The Childbirth Self-Efficacy Inventory: a replication study

Marlene Sinclair, colm O'Boyle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In 1993 Lowe developed the Childbirth Self-Efficacy Inventory (CBSEI). This is a self-administered, 62-item, Likert tool which measures women's confidence in their ability to cope with labour. The tool is valid and reliable for use in American culture but had not been tested in Northern Ireland, therefore a replication study was deemed necessary. The research study set out to replicate Lowe's study and to test the potential application of this tool in clinical midwifery practice. A convenience sample comprising a cohort of 126 women attending an urban maternity unit in Northern Ireland formed the study population and a response rate of 64% was achieved. The tool was administered antenatally, intranatally and postnatally. The predictive validity of the instrument was tested to determine actual coping behaviours in labour (Pearson's r=0·3963, P <0·00 for active labour; r=0·5149, P <0·00 for second stage labour). This work confirms the CBSEI as a measurement of confidence in women's ability to cope in labour. The authors recommend the utility of the CBSEI in midwifery practice as a tool for the identification of women who will require extra support in labour and pregnancy.
LanguageEnglish
Pages1416-1423
JournalJournal of Advanced Nursing
Volume30
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999

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Self Efficacy
Parturition
Northern Ireland
Equipment and Supplies
Aptitude
Midwifery
Second Labor Stage
Psychological Adaptation
Pregnancy
Research
Population

Cite this

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title = "The Childbirth Self-Efficacy Inventory: a replication study",
abstract = "In 1993 Lowe developed the Childbirth Self-Efficacy Inventory (CBSEI). This is a self-administered, 62-item, Likert tool which measures women's confidence in their ability to cope with labour. The tool is valid and reliable for use in American culture but had not been tested in Northern Ireland, therefore a replication study was deemed necessary. The research study set out to replicate Lowe's study and to test the potential application of this tool in clinical midwifery practice. A convenience sample comprising a cohort of 126 women attending an urban maternity unit in Northern Ireland formed the study population and a response rate of 64{\%} was achieved. The tool was administered antenatally, intranatally and postnatally. The predictive validity of the instrument was tested to determine actual coping behaviours in labour (Pearson's r=0·3963, P <0·00 for active labour; r=0·5149, P <0·00 for second stage labour). This work confirms the CBSEI as a measurement of confidence in women's ability to cope in labour. The authors recommend the utility of the CBSEI in midwifery practice as a tool for the identification of women who will require extra support in labour and pregnancy.",
author = "Marlene Sinclair and colm O'Boyle",
note = "Reference text: 1Affonso D.D., Mayberry L.J., Lovett S.M., Paul S. (1994) Cognitive adaptation to stressful events during pregnancy and postpartum: development and testing of the CASE Instrument. Nursing Research 43(6), 334 343. 2Bandura A. (1977) Self-efficacy: toward a unifying theory of behavioral change. Psychological Review 84, 191 215. 3Bandura A. (1982) Self-efficacy mechanism in human agency. American Psychologist 37, 122 147. 4Borkovec T.D. (1978) Self-efficacy: cause or reflection of behavior change? Advances in Behavior Research and Therapy 1, 231 236. 5Brewin C. & Bradley C. (1982) Perceived control and the experience of childbirth. British Journal of Psychology 21, 263 269. 6Byrne-Lynch A. (1991) Coping strategies, personal control and childbirth. Irish Journal of Psychology 12(2), 145 152. 7Davenport-Slack B. & Boylan C.H. (1974) Psychological correlates of childbirth pain. Psychosomatic Medicine 36, 215 223. 8Eysenck H.J. (1978) Expectations as causal elements in behavioral change. Advances in Behavior Research and Therapy 1, 171 175. 9Fernandez E. & Turk D.C. (1989) The utility of cognitive coping strategies for altering pain perception: a meta-analysis. Pain 38(2), 123 135. 10Hapidou E.G. & De Catanzaro D. (1992) Responsiveness to laboratory pain in women as a function of age and childbirth pain experience. Pain 48, 177 181. 11Hodnett E.D. & Simmons-Tropea D.A. (1987) The Labor Agentry Scale: psychometric properties of an instrument measuring control during childbirth. Research in Nursing and Health 10, 301 310. 12Humenick S.S. (1981) Mastery the key to childbirth satisfaction? A review. Birth and the Family Journal 8, 79 83. 13Jacobson S.F. (1992) Evaluating instruments for use in clinical nursing research. In Instruments for Clinical Nursing Research (Frank-Stranborg M. ed.), Jones and Bartlett, London, pp. 3–21. 14Lederman E., Lederman R.P., Kutzner M.S. (1982) Measurement of maternal anxiety and stress during childbirth. Poster presentation. at the sixth Midwest Nursing Society Conference, Columbus, Ohio. 15Litt M.D. (1988) Self-efficacy and perceived control: cognitive mediators of pain tolerance. Personal and Social Psychology 57, 149 160. 16Lowe N.K. (1989) Explaining the pain of active labor: the importance of maternal confidence. Research in Nursing and Health 12, 237 245. 17Lowe N.K. (1991a) Maternal confidence in coping with labor: a self-efficacy concept. Journal of Obstetric, Gynaecological and Neonatal Nursing 20(6), 457 463. 18Lowe N.K. (1991b) Critical predictors of sensory and affective pain during four phases of labor. Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology 12, 193 208. 19Lowe N.K. (1992) Differences in first and second stage labor pain between nulliparous and multiparous women. Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology 13, 243 253. 20Lowe N.K. (1993) Maternal confidence for labor: development of the Childbirth Self-Efficacy Inventory. Research in Nursing and Health 16, 141 149. 21Manning M.M. & Wright T.L. (1983) Self-efficacy expectancies, and the persistence of pain control in childbirth. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 45, 421 431. 22McGuire D.B. (1992) Measuring pain. In Instruments of Clinical Nursing Research (Frank-Stranborg M. ed.), Jones and Bartlett, London, pp. 333–357. 23Niven C. & Gijsbers K. (1984) A study of labor pain using the McGill Pain Questionnaire. Social Science and Medicine 19(12), 1347 1351. 24Norr K.L., Block C., Charles A., Meyering S., Myers E. (1977) Explaining pain and enjoyment in childbirth. Journal of Health and Social Behavior 18, 260 375. 25Quinless F.W. & Nelson M.A. (1998) Development of a measure of learned helplessness. Nursing Research 37, 11 15. 26Rosenberg M. (1965) Society and the Adolescent Self-Image. Princetown University Press, Lawrenceville, New Jersey. 27Scott-Palmer J. & Skevington S.M. (1981) Pain during childbirth and menstruation: a study of locus of control. Journal of Psychosomatic Research 25(3), 151 155. 28Slade P., MacPherson S.A., Hume A., Maresh M. (1993) Expectations, experiences and satisfaction with labor. British Journal of Clinical Psychology 32, 469 483. 29Tipton R.M. & Worthington E.L. (1984) The measurement of generalized self-efficacy: a study of construct validity. Journal of Personality Assessment 48(5), 545 548. 30Wallston K.A., Wallston B.S., DeVillis R. (1978) Developments of the multidimensional health locus of control (MHLC) scale. Health Education Monographs 6, 160 170. 31Wilmuth L.H. (1975) Prepared childbirth and the concept of control. Journal of Obstetric, Gynaecological and Neonatal Nursing 4, 38 41.",
year = "1999",
doi = "10.1046/j.1365-2648.1999.01230.",
language = "English",
volume = "30",
pages = "1416--1423",
journal = "Journal of Advanced Nursing",
issn = "0309-2402",
number = "6",

}

The Childbirth Self-Efficacy Inventory: a replication study. / Sinclair, Marlene; O'Boyle, colm.

In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, Vol. 30, No. 6, 1999, p. 1416-1423.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Childbirth Self-Efficacy Inventory: a replication study

AU - Sinclair, Marlene

AU - O'Boyle, colm

N1 - Reference text: 1Affonso D.D., Mayberry L.J., Lovett S.M., Paul S. (1994) Cognitive adaptation to stressful events during pregnancy and postpartum: development and testing of the CASE Instrument. Nursing Research 43(6), 334 343. 2Bandura A. (1977) Self-efficacy: toward a unifying theory of behavioral change. Psychological Review 84, 191 215. 3Bandura A. (1982) Self-efficacy mechanism in human agency. American Psychologist 37, 122 147. 4Borkovec T.D. (1978) Self-efficacy: cause or reflection of behavior change? Advances in Behavior Research and Therapy 1, 231 236. 5Brewin C. & Bradley C. (1982) Perceived control and the experience of childbirth. British Journal of Psychology 21, 263 269. 6Byrne-Lynch A. (1991) Coping strategies, personal control and childbirth. Irish Journal of Psychology 12(2), 145 152. 7Davenport-Slack B. & Boylan C.H. (1974) Psychological correlates of childbirth pain. Psychosomatic Medicine 36, 215 223. 8Eysenck H.J. (1978) Expectations as causal elements in behavioral change. Advances in Behavior Research and Therapy 1, 171 175. 9Fernandez E. & Turk D.C. (1989) The utility of cognitive coping strategies for altering pain perception: a meta-analysis. Pain 38(2), 123 135. 10Hapidou E.G. & De Catanzaro D. (1992) Responsiveness to laboratory pain in women as a function of age and childbirth pain experience. Pain 48, 177 181. 11Hodnett E.D. & Simmons-Tropea D.A. (1987) The Labor Agentry Scale: psychometric properties of an instrument measuring control during childbirth. Research in Nursing and Health 10, 301 310. 12Humenick S.S. (1981) Mastery the key to childbirth satisfaction? A review. Birth and the Family Journal 8, 79 83. 13Jacobson S.F. (1992) Evaluating instruments for use in clinical nursing research. In Instruments for Clinical Nursing Research (Frank-Stranborg M. ed.), Jones and Bartlett, London, pp. 3–21. 14Lederman E., Lederman R.P., Kutzner M.S. (1982) Measurement of maternal anxiety and stress during childbirth. Poster presentation. at the sixth Midwest Nursing Society Conference, Columbus, Ohio. 15Litt M.D. (1988) Self-efficacy and perceived control: cognitive mediators of pain tolerance. Personal and Social Psychology 57, 149 160. 16Lowe N.K. (1989) Explaining the pain of active labor: the importance of maternal confidence. Research in Nursing and Health 12, 237 245. 17Lowe N.K. (1991a) Maternal confidence in coping with labor: a self-efficacy concept. Journal of Obstetric, Gynaecological and Neonatal Nursing 20(6), 457 463. 18Lowe N.K. (1991b) Critical predictors of sensory and affective pain during four phases of labor. Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology 12, 193 208. 19Lowe N.K. (1992) Differences in first and second stage labor pain between nulliparous and multiparous women. Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology 13, 243 253. 20Lowe N.K. (1993) Maternal confidence for labor: development of the Childbirth Self-Efficacy Inventory. Research in Nursing and Health 16, 141 149. 21Manning M.M. & Wright T.L. (1983) Self-efficacy expectancies, and the persistence of pain control in childbirth. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 45, 421 431. 22McGuire D.B. (1992) Measuring pain. In Instruments of Clinical Nursing Research (Frank-Stranborg M. ed.), Jones and Bartlett, London, pp. 333–357. 23Niven C. & Gijsbers K. (1984) A study of labor pain using the McGill Pain Questionnaire. Social Science and Medicine 19(12), 1347 1351. 24Norr K.L., Block C., Charles A., Meyering S., Myers E. (1977) Explaining pain and enjoyment in childbirth. Journal of Health and Social Behavior 18, 260 375. 25Quinless F.W. & Nelson M.A. (1998) Development of a measure of learned helplessness. Nursing Research 37, 11 15. 26Rosenberg M. (1965) Society and the Adolescent Self-Image. Princetown University Press, Lawrenceville, New Jersey. 27Scott-Palmer J. & Skevington S.M. (1981) Pain during childbirth and menstruation: a study of locus of control. Journal of Psychosomatic Research 25(3), 151 155. 28Slade P., MacPherson S.A., Hume A., Maresh M. (1993) Expectations, experiences and satisfaction with labor. British Journal of Clinical Psychology 32, 469 483. 29Tipton R.M. & Worthington E.L. (1984) The measurement of generalized self-efficacy: a study of construct validity. Journal of Personality Assessment 48(5), 545 548. 30Wallston K.A., Wallston B.S., DeVillis R. (1978) Developments of the multidimensional health locus of control (MHLC) scale. Health Education Monographs 6, 160 170. 31Wilmuth L.H. (1975) Prepared childbirth and the concept of control. Journal of Obstetric, Gynaecological and Neonatal Nursing 4, 38 41.

PY - 1999

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