Terrorism and the abnormality of sport in Northern Ireland

David Hassan, Philip O'Kane

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This article examines the rationale for the limited use of sport by a range of paramilitary rganizations in Northern Ireland to supplement their wider political and ideological aspirations. In any divided society all aspects of life are recruited to reveal and occasionally contribute to this separation and periodically, when seeking to attack or undermine ‘the other’, their sporting pursuits and interests become part of any military offensive. Whilst it is wrong to suggest that sport was a consistent or substantial factor in the ethno-sectarian conflict in Northern Ireland, which unfolded over the latter part of the 20th century, it was used in a strategic manner by terror organizations and thus its deployment was rarely ill-conceived even if the outcomes of their actions were almost always unjustifiable and, ultimately, futile.
LanguageEnglish
Pages397-413
JournalInternational Review for the Sociology of Sport
Volume47
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2012

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terrorism
Sports
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Military
Society

Keywords

  • Sport
  • Terrorism
  • Northern Ireland

Cite this

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title = "Terrorism and the abnormality of sport in Northern Ireland",
abstract = "This article examines the rationale for the limited use of sport by a range of paramilitary rganizations in Northern Ireland to supplement their wider political and ideological aspirations. In any divided society all aspects of life are recruited to reveal and occasionally contribute to this separation and periodically, when seeking to attack or undermine ‘the other’, their sporting pursuits and interests become part of any military offensive. Whilst it is wrong to suggest that sport was a consistent or substantial factor in the ethno-sectarian conflict in Northern Ireland, which unfolded over the latter part of the 20th century, it was used in a strategic manner by terror organizations and thus its deployment was rarely ill-conceived even if the outcomes of their actions were almost always unjustifiable and, ultimately, futile.",
keywords = "Sport, Terrorism, Northern Ireland",
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note = "Reference text: Arthur P (1990) Government & Politics of Northern Ireland. London: Longman. Bairner A (1999) Soccer, masculinity, and violence in Northern Ireland: Between hooliganism and terrorism. Men and Masculinities 3: 284–301. Bairner A and Sugden J (1999) Sport in divided societies. In: Sugden J and Bairner A (eds) Sport in Divided Societies. Oxford: Meyer and Meyer, 1–13. Boyle P and Haggerty K (2009) Spectacular security: Mega-events and the security complex. International Political Sociology 3: 257–274. Caulfield M (1995) The Easter Rebellion. Dublin: Gill & MacMillan. Coaffee J (2010) Strategic security planning and the resilient design of Olympic sites. In: Richards A, Fussey P and Silke A (eds) Terrorism and the Olympics: Major Event Security and Lessons for the Future. London: Routledge. Coogan TP (1996) The Troubles: Ireland’s Ordeal 1966– 1996 and the Search for Peace. London: Arrow Books. Coogan TP (2000) The IRA. London: HarperCollins Publishers. Community Relations Council (2010) Response to the Consultation on the Programme for Cohesion, Sharing and Integration Consultation, Belfast. de B{\'u}rca M (1991) The Story of the GAA, 2nd edn. Dublin: Gill & Macmillan. Dodd V (2009) Police powers for 2012 Olympics alarm critics. The Guardian online, 21 July, available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2009/jul/21/olympics2012-–civil-–liberties (accessed: 25 September 2010). Fahy D (2001) How the GAA Survived the Troubles. Dublin: Merlin Publishing. Falcous M and Silk M (2010) Olympic bidding, multicultural nationalism, terror, and the epistemological violence of ‘making Britain proud’. Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism 10: 167–186. Giulianotti R and Klauser F (2009) Security governance and sport mega-events: Toward an interdisciplinary research agenda. Journal of Sport and Social Issues 34: 49–61. Hamber B and Kelly G (2004) A working definition of reconciliation. Occasional paper published by Democratic Dialogue, Belfast. Harris R (1986) Prejudice and Tolerance in Ulster: A Study of Neighbours and ‘Strangers’ in a Border Community. Manchester: Manchester University Press. Hassan D (2005a) An opportunity for a new beginning: Soccer, Irish nationalists and the construction of a new multi-sports stadium for Northern Ireland. Soccer and Society 7(2–3): 339–352. Hassan D (2005b) The GAA, Rule 21 and police reform in Northern Ireland. Journal of Sport and Social Issues 29(1): 60–78. Hassan D, McCullough S and Moreland E (2009) North or south? Darron Gibson and the issue of player eligibility within Irish soccer. Soccer and Society 10(6): 740–753. Kee R (1989a) The Green Flag: Volume II: The Bold Fenian Men. London: Penguin Books. Kee R (1989b) The Green Flag: Volume III: Ourselves Alone. London: Penguin Books. Lee JJ (1991) Ireland 1912– 1985: Politics and Society. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. McEvoy-Levy S (2006) Troublemakers or Peacemakers? Youth and Post-Accord Peace Building. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press. Murphy W (2009) The GAA in the Irish Revolution, 1913–23. In: Cronin M, Murphy W and Rouse P (eds) The Gaelic Athletic Association, 1884–2009. Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 61–76. Richards A (2010) Terrorism, the Olympics and sport: Recent events and concerns for the future. In: Richards A, Fussey P and Silke A (eds) Terrorism and the Olympics: Major Event Security and Lessons for the Future. London: Routledge. Roche R (1995) The Norman Invasion of Ireland. Dublin: Anvil Books. Shirlow P and Murtagh B (2006) Belfast – Segregation, Violence & the City. Dublin: Pluto. Sugden J and Bairner A (1986) Northern Ireland: Sport in a divided society. In: Allison L (ed.) The Politics of Sport. Manchester: Manchester University Press. Sugden J and Bairner A (1993) Sport, Sectarianism and Society in a Divided Ireland. Leicester: Leicester University Press. Van Esbeck E (1999) Irish Rugby 1874–1999: A History. Dublin: Gill and Macmillan.",
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Terrorism and the abnormality of sport in Northern Ireland. / Hassan, David; O'Kane, Philip.

In: International Review for the Sociology of Sport, Vol. 47, No. 3, 01.06.2012, p. 397-413.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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