BACKGROUND:The current study investigated the underlying dimensionality of DSM-5 posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in a trauma-exposed Chinese adolescent sample using a confirmatory factor analytic (CFA) alternative model approach.METHODS:The sample consisted of 559 students (242 females and 314 males) ranging in age from 12 to 18 years (M = 15.8, SD = 1.3). Participants completed the PTSD Checklist for DSM-5, the Major Depression Disorder and Panic Disorder subscales of the Revised Children's Anxiety and Depression Scale, and the Aggressive Behavior subscale of the Youth Self-Report.RESULTS:Confirmatory factor analytic results indicated that a seven-factor model comprised of intrusion, avoidance, negative affect, anhedonia, externalizing behavior, anxious arousal, and dysphoric arousal factors emerged as the best-fitting model. Further analyses showed that the external measures of psychopathological variables including major depressive disorder, panic disorder, and aggressive behavior were differentially associated with the resultant factors.CONCLUSIONS:These findings support and extend previous findings for the newly refined seven-factor hybrid model, and carry clinical and research implications for trauma-related psychopathology.
- Posttraumatic stress disorder
- confirmatory factor analysis
Liu, L., Wang, L., Cao, C., Qing, Y., & Armour, C. (2015). Testing the dimensional structure ofDSM-5posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms in a nonclinical trauma-exposed adolescent sample. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 57(2), 204-212. https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpp.12462