The Challenges and Psychological Impact of Delivering Nursing Care within a War Zone

A Finnegan, B Lauder, HP McKenna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Between 2001 and 2014, British military nurses served in Afghanistan caring for both service personnel and local nationals of all ages. However, there have been few research studies assessing the psychological impact of delivering nursing care in a war zone hospital.Purpose: The purpose of the study was to explore the challenges and psychological stressors facing military nurses in undertaking their operational role.Methods: A constructivist grounded theory was used. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 18 British Armed Forces nurses at Camp Bastion Hospital, Afghanistan, in June to July 2013.Discussion: Military nurses faced prolonged periods of caring for seriously injured polytrauma casualties of all ages, and there were associated distressing psychological effects and prolonged periods of adjustment on returning home. Caring for children was a particular concern. The factors that caused stress, bothon deployment and returning home, along with measures to address these issues such as time for rest and exercise, can change rapidly in response to the dynamic flux in clinical intensity common within the deployable environment.Conclusion: Clinical training, a good command structure, the requirement for rest, recuperation, exercise, and diet were important in reducing psychological stress within a war zone. No formal debriefingmodel was advocated for clinical staff who appear to want to discuss traumatic incidents as a group, and this may havecontributed to stigma and nurses feeling isolated. On returning home, military nurses reported being disconnected from the civilian wards and departments. The study raised the question of who cares for the carers, as participants reported a perception that others felt that they should be able to cope without any emotional issues. It is envisioned that the results are transferable internationally to nurses from other armed forces and will raise awareness with civilian colleagues.
LanguageEnglish
Pages450-458
JournalNursing Outlook
Volume64
Issue number5
Early online date20 May 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2016

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Nursing Care
Nurses
Psychology
Afghanistan
Exercise
Social Adjustment
Multiple Trauma
Warfare
Psychological Stress
Caregivers
Emotions
Interviews
Diet
Research

Keywords

  • Military Nursing / British Army / Defence Nursing / Qualitative
  • Research / Grounded Theory / Afghanistan / Psychological Stressors /
  • Futility

Cite this

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abstract = "Background: Between 2001 and 2014, British military nurses served in Afghanistan caring for both service personnel and local nationals of all ages. However, there have been few research studies assessing the psychological impact of delivering nursing care in a war zone hospital.Purpose: The purpose of the study was to explore the challenges and psychological stressors facing military nurses in undertaking their operational role.Methods: A constructivist grounded theory was used. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 18 British Armed Forces nurses at Camp Bastion Hospital, Afghanistan, in June to July 2013.Discussion: Military nurses faced prolonged periods of caring for seriously injured polytrauma casualties of all ages, and there were associated distressing psychological effects and prolonged periods of adjustment on returning home. Caring for children was a particular concern. The factors that caused stress, bothon deployment and returning home, along with measures to address these issues such as time for rest and exercise, can change rapidly in response to the dynamic flux in clinical intensity common within the deployable environment.Conclusion: Clinical training, a good command structure, the requirement for rest, recuperation, exercise, and diet were important in reducing psychological stress within a war zone. No formal debriefingmodel was advocated for clinical staff who appear to want to discuss traumatic incidents as a group, and this may havecontributed to stigma and nurses feeling isolated. On returning home, military nurses reported being disconnected from the civilian wards and departments. The study raised the question of who cares for the carers, as participants reported a perception that others felt that they should be able to cope without any emotional issues. It is envisioned that the results are transferable internationally to nurses from other armed forces and will raise awareness with civilian colleagues.",
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The Challenges and Psychological Impact of Delivering Nursing Care within a War Zone. / Finnegan, A; Lauder, B; McKenna, HP.

Vol. 64, No. 5, 09.2016, p. 450-458.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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