Terrorist Incidents in India, 1998-2004: A Quantitative Analysis of Fatality Rates

Vani Borooah

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Using data from the University of Maryland’s Global Terrorism Database II, this paper first provides information on the nature of terrorist incidents in India in the period 1998-2004: the Indian states that were worst affected by terrorist incidents and fatalities; the terrorist groups responsible for such incidents and their modus operandi. Next, the paper focuses on the issue of fatalities from terrorist incidents. It inquires into the extent to which the number of fatalities following an incident was influenced by the type of attack (bombings, armed assault etc.) and the extent to which it was influenced by the type of terrorist group. By examining the number of fatalities resulting from terrorist attacks in India, the paper disentangles the influence on this number of attack type and attack group. Lastly, the paper applies Atkinson’s concept of equality-adjusted income to terrorism to arrive at the concept of equality-adjusted deaths from terrorist incidents: in order to avoid spectacular incidents resulting in the loss of a large number of lives – as in New York on September 11, 2001 and in Mumbai 26-29 November 2008 – “society” might be prepared to tolerate “low-grade” terrorism which resulted in a larger number of deaths in total but avoided a large number of deaths from a single iconic incident.
    LanguageEnglish
    Pages476-498
    JournalTerrorism and Political Violence
    Volume21
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2009

    Fingerprint

    Terrorism
    incident
    India
    Chemical analysis
    Bombing
    terrorism
    death
    equality
    Group
    September 11, 2001
    assault
    income

    Keywords

    • Terrorism
    • Terrorist groups
    • Attack Type
    • India

    Cite this

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    title = "Terrorist Incidents in India, 1998-2004: A Quantitative Analysis of Fatality Rates",
    abstract = "Using data from the University of Maryland’s Global Terrorism Database II, this paper first provides information on the nature of terrorist incidents in India in the period 1998-2004: the Indian states that were worst affected by terrorist incidents and fatalities; the terrorist groups responsible for such incidents and their modus operandi. Next, the paper focuses on the issue of fatalities from terrorist incidents. It inquires into the extent to which the number of fatalities following an incident was influenced by the type of attack (bombings, armed assault etc.) and the extent to which it was influenced by the type of terrorist group. By examining the number of fatalities resulting from terrorist attacks in India, the paper disentangles the influence on this number of attack type and attack group. Lastly, the paper applies Atkinson’s concept of equality-adjusted income to terrorism to arrive at the concept of equality-adjusted deaths from terrorist incidents: in order to avoid spectacular incidents resulting in the loss of a large number of lives – as in New York on September 11, 2001 and in Mumbai 26-29 November 2008 – “society” might be prepared to tolerate “low-grade” terrorism which resulted in a larger number of deaths in total but avoided a large number of deaths from a single iconic incident.",
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    author = "Vani Borooah",
    note = "Reference text: Abadie, A., Gardeazabal, J. (2003), “The Economic Costs of Conflict”: a Case Study for the Basque Country”, American Economic Review, vol. 93, pp. 113-32. Blinder, A.S. (1973), “Wage Discrimination: Reduced Form and Structural Estimates”, Journal of Human Resources, vol. 8, pp. 436-455. Anand, S. and A. Sen (1997). Concepts of Human Development and Poverty: A Multidimensional Perspective, Human Development Report 1997 Papers, New York, UNDP. Atkinson, A.B. (1970). “On the Measurement of Inequality.” Journal of Economic Theory vol. 2, pp. 244-263. Enders, W., Parise, G.F., and Sandler, T. (1992), “An Econometric Analysis of the Impact of Terrorism on Tourism”, Kyklos, vol. 45, pp. 531-54. Enders, W. and Sandler, T. (1996), “Terrorism and Foreign Direct Investment in Greece and Spain”, Kyklos, vol. 49, pp. 331-52. Frey, B.S. (2004), Dealing with Terrorism – Stick or Carrot?, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar. Haqqani, H. (2005), “Casting the Wrong Blame”, Wall Street Journal, July 22. LaFree, G; Dugan, L; Fogg, H. V.; Scott, J., (2006) {"}Building a Global Terrorism Database.{"} NCJ 214260, United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice, Apr 27, 2006. (http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/214260.pdf). LaFree, G, and Dugan, L. (2008),. Global Terrorism Database II, 1998-2004 [Computer file]. ICPSR22600-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2008-10-23. doi:10.3886/ICPSR22600 Nitsch, V. and Schumacher, D. (2004), “Terrorism and international trade: an empirical investigation”, European Journal of Political Economy, vol. 20, pp. 423-33. Oaxaca, R. (1973), “Male-Female Wage Differentials in Urban Labor Markets”, International Economic Review, vol. 14, pp. 693-709.",
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    Terrorist Incidents in India, 1998-2004: A Quantitative Analysis of Fatality Rates. / Borooah, Vani.

    In: Terrorism and Political Violence, Vol. 21, 2009, p. 476-498.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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