Sustainability of biohydrogen as fuel: Present scenario and future perspective

Dheeraj Rathore, Anoop Singh, Divakar Dahiya, Poonam Singh - Nee Nigam

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Depleting fuel resources and global warming potential of fossil fuel raise a concern over its sustainability. Among the four strategically important alternative fuel sources viz. biofuels, hydrogen (H2), natural gas and syngas (synthesis gas), hydrogen emerges as a superior fuel. For the reasons, that hydrogen gas is renewable, free from greenhouse gases emission and liberates large amount of energy per unit weight during combustion, and it also gets converted into electricity by fuel cell easily. The utilization of biohydrogen as an energy source could be able to provide environmental safety as it does not liberate GHGs during combustion. The biohydrogen production could be economical with the latest developments and society will be benefitted with pollution control, which is added into environment during the combustion of other energy sources. The present review discusses various aspects with conclusions that considering social, economic and environmental benefits, biohydrogen energy could be considered as a sustainable source of future clean energy.
LanguageEnglish
Pages1-19
Number of pages19
JournalAIMS Energy
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

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Sustainable development
Hydrogen
Synthesis gas
Pollution control
Alternative fuels
Global warming
Biofuels
Gas emissions
Fossil fuels
Greenhouse gases
Fuel cells
Natural gas
Electricity
Economics
Gases

Keywords

  • Biofuel
  • Energy
  • Fermentation
  • Hydrogen
  • Sustainability

Cite this

Rathore, Dheeraj ; Singh, Anoop ; Dahiya, Divakar ; Singh - Nee Nigam, Poonam. / Sustainability of biohydrogen as fuel: Present scenario and future perspective. In: AIMS Energy. 2019 ; Vol. 7, No. 1. pp. 1-19.
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Sustainability of biohydrogen as fuel: Present scenario and future perspective. / Rathore, Dheeraj ; Singh, Anoop; Dahiya, Divakar; Singh - Nee Nigam, Poonam.

In: AIMS Energy, Vol. 7, No. 1, 01.01.2019, p. 1-19.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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T1 - Sustainability of biohydrogen as fuel: Present scenario and future perspective

AU - Rathore, Dheeraj

AU - Singh, Anoop

AU - Dahiya, Divakar

AU - Singh - Nee Nigam, Poonam

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Depleting fuel resources and global warming potential of fossil fuel raise a concern over its sustainability. Among the four strategically important alternative fuel sources viz. biofuels, hydrogen (H2), natural gas and syngas (synthesis gas), hydrogen emerges as a superior fuel. For the reasons, that hydrogen gas is renewable, free from greenhouse gases emission and liberates large amount of energy per unit weight during combustion, and it also gets converted into electricity by fuel cell easily. The utilization of biohydrogen as an energy source could be able to provide environmental safety as it does not liberate GHGs during combustion. The biohydrogen production could be economical with the latest developments and society will be benefitted with pollution control, which is added into environment during the combustion of other energy sources. The present review discusses various aspects with conclusions that considering social, economic and environmental benefits, biohydrogen energy could be considered as a sustainable source of future clean energy.

AB - Depleting fuel resources and global warming potential of fossil fuel raise a concern over its sustainability. Among the four strategically important alternative fuel sources viz. biofuels, hydrogen (H2), natural gas and syngas (synthesis gas), hydrogen emerges as a superior fuel. For the reasons, that hydrogen gas is renewable, free from greenhouse gases emission and liberates large amount of energy per unit weight during combustion, and it also gets converted into electricity by fuel cell easily. The utilization of biohydrogen as an energy source could be able to provide environmental safety as it does not liberate GHGs during combustion. The biohydrogen production could be economical with the latest developments and society will be benefitted with pollution control, which is added into environment during the combustion of other energy sources. The present review discusses various aspects with conclusions that considering social, economic and environmental benefits, biohydrogen energy could be considered as a sustainable source of future clean energy.

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KW - Energy

KW - Fermentation

KW - Hydrogen

KW - Sustainability

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