Surfactant-assisted route to synthesize well-aligned ZnO nanorod arrays on sol-gel-derived ZnO thin films

Apurba Dev, Subhendu K. Panda, Soumitra Kar, Supriya Chakrabarti, Subhadra Chaudhuri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Anisotropic growth of ZnO nanorod arrays on ZnO thin films was achieved at a temperature of 90° C by a surfactant-assisted soft chemical approach with control over size and orientation. ZnO thin films with c-axis preferred orientation had been achieved by the sol-gel technique. Lengths, diameters, and the degree of alignment of the ZnO nanorods were controlled by changing the experimental parameters. It was observed that the surfactant was essential to restrict the lateral growth of the nanorods, whereas the pH level of the reaction medium controlled the length of the nanorods. On the other hand, the orientation of the nanorods depended on the crystalline orientation of the film as well as the pH of the reaction medium. Room-temperature photoluminescence studies revealed that the ZnO nanorods with the best alignment exhibited the best emission property. The ZnO nanorods exhibited a strong UV emission peak at ∼3.22 eV, ascribed to the band-edge emission. The field emission studies of the well-aligned nanorod arrays exhibited a low turn-on field of 1.7 V/μm to get an emission current density of 0.1 μA/cm2.

LanguageEnglish
Pages14266-14272
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Volume110
Issue number29
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jul 2006

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Nanorods
Surface-Active Agents
nanorods
Sol-gels
Surface active agents
surfactants
routes
gels
Thin films
thin films
Crystal orientation
alignment
Field emission
field emission
Photoluminescence
Current density
current density
Crystalline materials
photoluminescence
Temperature

Cite this

Dev, Apurba ; Panda, Subhendu K. ; Kar, Soumitra ; Chakrabarti, Supriya ; Chaudhuri, Subhadra. / Surfactant-assisted route to synthesize well-aligned ZnO nanorod arrays on sol-gel-derived ZnO thin films. In: Journal of Physical Chemistry B. 2006 ; Vol. 110, No. 29. pp. 14266-14272.
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Surfactant-assisted route to synthesize well-aligned ZnO nanorod arrays on sol-gel-derived ZnO thin films. / Dev, Apurba; Panda, Subhendu K.; Kar, Soumitra; Chakrabarti, Supriya; Chaudhuri, Subhadra.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 110, No. 29, 27.07.2006, p. 14266-14272.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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