Swelling and delamination of multi-electrode sensor arrays studied by variable-pressure scanning electron microscopy

P Lemoine, P Mailley, M Hyland, JAD McLaughlin, ET McAdams, JMCC Anderson, A Lynch, D Diamond, M Leader

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Multi-electrode sensor arrays are made of soft and wet materials not easily examined by most microscopic techniques. in this paper, we have demonstrated that low-vacuum scanning electron microscopy (LVSEM) and energy-dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX) are adequate for studying the hydration, swelling, and possible delamination of multi-electrode sensor arrays. We found that the LVSEM environment had no detectable effect on the morphology of Na+, K+, and Ca++ sensors, and EDX analysis indicated that all three membranes have similar compositions. However, once hydrated, the sensors exhibited different behaviors. The K+ and Ca++ sensors swelled more than the Na+ sensor did. This swelling is due principally to water sorption in the membrane. We believe that the larger thickness of the K+ and Ca++ membrane is partly responsible for the observed swelling effect. A simple Griffith analysis of the interface rupture confirms the experimental evidence that these thicker membranes also are more prone to delamination failure. (C) 2000 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)313-321
JournalJournal of Biomedical Materials Research
Volume50
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2000

Keywords

  • multi-electrode sensor array
  • low-vacuum SEM
  • swelling
  • delamination
  • peel stresses

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