The adequacy and public perception of the public toilet provision on Guernsey

Patricia Mary McDermott, George Kernohan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In recent years there has been a decline in the state ofpublic toilets and, with over 50% of the public toiletsbeing closed, this has become a cause for public concern.Local authorities have no legal requirement to providepublic toilets and because of this some towns have nopublic toilet provision. The aim of this study was toinvestigate the adequacy and provision of the publictoilets on the Island of Guernsey. This investigation wasundertaken through observation of the 30 public toiletblocks and a questionnaire exploring the provision of thepublic toilets, emailed to a representative sample of theIsland population. All 18 of the toilets for those withdisabilities, 26 (out of 30) of the male and 27 (out of 30)of the female public toilets were observed and theresponse rate to the questionnaire was 48% (n=264).Results confirmed that there are an adequate number ofpublic toilet facilities for the Island’s population inaccordance with the British Standards. Fifty-five per centof respondents were satisfied or very satisfied with thenumber of facilities. However concerns were expressedabout the number of the public toilet that were closedduring the winter months and the proposed closure oftoilets in an effort to save money. The researchconcluded that the adequacy, provision and impressionof the public toilets on Guernsey was good, but moreattention needs to be given to year-round availabilityand the additional facilities required within them.
LanguageEnglish
Pages59-67
JournalJournal of Environmental Health Research
Volume12
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2012

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questionnaire
money
town
cause

Keywords

  • Public Toilets
  • WC
  • Lavatory
  • Antisocial
  • behaviour
  • Disabled Toilets

Cite this

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title = "The adequacy and public perception of the public toilet provision on Guernsey",
abstract = "In recent years there has been a decline in the state ofpublic toilets and, with over 50{\%} of the public toiletsbeing closed, this has become a cause for public concern.Local authorities have no legal requirement to providepublic toilets and because of this some towns have nopublic toilet provision. The aim of this study was toinvestigate the adequacy and provision of the publictoilets on the Island of Guernsey. This investigation wasundertaken through observation of the 30 public toiletblocks and a questionnaire exploring the provision of thepublic toilets, emailed to a representative sample of theIsland population. All 18 of the toilets for those withdisabilities, 26 (out of 30) of the male and 27 (out of 30)of the female public toilets were observed and theresponse rate to the questionnaire was 48{\%} (n=264).Results confirmed that there are an adequate number ofpublic toilet facilities for the Island’s population inaccordance with the British Standards. Fifty-five per centof respondents were satisfied or very satisfied with thenumber of facilities. However concerns were expressedabout the number of the public toilet that were closedduring the winter months and the proposed closure oftoilets in an effort to save money. The researchconcluded that the adequacy, provision and impressionof the public toilets on Guernsey was good, but moreattention needs to be given to year-round availabilityand the additional facilities required within them.",
keywords = "Public Toilets, WC, Lavatory, Antisocial, behaviour, Disabled Toilets",
author = "McDermott, {Patricia Mary} and George Kernohan",
note = "Reference text: Blackman T, Mitchell L, Burton E, Jenks M, Parsons M, Raman S and Williams K (2003). ‘The accessibility of public spaces for people with dementia: a new priority for the ‘open city’, Disability & Society, 18 (3),pp.357- 371. Booth C, Darke J and Yeandle S (1996) Changing Places: Women’s Lives in the City, London: Paul Chapman. Bournemouth Borough Council (2005). Bournemouth Seafront Public Toilet Satisfaction Survey. Bournemouth: Bournemouth Borough Council. Available from: http://www.bournemouth.gov.uk/textonly/Visitors/Seafr ont/Seafront_Toilets.asp (Accessed 5th August 2010). Brawley EC (1997). Designing for Alzheimer’s Disease. Strategies for creating better care environments, New York: Wiley. British Toilet Association (2000). Public toilets in England and Wales: Statistics from Audit Commission. Winchester: British Toilet Association. British Standards Institution (2006). BS6465 Part 1; Code of practice for the design of sanitary facilities and scales of provision of sanitary and associated appliances, London: British Standards Institution. British Standards Institution (2006). BS6465 Part 2; Code of practice for space requirements for sanitary appliances. London: British Standards Institution. British Standards Institution (2010). BS6465 Part 4 DRAFT; Code of practice for the provision of public toilets, London: British Standards Institution. Cavanagh S and Ware V (1991). At Women’s Convenience: A handbook on the design of Women’s Public Toilets, London: Women’s Design Service. Central Cities Institute (2002). Licensing Reform London, University of Westminster, Central Cities Institute. Department for Communities and Local Government (2008). Communities and Local Government. The provision of public toilets, Twelfth report of session 2007-2008. Report, together with formal minutes, oral and written evidence. House of Commons, London: The Stationery Office Ltd. Disability Discrimination Act (1995). Disability Discrimination Act 1995, London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office. Edwards J (1998). Policy making as organised irresponsibility: the case of public conveniences, Policy and Politics, 26 (3), pp.307-320 Environmental Protection Act (1990). Part II Waste on Land, London, HMSO Gillham B (2002). Real World Research Developing a questionnaire, London: Continuum. Greed C and Daniels I (2002). User and provider perspectives on public toilet provision. Report of Nuffield Trust Research, Occasional Paper, Faculty of the Built Environment. Bristol: University of the West of England. Greed C (2004). Public Toilets: The need to provide compulsory provision. Municipal Engineer Proceedings of the Institute of Civil Engineers, 157(Issue ME), pp.77-85. Greed C (2005). Taking Stock: An overview of toilet provision and standards, Bristol: University of the West of England, Available from: http://kb.keepbritaintidy.org/ toilets/publications/stock.pdf (Accessed 27th July 2010). Greshenson O and Penner B (2009). Ladies and Gents Public Toilets and Gender, Philadelphia: Temple University Press. Hanson J, Begg N and Greed C (2007). The Accessible Public Toilet Resource Manual, London: University College London. Heinze J E (1985). Bar soap and liquid soap. Journal of the American Medical Association, 253 (11), p.1561. Heinze J E and Yackovich F (1988). Washing with contaminated bar soap is unlikely to transfer bacteria. Epidemiology & Infection, 101 (2), pp.135-42. Kabara J J and Brady M B (1984). Contamination of bar soaps under {"}in use{"} condition. Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology, 5 (4), pp.1-14. Lano{\"e} N (2002). Ogier’s reading research: How to make research more approachable (3rd edition), London: Bailli{\`e}re Tindall. Lockwood J (2001). The lockwood Survey: capturing, catering and caring for consumers, Huddersfield: Urban Management Initiatives. Miyanishi Y (1996). Comfortable public toilets: design and maintenance manual, Toyama: City Planning Department. Office of the Deputy Prime Minister (2004). Access and facilities for disabled people: Approved Document M, London: Office of the Deputy Prime Minister. Oxford City Council (2009). Your Views on Public Toilets in Oxford. Oxford: Oxford City Council Consultations, Available from: http://consultation.oxford.gov.uk/ consult.ti/publictoilets/consultationHome (Accessed 5th August 2010) (Internet). Polit D and Beck CT (2008). Nursing Research: Generating and Assessing Evidence for Nursing Practice (8th edition), London: Lippincott. Public Health Act (1936). (1 Edw. VII, C.87), London: HMSO. Restroom Association (Singapore) (2006). A guide to better public toilet design and maintenance, Singapore: Restroom Association, Available from: www.toilet.org.sg (Accessed 28th July 2010). Salkind N J (2007). Statistics for people who (think they) hate statistics (2nd edition), London: Sage. Sex Discrimination Act (2008). The Sex Discrimination Act 1975, Amendment Regulations 2008, London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office. States of Guernsey (2010). Guernsey Facts and Figures 2010, St Peter Port: Policy Council. Thomas S A (2000). How to write health sciences papers, dissertations and theses, London: Churchill Livingstone.",
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The adequacy and public perception of the public toilet provision on Guernsey. / McDermott, Patricia Mary; Kernohan, George.

Vol. 12, No. 1, 01.03.2012, p. 59-67.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - McDermott, Patricia Mary

AU - Kernohan, George

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BS6465 Part 1; Code of practice for the design of sanitary facilities and scales of provision of sanitary and associated appliances, London: British Standards Institution. British Standards Institution (2006). BS6465 Part 2; Code of practice for space requirements for sanitary appliances. London: British Standards Institution. British Standards Institution (2010). BS6465 Part 4 DRAFT; Code of practice for the provision of public toilets, London: British Standards Institution. Cavanagh S and Ware V (1991). At Women’s Convenience: A handbook on the design of Women’s Public Toilets, London: Women’s Design Service. Central Cities Institute (2002). Licensing Reform London, University of Westminster, Central Cities Institute. Department for Communities and Local Government (2008). Communities and Local Government. The provision of public toilets, Twelfth report of session 2007-2008. Report, together with formal minutes, oral and written evidence. House of Commons, London: The Stationery Office Ltd. Disability Discrimination Act (1995). Disability Discrimination Act 1995, London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office. Edwards J (1998). Policy making as organised irresponsibility: the case of public conveniences, Policy and Politics, 26 (3), pp.307-320 Environmental Protection Act (1990). Part II Waste on Land, London, HMSO Gillham B (2002). Real World Research Developing a questionnaire, London: Continuum. Greed C and Daniels I (2002). User and provider perspectives on public toilet provision. Report of Nuffield Trust Research, Occasional Paper, Faculty of the Built Environment. Bristol: University of the West of England. Greed C (2004). Public Toilets: The need to provide compulsory provision. Municipal Engineer Proceedings of the Institute of Civil Engineers, 157(Issue ME), pp.77-85. Greed C (2005). Taking Stock: An overview of toilet provision and standards, Bristol: University of the West of England, Available from: http://kb.keepbritaintidy.org/ toilets/publications/stock.pdf (Accessed 27th July 2010). Greshenson O and Penner B (2009). Ladies and Gents Public Toilets and Gender, Philadelphia: Temple University Press. Hanson J, Begg N and Greed C (2007). The Accessible Public Toilet Resource Manual, London: University College London. Heinze J E (1985). Bar soap and liquid soap. Journal of the American Medical Association, 253 (11), p.1561. Heinze J E and Yackovich F (1988). Washing with contaminated bar soap is unlikely to transfer bacteria. Epidemiology & Infection, 101 (2), pp.135-42. Kabara J J and Brady M B (1984). Contamination of bar soaps under "in use" condition. Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology, 5 (4), pp.1-14. Lanoë N (2002). Ogier’s reading research: How to make research more approachable (3rd edition), London: Baillière Tindall. Lockwood J (2001). The lockwood Survey: capturing, catering and caring for consumers, Huddersfield: Urban Management Initiatives. Miyanishi Y (1996). Comfortable public toilets: design and maintenance manual, Toyama: City Planning Department. Office of the Deputy Prime Minister (2004). Access and facilities for disabled people: Approved Document M, London: Office of the Deputy Prime Minister. Oxford City Council (2009). Your Views on Public Toilets in Oxford. Oxford: Oxford City Council Consultations, Available from: http://consultation.oxford.gov.uk/ consult.ti/publictoilets/consultationHome (Accessed 5th August 2010) (Internet). Polit D and Beck CT (2008). Nursing Research: Generating and Assessing Evidence for Nursing Practice (8th edition), London: Lippincott. Public Health Act (1936). (1 Edw. VII, C.87), London: HMSO. Restroom Association (Singapore) (2006). A guide to better public toilet design and maintenance, Singapore: Restroom Association, Available from: www.toilet.org.sg (Accessed 28th July 2010). Salkind N J (2007). Statistics for people who (think they) hate statistics (2nd edition), London: Sage. Sex Discrimination Act (2008). The Sex Discrimination Act 1975, Amendment Regulations 2008, London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office. States of Guernsey (2010). Guernsey Facts and Figures 2010, St Peter Port: Policy Council. Thomas S A (2000). How to write health sciences papers, dissertations and theses, London: Churchill Livingstone.

PY - 2012/3/1

Y1 - 2012/3/1

N2 - In recent years there has been a decline in the state ofpublic toilets and, with over 50% of the public toiletsbeing closed, this has become a cause for public concern.Local authorities have no legal requirement to providepublic toilets and because of this some towns have nopublic toilet provision. The aim of this study was toinvestigate the adequacy and provision of the publictoilets on the Island of Guernsey. This investigation wasundertaken through observation of the 30 public toiletblocks and a questionnaire exploring the provision of thepublic toilets, emailed to a representative sample of theIsland population. All 18 of the toilets for those withdisabilities, 26 (out of 30) of the male and 27 (out of 30)of the female public toilets were observed and theresponse rate to the questionnaire was 48% (n=264).Results confirmed that there are an adequate number ofpublic toilet facilities for the Island’s population inaccordance with the British Standards. Fifty-five per centof respondents were satisfied or very satisfied with thenumber of facilities. However concerns were expressedabout the number of the public toilet that were closedduring the winter months and the proposed closure oftoilets in an effort to save money. The researchconcluded that the adequacy, provision and impressionof the public toilets on Guernsey was good, but moreattention needs to be given to year-round availabilityand the additional facilities required within them.

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KW - Public Toilets

KW - WC

KW - Lavatory

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KW - behaviour

KW - Disabled Toilets

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