The changes in stress regime during wetting of unsaturated compacted clays when laterally confined.

Jane Brown, V Sivakumar

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    6 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Compacted clay fills are placed in an unsaturated condition and over time the fill will become saturated if the water table rises. The bimodal pore size distribution often prevails in these soils. This will lead to a combination of aggregate swelling and collapse during wetting, which can considerably change the stress regime in the fill. This paper examines the stress regime within compacted fills during wetting when lateral expansion is restricted. A one dimensional consolidation chamber was used to examine the behaviour of kaolin compacted to differ-ent initial bulk densities, representing un-engineered fill, engineered fill and heavily engineered fill. Wetting was performed under overburden pressures of 25 kPa, 50 kPa and 100 kPa. High lateral pressures and sample swelling were observed, which have significant implications on the stress distribution behind retaining struc-tures where compacted clays are used as backfilling materials.
    LanguageEnglish
    Title of host publicationUnsaturated Soils Advances in Geo-Engineering
    Pages361-367
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 2008

    Fingerprint

    wetting
    fill
    clay
    swelling
    kaolin
    overburden
    bulk density
    consolidation
    water table
    soil

    Keywords

    • Compacted Fills
    • Laboratory Experiments

    Cite this

    Brown, J., & Sivakumar, V. (2008). The changes in stress regime during wetting of unsaturated compacted clays when laterally confined. In Unsaturated Soils Advances in Geo-Engineering (pp. 361-367)
    Brown, Jane ; Sivakumar, V. / The changes in stress regime during wetting of unsaturated compacted clays when laterally confined. Unsaturated Soils Advances in Geo-Engineering. 2008. pp. 361-367
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    Brown, J & Sivakumar, V 2008, The changes in stress regime during wetting of unsaturated compacted clays when laterally confined. in Unsaturated Soils Advances in Geo-Engineering. pp. 361-367.

    The changes in stress regime during wetting of unsaturated compacted clays when laterally confined. / Brown, Jane; Sivakumar, V.

    Unsaturated Soils Advances in Geo-Engineering. 2008. p. 361-367.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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    AB - Compacted clay fills are placed in an unsaturated condition and over time the fill will become saturated if the water table rises. The bimodal pore size distribution often prevails in these soils. This will lead to a combination of aggregate swelling and collapse during wetting, which can considerably change the stress regime in the fill. This paper examines the stress regime within compacted fills during wetting when lateral expansion is restricted. A one dimensional consolidation chamber was used to examine the behaviour of kaolin compacted to differ-ent initial bulk densities, representing un-engineered fill, engineered fill and heavily engineered fill. Wetting was performed under overburden pressures of 25 kPa, 50 kPa and 100 kPa. High lateral pressures and sample swelling were observed, which have significant implications on the stress distribution behind retaining struc-tures where compacted clays are used as backfilling materials.

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    Brown J, Sivakumar V. The changes in stress regime during wetting of unsaturated compacted clays when laterally confined. In Unsaturated Soils Advances in Geo-Engineering. 2008. p. 361-367