, M. (2012) ‘the Changing fortunes of community’, Voluntary Sector eview: an international journal of third sector research, policy and practice 3 (1), 15-30 Teasdale, S. (2010) ‘Explaining the multi-faceted nature of social enterprise: impression management as (social) entrepreneurial behaviour’, Voluntary Sector Review: an international journal of third sector research, policy and practice 1 (3), 271-92

    PY - 2012/7/11

    Y1 - 2012/7/11

    N2 - This paper argues that changes currently underway in how governments seek to manage welfare provision at a time of falling budgets is changing the options that are available to TSOs in navigating these welfare spaces. Drawing on emerging evidence of changes within the policy field of supported housing in Northern Ireland, it argues that a model in which government has sought to deal with the third sector as it finds it, based on an acknowledgement that TSOs, while valuable for public policy delivery, emerge from organic processes within civil society itself, is being replaced by a attempts to design a sector specifically organized to deliver public services according to strictly predetermined policy priorities. We see the formation of a view within government that conceives of partnership as a matter of resource acquisition for the better achievement of government objectives. Talk of partnership is a misnomer. This new environment is closer to a grab for the resources that TSOs can offer whether these are legitimacy or expertise, or gains in efficiency. The paper seeks to explore the complex relationship between institutional histories of state third sector relations, the narratives of change available to TSOs and the webs of belief that underpin their interpretations of their interests. How come, the paper asks, do TSOs end up co-constructing policy regimes that systematically close off possible futures?

    AB - This paper argues that changes currently underway in how governments seek to manage welfare provision at a time of falling budgets is changing the options that are available to TSOs in navigating these welfare spaces. Drawing on emerging evidence of changes within the policy field of supported housing in Northern Ireland, it argues that a model in which government has sought to deal with the third sector as it finds it, based on an acknowledgement that TSOs, while valuable for public policy delivery, emerge from organic processes within civil society itself, is being replaced by a attempts to design a sector specifically organized to deliver public services according to strictly predetermined policy priorities. We see the formation of a view within government that conceives of partnership as a matter of resource acquisition for the better achievement of government objectives. Talk of partnership is a misnomer. This new environment is closer to a grab for the resources that TSOs can offer whether these are legitimacy or expertise, or gains in efficiency. The paper seeks to explore the complex relationship between institutional histories of state third sector relations, the narratives of change available to TSOs and the webs of belief that underpin their interpretations of their interests. How come, the paper asks, do TSOs end up co-constructing policy regimes that systematically close off possible futures?

    UR - http://www.istr.org/?page=Siena

    UR - http://www.istr.org/?page=Siena

    M3 - Conference contribution

    SP - 1

    EP - 28

    BT - Unknown Host Publication

    ER -