Background: Dietary reference values for folate intake vary widely across Europe. Methods: MEDLINE and Embase through November 2016 were searched for data on the association between folate intake and biomarkers (serum/plasma folate, red blood cell [RBC] folate, plasma homocysteine) from observational studies in healthy adults and elderly. The regression coefficient of biomarkers on intake (β) was extracted from each study, and the overall and stratified pooled β and SE (β) were obtained by random effects meta-analysis on a double log scale. These dose-response estimates may be used to derive folate intake reference values. Results: For every doubling in folate intake, the changes in serum/plasma folate, RBC folate and plasma homocysteine were +22, +21, and –16% respectively. The overall pooled regression coefficients were β = 0.29 (95% CI 0.21–0.37) for serum/plasma folate (26 estimates from 17 studies), β = 0.28 (95% CI 0.21–0.36) for RBC (13 estimates from 11 studies), and β = –0.21 (95% CI –0.31 to –0.11) for plasma homocysteine (10 estimates from 6 studies). Conclusion: These estimates along with those from randomized controlled trials can be used for underpinning dietary recommendations for folate in adults and elderly.
Novakovic, R., Geelen, A., Ristic-Medic, D., Nikolic, M., Souverein, O. W., McNulty, H., ... van't Veer, P. (2018). Systematic Review of Observational Studies with Dose-Response Meta-Analysis between Folate Intake and Status Biomarkers in Adults and the Elderly. Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism, 73(1), 30. https://doi.org/10.1159/000490003