Taking Boys Seriously: A Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Male School-Life Experiences in Northern Ireland.

Ken Harland, Sam McCready

    Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned report

    Abstract

    This report presents the findings of a five year longitudinal study (2006-2011) carried out by TheCentre for Young Men’s Studies at the University of Ulster in collaboration with YouthAction Northern Ireland and funded by the Department of Education and the Department of Justice.The research was initiated in response to concerns about boys’ educational underachievement and wider concerns about boys’ health and well-being. The longitudinal aspect of the study makes a significant contribution to how we can better understand and appreciate reasons why certain boys may struggle at school and therefore not achieve more successful educational outcomes.
    LanguageEnglish
    Number of pages112
    Publication statusPublished - 28 Nov 2012

    Fingerprint

    longitudinal study
    adolescent
    school
    experience
    well-being
    justice
    health
    education

    Keywords

    • Boys educational underachievement
    • barriers to learning
    • masculinity
    • violence
    • youth work methodologies
    • relationships

    Cite this

    @book{598bb17aa90b49c7810c29a55ae898a8,
    title = "Taking Boys Seriously: A Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Male School-Life Experiences in Northern Ireland.",
    abstract = "This report presents the findings of a five year longitudinal study (2006-2011) carried out by TheCentre for Young Men’s Studies at the University of Ulster in collaboration with YouthAction Northern Ireland and funded by the Department of Education and the Department of Justice.The research was initiated in response to concerns about boys’ educational underachievement and wider concerns about boys’ health and well-being. The longitudinal aspect of the study makes a significant contribution to how we can better understand and appreciate reasons why certain boys may struggle at school and therefore not achieve more successful educational outcomes.",
    keywords = "Boys educational underachievement, barriers to learning, masculinity, violence, youth work methodologies, relationships",
    author = "Ken Harland and Sam McCready",
    note = "The report has made recommendations aimed at schools, principals, policy makers and practitioners which have important pedagogical implications for teaching, engaging and working with boys. Equally important it also offers many pragmatic and cost neutral ways to support teachers in the classroom to help boys make better connections between school and their wider social, emotional and developmental needs. This is not to suggest that this will be easy. Rather it may mean all those who are concerned about boys being more committed to ‘Taking Boys Seriously’ and becoming more conscious of the need to find creative and gender specific ways to engage, support and excite boys throughout their education and development. Reference text: REFERENCES Alexander, R. (2008) Essays on Pedagogy. Abingdon: Routledge. Askew, S & Ross, C.(1988): Boys Don’t Cry: Boys and Sexism in Education, Open University, Milton Keynes Bamford, D. (2006) The Bamford Review of Mental Health and Disability (NI). Available at http://www.dhsspsni.gov.uk/mentalhealth-promotion-report.pdf Barr, A, Kilpatrick, R & Lundy, L (2000): School exclusions: lessons from Northern Ireland. Education and the Law, Vol 12, No 3, 1 September 2000, pp 165-75(11). Routledge, London. Bennett, J. (2010) Youth Unemployment in Northern in Ireland. Economic Research Institute for Northern Ireland. Available at. http://www.northernchildrensservices.org/docs/whatshappening/youth{\%}20Unemployment{\%}20NI.pdf Bradshaw, J., Ager, R,. Burge, B. and Wheater, R. (2010) PISA 2009: Achievement of 15 year olds in Northern Ireland. Slough: NFER. Brett G. Stoudt, B. G. (2006) {"}You're Either In or You're Out{"}: School Violence, Peer Discipline, and the (Re)Production of Hegemonic Masculinity. Men and Masculinities. 8; 273 Burrows, H., Berrisford, J. and Ward, J. (2011) Working with Children. In Barnard, A. (Ed) Key Themes in Health and Social Care: A companion to learning. Routledge: London. Chief Inspector’s Annual Report NI Executive 2009. Chief Inspector’s Report (2010) The Education and Training Inspectorate - 2008-2010. Coburn, A. (2010) Youth work and border pedagogy. In Batsleer, J. and Davies, B. (Eds) What is Youth Work? Learning matters. Exeter. Cohen, S. (1987) Folk Devils and Moral Panics. London: MacGibbon and Kee Cohen, L., Manion, L. and Morrison, K. (2011) Research methods in Education. Routledge. Coleman, J.C. (2011) The Nature of Adolescence. (4th Ed) Routledge: Hove. Connell RW (1989): Cool Guys, Swots and Wimps: The interplay of masculinity and education, Oxford Review of Education, 15(3), pp291-303 Coulson, B. And Hallam, B. (2011) The Individual in Society. In Barnard, A. (Ed) Key Themes in Health and Social Care: A companion to learning. Routledge: London. DENI (2007) Literacy / Numeracy – Lessons from Northern Ireland Audit Office and House of Commons Public Accounts Committee. Circular Number: 2007/11. Date of Issue: 30 March 2007 DENI (2008) Literacy and Numeracy of Pupils in Northern Ireland by PricewaterhouseCoopers. Research Report No 49, 2008. Department of Education (2009) Every school a Good School: A Policy for School Improvement. http://www.deni.gov.uk/esags_policy_for_school_improvement_-_final_version_05-05-2009.pdf Department of Education (2010- 2011) Business Plan. http://www.deni.gov.uk/de_business_plan_2010_-_11_english_pdf_version.pdf Department of Education (2010) Delivering the Entitlement Framework by 2013. Guidance for Schools on the next phase of implementation. http://www.deni.gov.uk/entitlement_framework_2010-11_guidance_-_english_version__193kb_-5.pdf (accessed 9/5/2011) Department of Education (March, 2011) ‘Count, Read: Succeed: A strategy for improving outcomes in Literacy & Numeracy’ http://www.deni.gov.uk/crs_strategy_literacy_and_numeracy_english.pdf (accessed 20 / 08/ 2011) Department of Education (March, 2011) School Meals in Northern Ireland. Theme: Children, Education and Skills. Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency. http://www.deni.gov.uk/school_meals_2010_11.pdf Accessed 25/08/2011. Department of Education (2006) Extended School: schools, families, communities. http://www.deni.gov.uk/extended_schools_-_revised_02-05-07.pdf Department of Education (2011) GCSE Headline Statistics 2010 / 2011. Available at: http://www.deni.gov.uk/index/80-curriculum-and-assessment/115-curriculum-and-assessment-qualifications-pg/gcse_headline_statistics_2011-2.htm Department of Education (2011) Suspension Statistics 2010 / 2011. Available at: http://www.deni.gov.uk/suspension_statistics_2010-11_22.6kb.pdf Accessed on 20/1/2012 Department of Enterprise, Trade and Investment (2011) DETI Economic Commentary. http://www.detini.gov.uk/deti_economic_commentary_-_nov_2011.pdf Accessed 10/1/2012 Duckworth, K., Ackerman, R., Gutman, L.M. and Vorhaus, J. (2009) Influences and Leverages on low levels of attainment: A review of literature and policy initiatives. 31. Centre for Research Dyson A `Beyond the school gates: Context, Disadvantage in Urban schools` in Ainscow M and West M (eds) `Improving Urban Schools’ (2006) OU Press Eaude, T. (2011) Thinking through pedagogy for Primary and early Years. Learning Matters: Exeter. Evangelou, M., Taggart, B., Sylva, K., Sammons, P. And Sirjaj-Blatchford, I. (2008) What makes a successful transitionformprimarytosecondary school? Department for Children, Schools and Families. London. Every Child Matters – leading schools to promote social inclusion: a study of practice. (2007) National College for School Leadership. NCSL publications. Flammer, A., & Alsaker, F. D. (2006). Adolescents in school. In S. Jackson & L. Goossens (Eds.), Handbook of adolescent development: European perspectives (pp. 223-245). Hove, UK: Psychology Press. Flood M. Suicide. In: Flood M, Kegan Gardiner J, Pease B, Pringle K, editors. International encyclopaedia of men and masculinities. London: Routledge, 2007. Foster V, Kimmel M & Skelton C (2009): What About the Boys? An overview of the debates in Martino W, Kehler M & Weaver-Hightower M (eds): The Problem with Boys’ Education: beyond the backlash, Routledge, London Furlong, A. (2009) . In Furlong, A. (Ed) Handbook of Youth and Young Adulthood. Routledge: London Gallagher, A.M. (1997). Educational achievement and gender: A review of research evidence on the apparent underachievement of boys. DENI Research Report No. 6. Bangor: DENI. Gallagher, A.M. (1998): Gender and achievement: evidence from Northern Ireland, International Journal of Inclusive Education, 2:2, 155-167 Galway, C. Speech to Youthnet annual conference 2010. Geldard and Geldard, 2010, p19 - 28). Counselling Adolescents: The Proactive Approach for Young People (3rd Ed) Sage: London Smith, M. (2009) Social Pedagogy. Infed. Available at; www.infed.org/biblio/b-socped Accessed 6/2/2012 Goodman R (1997) {"}The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire: A Research Note.{"} Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 38, 581-586. Goodman, R,. Meltzer, H., and bailey, V. (1998) The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire: a pilot study on the validity of the self-report version. European Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Vol. 7 p 125-130. Goodman A & Gregg P. (2010): Poorer Children’s Educational Attainment: how important are attitudes and behaviour? Joseph Rowntree Foundation, York. Gray, A.M, & Horgan, G (2009): Figuring it Out: Looking Behind the Social Statistics in Northern Ireland, ARK Northern Ireland. Harland, K (1997). Young men talking - Voices from Belfast. London: Youth Action (NI) and Working with Men Publishers. Harland, K (2000). Men and masculinity: an ethnographic study in to the construction of masculine identities in inner city Belfast. Unpublished Doctoral thesis. University of Ulster. Harland, K. and Morgan, S. (2003), “Youth work with Young Men in Northern Ireland: An advocacy approach”. Youth and Policy, Vol. 81. Harland, K,. Morgan, T. and Muldoon, O. (2005) The Nature of Youth Work in Northern Ireland: Purpose, Contribution and Challenges. University of Ulster and Queens University Belfast Publications. Harland, K., Harvey, C., McCready, S,. Morgan, T. (2005) Their Weight in Gold: An investigation into the careers of Community Youth Work Graduates 1972 – 2001. Youth & Policy: Journal of Critical Analysis Vol. 86. Harland, K,. Beattie, K. and McCready, S. (Dec, 2005) Young Men and the Squeeze of Masculinity. Centre for Young Men’s Studies. Occasional Paper. No 1. University of Ulster Publication. Harland, K. and Morgan. T. (2006) The Nature of Youth Work in Northern Ireland: Emerging themes and challenges. Journal of Irish Youth Issues Vol. 1 No 1. (Autumn) Harland, K. (2008) Masculinity and Mental Health. Available at http://www.healthpromotionagency.org.uk/Resources/mental/pdfs/masculinity{\%}20and{\%}20mental{\%}20health.pdf. Health Promotion Agency NI Accessed 30/09/08. Harland, K and McCready, S. (2010) Finding Positive Responses to Young Men’s Experiences of Violence and Personal Safety. Queen’s University, Shared Spaces. Community Relations Council publications. Issue 10. Harland, K. (2011) Violent Youth Culture in Northern Ireland: Young Men, Violence and the Challenges of Peacebuilding. Youth & Society. Volume 43 Issue 2 June 2011 pp. 422 - 430. Harris, b. (2011) Working with Distressed Young People. Learning Matters: Exeter Heller, N.R. and Rozas, L. W. (2010) Anxiety Conditions. In Heller, N.R. and Gitterman, A. (Eds) Mental health and Social problems: A Social Work perspective. Routledge: New York. p 356 – 380. Horgan, G (2007) The impact of poverty on young children’s experience of school. Joseph Rowntree Foundation and Save the Children. Horgan, G. (2011) The Making of an Outsider: Growing Up in poverty in Northern Ireland. Youth & Society 43(2) 453– 467 JCQ (2011) Applied GCSE and Entry level Results (Summer). Jeffs, T. and Smith, M. (2010) (Eds) Youth Work Practice. London: Palgrave McMillan Johnston, J. and Rooney, E. (1987) Gender differences in education. In R.J. Cormack, R.L. Miller and Julkunen, I. (2009) Youth Unemployment and marginalisation. In Furlong, A. (Ed) Handbook of Youth and Young Adulthood. Routledge: London Katz A, Buchanan A, McCoy A. Young men speak out. Ewell, Surrey: Samaritans, 1999. Keddie, A. (2006) Pedagogies and critical reflection: key understandings for transformative gender justice. Gender and Education. Vol 18, No 1.( P99-114). Kimmel, M., Hearn, J. and Connell, R.W. (2005) Handbook of Studies on Men & Masculinities. London: Sage. Labour Force Survey (2011) Lloyd (2009): Boys’ Underachievement. Centre for Young Men’s Studies, Ulster University. Lloyd, T. (2012) The ‘Boys Ready for Learning Project’. Adapted from source document supplied by the author. Available at: www.boysdevelopmentproject.org.uk Mac an Ghaill, M. (1994) The making of men: Masculinities, sexualities and schooling. Buckingham, UK: Open University Press. McAleese, D. (2009, October 21). Belfast Telegraph, p. 8. McAlister, S., Scraton, P., & Haydon, D. (2009). Childhood in transition: Experiencing marginalisation and conflict in Northern Ireland. Belfast, UK: Queen’s University/Save the Children/Prince’s Trust. McCready, S. Harland, K. and Walsh, C. (2010) Adolescent Males Talking about Post Primary School Experiences. Centre for Young Men’s Publications. University of Ulster. McCready, S. (2011) Critique and Review of The Big Deal: Participation. Report to YouthNet. McKee, V. (2011) Freedom, Fairness and Responsibility: Youth Work offers the way forward. Youth & Policy. Vol. 106. P 9 – 26. Majors, R. (2001): Educating Our Black Children, Routledge Falmer, London Millennium Cohort Study Third Survey: A User's Guide to Initial Findings (2008). Centre for Longitudinal Studies. Mortimer, J. (2009) Changing Experiences in Work. In Furlong, A. (Ed) Handbook of Youth and Young Adulthood. Routledge: London Northern Ireland Assembly (2001) Selected current research in gender and educational attainment. Research Paper 06/01. Research and Library Services. Available at: http://www.niauditoffice.gov.uk/pubs/LiteracyandNumeracy/fullreport.pdf Northern Ireland Audit Office (March, 2006) Improving Literacy and Numeracy in Schools. Report by the Comptroller and Auditor General. HC 953, Session 2005-06. Northern Ireland Council for Curriculum, Examination and Assessment (1999) School Improvement: Focus on Boys. Office for National Statistics. (2010) Available at http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/taxonomy/index.html?nscl=Higher+Education+Students OFMDFM (2001) Report on participation rates in further education. University of Ulster. Available at www.ofmdfmni.gov.uk/partrate.pdf. Osborne, R. D. (Ed), Education and Policy in Northern Ireland (Belfast: Policy Research Institute). Parsons, C (2010): Behaviour and Discipline in Schools. Memorandum submitted by Carl Parsons, visiting Professor of Educational and Social Inclusion, Centre for Children, Schools and Families, University of Greenwich. Perry, C. (2010) Successful Post-Primary Schools Serving Disadvantaged Communities. Research and Library Services paper. Northern Ireland assembly. Paper 601. Pollard, A. And Filer, A. Director of Teaching and Learning Research Programme publication: “Principles into Practice” (June 2007). Princes Trust (2007) The Cost of Exclusion: Counting the Cost of Youth Disadvantage in the UK. Available at: http://www.princes-trust.org.uk/PDF/Princes{\%}20Trust{\%}20Research{\%}20Cost{\%}20of{\%}20Exclusion{\%}20apr07.pdf Princes Trust (2010) The Cost of Exclusion 2010. Available at: http://www.princes-trust.org.uk/about_the_trust/headline_news/national_news_2011/cost_of_exclusion_2010.aspx Purvis. D. (2011) Educational Disadvantage and the Protestant Working Class: A Call to Action. Dawn Purvis MLA on behalf of the working group. Ravens-Sieberer, U. et al., Power, M.J. (2007). The KIDSCREEN-27 quality of life measure for children and adolescents: Psychometric results from a cross-cultural survey in 13 European countries. Quality of Life Research, 16, 1347-1356 Rajmil, L. et al., Power, M.J. (2004). Generic health-related quality of life instruments in children and adolescents: A qualitative analysis of content. Journal of Adolescent Health, 34, 37-45 Reilly, J., Muldoon, O. and Bryne, C. (2004), “Young Men as Victims and Perpetrators of Violence in Northern Ireland”. Journal of Social Issues, vol. 60, No. 3, 2004, pp. 469-484. Richardson, H. and Sellgren, K. (2012) Official Government Data on young people in England lagging behind not catching up. Available at: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/education-16721884 Rugk{\aa}sa, J, Stewart-Knox, B, Sittlington, J, Santos Abaunza, P and Treacy, MP (2003): Hard boys, attractive girls: expressions of gender in young people’s conversations on smoking in Northern Ireland. Health Promotion International, Volume 18, Issue 4, pp 307-14. Salisbury, J. & Jackson, D. (1996) Challenging Macho Values (practical ways for working with adolescent boys). Falmer Press, London. Shipman K & Hicks K (1998): How Can Teachers Motivate Less Able Boys? Elliott School, London. A summary of this TTA-funded teacher research is available at: www.tta.gov.uk/assets/itt/providers/research/grant/97-98/tta9915.pdf. Swain, J. (2006) Reflections on Patterns of Masculinity in School Settings. Men and Masculinities. 8; 331 The Joseph Rowntree Foundation (2012) Monitoring Poverty and Social Exclusion in Northern Ireland 2012. New Policy Institute Updates. Available at: www.jrf.org.uk Torney, K: ‘Shock as 7,000 school suspensions toll revealed.’ Belfast Telegraph, 4 June 2003. UK National Occupational Standards for Youth Work. Launch March 2009. UNICEF (2008) UNICEF global databases, 2008, and UNESCO Institute for Statistics Data Centre, 2008. A League Table of Educational Disadvantage in Rich Nations. Innocenti Report Card 4. Florence: Innocenti Research Centre Weare, K. and Gray, G. (2003) {"}What works in developing children`s emotional and social competence and well-being? Department for Education and Skills. Weinberger, D. R., Elvegag, B., and Gield, J. N. (2005). The Adolescent Brain: A work in process. National campaign to prevent teenage pregnancy Publications. Available at: http://www.thenationalcampaign.org/resources/pdf/BRAIN.pdf Willis, P. (1977) Learning to Labour, Saxon House, Aldershot. Woods S and White E. 2005. The association between bullying behaviour, arousal levels and behaviour problems. Journal of Adolescence. 28(3):381-95. World Health Organization. Atlas: child and adolescent resources: global concerns, implications for future action. Geneva: WHO, 2005. Youth Service Sectoral Partnership Group Policy and Practice Framework paper (2010)",
    year = "2012",
    month = "11",
    day = "28",
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    }

    Taking Boys Seriously: A Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Male School-Life Experiences in Northern Ireland. / Harland, Ken; McCready, Sam.

    2012. 112 p.

    Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned report

    TY - BOOK

    T1 - Taking Boys Seriously: A Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Male School-Life Experiences in Northern Ireland.

    AU - Harland, Ken

    AU - McCready, Sam

    N1 - The report has made recommendations aimed at schools, principals, policy makers and practitioners which have important pedagogical implications for teaching, engaging and working with boys. Equally important it also offers many pragmatic and cost neutral ways to support teachers in the classroom to help boys make better connections between school and their wider social, emotional and developmental needs. This is not to suggest that this will be easy. Rather it may mean all those who are concerned about boys being more committed to ‘Taking Boys Seriously’ and becoming more conscious of the need to find creative and gender specific ways to engage, support and excite boys throughout their education and development. Reference text: REFERENCES Alexander, R. (2008) Essays on Pedagogy. Abingdon: Routledge. Askew, S & Ross, C.(1988): Boys Don’t Cry: Boys and Sexism in Education, Open University, Milton Keynes Bamford, D. (2006) The Bamford Review of Mental Health and Disability (NI). Available at http://www.dhsspsni.gov.uk/mentalhealth-promotion-report.pdf Barr, A, Kilpatrick, R & Lundy, L (2000): School exclusions: lessons from Northern Ireland. Education and the Law, Vol 12, No 3, 1 September 2000, pp 165-75(11). Routledge, London. Bennett, J. (2010) Youth Unemployment in Northern in Ireland. Economic Research Institute for Northern Ireland. Available at. http://www.northernchildrensservices.org/docs/whatshappening/youth%20Unemployment%20NI.pdf Bradshaw, J., Ager, R,. Burge, B. and Wheater, R. (2010) PISA 2009: Achievement of 15 year olds in Northern Ireland. Slough: NFER. Brett G. Stoudt, B. G. (2006) "You're Either In or You're Out": School Violence, Peer Discipline, and the (Re)Production of Hegemonic Masculinity. Men and Masculinities. 8; 273 Burrows, H., Berrisford, J. and Ward, J. (2011) Working with Children. In Barnard, A. (Ed) Key Themes in Health and Social Care: A companion to learning. Routledge: London. Chief Inspector’s Annual Report NI Executive 2009. Chief Inspector’s Report (2010) The Education and Training Inspectorate - 2008-2010. Coburn, A. (2010) Youth work and border pedagogy. In Batsleer, J. and Davies, B. (Eds) What is Youth Work? Learning matters. Exeter. Cohen, S. (1987) Folk Devils and Moral Panics. London: MacGibbon and Kee Cohen, L., Manion, L. and Morrison, K. (2011) Research methods in Education. Routledge. Coleman, J.C. (2011) The Nature of Adolescence. (4th Ed) Routledge: Hove. Connell RW (1989): Cool Guys, Swots and Wimps: The interplay of masculinity and education, Oxford Review of Education, 15(3), pp291-303 Coulson, B. And Hallam, B. (2011) The Individual in Society. In Barnard, A. (Ed) Key Themes in Health and Social Care: A companion to learning. Routledge: London. DENI (2007) Literacy / Numeracy – Lessons from Northern Ireland Audit Office and House of Commons Public Accounts Committee. Circular Number: 2007/11. Date of Issue: 30 March 2007 DENI (2008) Literacy and Numeracy of Pupils in Northern Ireland by PricewaterhouseCoopers. Research Report No 49, 2008. Department of Education (2009) Every school a Good School: A Policy for School Improvement. http://www.deni.gov.uk/esags_policy_for_school_improvement_-_final_version_05-05-2009.pdf Department of Education (2010- 2011) Business Plan. http://www.deni.gov.uk/de_business_plan_2010_-_11_english_pdf_version.pdf Department of Education (2010) Delivering the Entitlement Framework by 2013. Guidance for Schools on the next phase of implementation. http://www.deni.gov.uk/entitlement_framework_2010-11_guidance_-_english_version__193kb_-5.pdf (accessed 9/5/2011) Department of Education (March, 2011) ‘Count, Read: Succeed: A strategy for improving outcomes in Literacy & Numeracy’ http://www.deni.gov.uk/crs_strategy_literacy_and_numeracy_english.pdf (accessed 20 / 08/ 2011) Department of Education (March, 2011) School Meals in Northern Ireland. Theme: Children, Education and Skills. Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency. http://www.deni.gov.uk/school_meals_2010_11.pdf Accessed 25/08/2011. Department of Education (2006) Extended School: schools, families, communities. http://www.deni.gov.uk/extended_schools_-_revised_02-05-07.pdf Department of Education (2011) GCSE Headline Statistics 2010 / 2011. Available at: http://www.deni.gov.uk/index/80-curriculum-and-assessment/115-curriculum-and-assessment-qualifications-pg/gcse_headline_statistics_2011-2.htm Department of Education (2011) Suspension Statistics 2010 / 2011. Available at: http://www.deni.gov.uk/suspension_statistics_2010-11_22.6kb.pdf Accessed on 20/1/2012 Department of Enterprise, Trade and Investment (2011) DETI Economic Commentary. http://www.detini.gov.uk/deti_economic_commentary_-_nov_2011.pdf Accessed 10/1/2012 Duckworth, K., Ackerman, R., Gutman, L.M. and Vorhaus, J. (2009) Influences and Leverages on low levels of attainment: A review of literature and policy initiatives. 31. Centre for Research Dyson A `Beyond the school gates: Context, Disadvantage in Urban schools` in Ainscow M and West M (eds) `Improving Urban Schools’ (2006) OU Press Eaude, T. (2011) Thinking through pedagogy for Primary and early Years. Learning Matters: Exeter. Evangelou, M., Taggart, B., Sylva, K., Sammons, P. And Sirjaj-Blatchford, I. (2008) What makes a successful transitionformprimarytosecondary school? Department for Children, Schools and Families. London. Every Child Matters – leading schools to promote social inclusion: a study of practice. (2007) National College for School Leadership. NCSL publications. Flammer, A., & Alsaker, F. D. (2006). Adolescents in school. In S. Jackson & L. Goossens (Eds.), Handbook of adolescent development: European perspectives (pp. 223-245). Hove, UK: Psychology Press. Flood M. Suicide. In: Flood M, Kegan Gardiner J, Pease B, Pringle K, editors. International encyclopaedia of men and masculinities. London: Routledge, 2007. Foster V, Kimmel M & Skelton C (2009): What About the Boys? An overview of the debates in Martino W, Kehler M & Weaver-Hightower M (eds): The Problem with Boys’ Education: beyond the backlash, Routledge, London Furlong, A. (2009) . In Furlong, A. (Ed) Handbook of Youth and Young Adulthood. Routledge: London Gallagher, A.M. (1997). Educational achievement and gender: A review of research evidence on the apparent underachievement of boys. DENI Research Report No. 6. Bangor: DENI. Gallagher, A.M. (1998): Gender and achievement: evidence from Northern Ireland, International Journal of Inclusive Education, 2:2, 155-167 Galway, C. Speech to Youthnet annual conference 2010. Geldard and Geldard, 2010, p19 - 28). Counselling Adolescents: The Proactive Approach for Young People (3rd Ed) Sage: London Smith, M. (2009) Social Pedagogy. Infed. Available at; www.infed.org/biblio/b-socped Accessed 6/2/2012 Goodman R (1997) "The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire: A Research Note." Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 38, 581-586. Goodman, R,. Meltzer, H., and bailey, V. (1998) The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire: a pilot study on the validity of the self-report version. European Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Vol. 7 p 125-130. Goodman A & Gregg P. (2010): Poorer Children’s Educational Attainment: how important are attitudes and behaviour? Joseph Rowntree Foundation, York. Gray, A.M, & Horgan, G (2009): Figuring it Out: Looking Behind the Social Statistics in Northern Ireland, ARK Northern Ireland. Harland, K (1997). Young men talking - Voices from Belfast. London: Youth Action (NI) and Working with Men Publishers. Harland, K (2000). Men and masculinity: an ethnographic study in to the construction of masculine identities in inner city Belfast. Unpublished Doctoral thesis. University of Ulster. Harland, K. and Morgan, S. (2003), “Youth work with Young Men in Northern Ireland: An advocacy approach”. Youth and Policy, Vol. 81. Harland, K,. Morgan, T. and Muldoon, O. (2005) The Nature of Youth Work in Northern Ireland: Purpose, Contribution and Challenges. University of Ulster and Queens University Belfast Publications. Harland, K., Harvey, C., McCready, S,. Morgan, T. (2005) Their Weight in Gold: An investigation into the careers of Community Youth Work Graduates 1972 – 2001. Youth & Policy: Journal of Critical Analysis Vol. 86. Harland, K,. Beattie, K. and McCready, S. (Dec, 2005) Young Men and the Squeeze of Masculinity. Centre for Young Men’s Studies. Occasional Paper. No 1. University of Ulster Publication. Harland, K. and Morgan. T. (2006) The Nature of Youth Work in Northern Ireland: Emerging themes and challenges. Journal of Irish Youth Issues Vol. 1 No 1. (Autumn) Harland, K. (2008) Masculinity and Mental Health. Available at http://www.healthpromotionagency.org.uk/Resources/mental/pdfs/masculinity%20and%20mental%20health.pdf. Health Promotion Agency NI Accessed 30/09/08. Harland, K and McCready, S. (2010) Finding Positive Responses to Young Men’s Experiences of Violence and Personal Safety. Queen’s University, Shared Spaces. Community Relations Council publications. Issue 10. Harland, K. (2011) Violent Youth Culture in Northern Ireland: Young Men, Violence and the Challenges of Peacebuilding. Youth & Society. Volume 43 Issue 2 June 2011 pp. 422 - 430. Harris, b. (2011) Working with Distressed Young People. Learning Matters: Exeter Heller, N.R. and Rozas, L. W. (2010) Anxiety Conditions. In Heller, N.R. and Gitterman, A. (Eds) Mental health and Social problems: A Social Work perspective. Routledge: New York. p 356 – 380. Horgan, G (2007) The impact of poverty on young children’s experience of school. Joseph Rowntree Foundation and Save the Children. Horgan, G. (2011) The Making of an Outsider: Growing Up in poverty in Northern Ireland. Youth & Society 43(2) 453– 467 JCQ (2011) Applied GCSE and Entry level Results (Summer). Jeffs, T. and Smith, M. (2010) (Eds) Youth Work Practice. London: Palgrave McMillan Johnston, J. and Rooney, E. (1987) Gender differences in education. In R.J. Cormack, R.L. Miller and Julkunen, I. (2009) Youth Unemployment and marginalisation. In Furlong, A. (Ed) Handbook of Youth and Young Adulthood. Routledge: London Katz A, Buchanan A, McCoy A. Young men speak out. Ewell, Surrey: Samaritans, 1999. Keddie, A. (2006) Pedagogies and critical reflection: key understandings for transformative gender justice. Gender and Education. Vol 18, No 1.( P99-114). Kimmel, M., Hearn, J. and Connell, R.W. (2005) Handbook of Studies on Men & Masculinities. London: Sage. Labour Force Survey (2011) Lloyd (2009): Boys’ Underachievement. Centre for Young Men’s Studies, Ulster University. Lloyd, T. 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    PY - 2012/11/28

    Y1 - 2012/11/28

    N2 - This report presents the findings of a five year longitudinal study (2006-2011) carried out by TheCentre for Young Men’s Studies at the University of Ulster in collaboration with YouthAction Northern Ireland and funded by the Department of Education and the Department of Justice.The research was initiated in response to concerns about boys’ educational underachievement and wider concerns about boys’ health and well-being. The longitudinal aspect of the study makes a significant contribution to how we can better understand and appreciate reasons why certain boys may struggle at school and therefore not achieve more successful educational outcomes.

    AB - This report presents the findings of a five year longitudinal study (2006-2011) carried out by TheCentre for Young Men’s Studies at the University of Ulster in collaboration with YouthAction Northern Ireland and funded by the Department of Education and the Department of Justice.The research was initiated in response to concerns about boys’ educational underachievement and wider concerns about boys’ health and well-being. The longitudinal aspect of the study makes a significant contribution to how we can better understand and appreciate reasons why certain boys may struggle at school and therefore not achieve more successful educational outcomes.

    KW - Boys educational underachievement

    KW - barriers to learning

    KW - masculinity

    KW - violence

    KW - youth work methodologies

    KW - relationships

    M3 - Commissioned report

    BT - Taking Boys Seriously: A Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Male School-Life Experiences in Northern Ireland.

    ER -