Surface oxidation of a Melinex 800 PET polymer material modified by an atmospheric dielectric barrier discharge studied using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and contact angle measurement

N-Y Cui, DJ Upadhyay, CA Anderson, BJ Meenan

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32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Surface properties of a Melinex 800 PET polymer material modified by an atmospheric-pressure air dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) have been studied using X-ray photoelectron microscopy (XPS) and contact angle measurement. The results show that the material surface treated by the DBD was modified significantly in chemical composition, with the highly oxidised carbon species increasing as the surface processing proceeds. The surface hydrophilicity was dramatically improved after the treatment, with the surface contact angle reduced from 81.8° for the as-supplied sample to lower than 50° after treatment. Post-treatment recovery effect is found after the treated samples were stored in air for a long period of time, with the ultimate contact angles, as measured, being stabilised in the range 58–69° after the storage, varying with the DBD-treatment power density. A great amount of the C–O type bonding formed during the DBD treatment was found to be converted into the CO type during post-treatment storage. A possible mechanism for this bond conversion has been suggested.
LanguageEnglish
Pages3865-3871
JournalApplied Surface Science
Volume253
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2007

Fingerprint

Polyethylene Terephthalates
Angle measurement
Discharge (fluid mechanics)
Contact angle
X ray photoelectron spectroscopy
Oxidation
Polymers
Hydrophilicity
Carbon Monoxide
Photoelectrons
Air
Atmospheric pressure
Surface properties
Microscopic examination
Carbon
Recovery
X rays
Lavsan
Processing
Chemical analysis

Keywords

  • PET
  • X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy
  • Dielectric barrier discharge
  • Surface modification

Cite this

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title = "Surface oxidation of a Melinex 800 PET polymer material modified by an atmospheric dielectric barrier discharge studied using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and contact angle measurement",
abstract = "Surface properties of a Melinex 800 PET polymer material modified by an atmospheric-pressure air dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) have been studied using X-ray photoelectron microscopy (XPS) and contact angle measurement. The results show that the material surface treated by the DBD was modified significantly in chemical composition, with the highly oxidised carbon species increasing as the surface processing proceeds. The surface hydrophilicity was dramatically improved after the treatment, with the surface contact angle reduced from 81.8° for the as-supplied sample to lower than 50° after treatment. Post-treatment recovery effect is found after the treated samples were stored in air for a long period of time, with the ultimate contact angles, as measured, being stabilised in the range 58–69° after the storage, varying with the DBD-treatment power density. A great amount of the C–O type bonding formed during the DBD treatment was found to be converted into the CO type during post-treatment storage. A possible mechanism for this bond conversion has been suggested.",
keywords = "PET, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Dielectric barrier discharge, Surface modification",
author = "N-Y Cui and DJ Upadhyay and CA Anderson and BJ Meenan",
note = "Reference text: [1] X. Xu, Thin Solid Films 390 (2001), pp. 237–242. Article | PDF (191 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (73) [2] O. Goosens, E. Dekempeneer, D. Vangeneugden, R. van der Leest and C. Leys, Surf. Coat. Technol. 142–144 (2001), pp. 474–481. [3] A. Bogaerts, E. Neyts, R. Gimbals and J. van der Mullen, Spectrochim. Acta B 57 (2002), pp. 609–658. Article | PDF (1207 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (121) [4] N.-Y. Cui and N.M.D. Brown, Appl. Surf. Sci. 189 (2002), pp. 31–38. Article | PDF (202 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (90) [5] D.J. Upadhyay, N.-Y. Cui, C.A. Anderson and N.M.D. Brown, Appl. Surf. Sci. 229 (2004), pp. 352–364. Article | PDF (253 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (24) [6] D.J. Upadhyay, N.-Y. Cui, C.A. Anderson and N.M.D. Brown, Colloid. Surf. A: Physicochem. Eng. Aspects 248 (2004), pp. 47–56. Article | PDF (222 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (16) [7] N.-Y. Cui, D.J. Upadhyay, C.A. Anderson and N.M.D. Brown, Surf. Coat. Technol. 192 (2005), pp. 94–100. Article | PDF (271 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (8) [8] N.M.D. Brown, N.-Y. Cui and A. McKinley, Appl. Surf. Sci. 134 (1998), pp. 11–21. Article | PDF (228 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (18) [9] C. Liu, Y. Jin, Z. Zhu, Y. Sun, M. Hou, Z. Wang, Y. Wang, C. Zhang, X. Chen, J. Liu and B. Li, Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. B 169 (2000), pp. 72–77. Article | PDF (190 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (9) [10] R. Cueff, G. Baud, M. Benmalek, J.P. Besse, J.R. Butruille and M. Jacquet, Appl. Surf. Sci. 115 (1997), pp. 292–298. Article | PDF (618 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (35) [11] S.-C. Park, S.-K. Koh and K.-D. Pae, Polym. Eng. Sci. 38 (1998), pp. 1185–1192. Full Text via CrossRef | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (16) [12] D.J. Upadhyay, N.-Y. Cui, C.A. Anderson and N.M.D. Brown, Polym. Degrad. Stabil. 87 (2005), pp. 33–41. Article | PDF (357 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (4) [13] S. Han, S.K. Koh and K.H. Yoon, J. Electrochem. Soc. 146 (1999), pp. 4327–4333. Full Text via CrossRef | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (17) [14] Z. Falkenstein and J.J. Coogan, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 30 (1997), pp. 817–825. Full Text via CrossRef | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (113) [15] J. Yip, K. Chan, K.M. Sin and K.S. Lau, Appl. Surf. Sci. 205 (2003), pp. 151–159. Article | PDF (417 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (13) [16] D. Praschak, T. Bahners and E. Schollmeyer, Appl. Phys. A 66 (1998), pp. 69–75. Full Text via CrossRef | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (27) [17] C. Liu, Z. Zhu, Y. Jin, Y. Sun, M. Hou, Y. Wang, Z. Wang, X. Chen, J. Liu, C. Zhang and B. Li, Nucl. Technol. 24 (2001), pp. 188–294 (in Chinese).",
year = "2007",
month = "2",
doi = "10.1016/j.apsusc.2006.08.008",
language = "English",
volume = "253",
pages = "3865--3871",
journal = "Applied Surface Science",
issn = "0169-4332",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "8",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Surface oxidation of a Melinex 800 PET polymer material modified by an atmospheric dielectric barrier discharge studied using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and contact angle measurement

AU - Cui, N-Y

AU - Upadhyay, DJ

AU - Anderson, CA

AU - Meenan, BJ

N1 - Reference text: [1] X. Xu, Thin Solid Films 390 (2001), pp. 237–242. Article | PDF (191 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (73) [2] O. Goosens, E. Dekempeneer, D. Vangeneugden, R. van der Leest and C. Leys, Surf. Coat. Technol. 142–144 (2001), pp. 474–481. [3] A. Bogaerts, E. Neyts, R. Gimbals and J. van der Mullen, Spectrochim. Acta B 57 (2002), pp. 609–658. Article | PDF (1207 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (121) [4] N.-Y. Cui and N.M.D. Brown, Appl. Surf. Sci. 189 (2002), pp. 31–38. Article | PDF (202 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (90) [5] D.J. Upadhyay, N.-Y. Cui, C.A. Anderson and N.M.D. Brown, Appl. Surf. Sci. 229 (2004), pp. 352–364. Article | PDF (253 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (24) [6] D.J. Upadhyay, N.-Y. Cui, C.A. Anderson and N.M.D. Brown, Colloid. Surf. A: Physicochem. Eng. Aspects 248 (2004), pp. 47–56. Article | PDF (222 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (16) [7] N.-Y. Cui, D.J. Upadhyay, C.A. Anderson and N.M.D. Brown, Surf. Coat. Technol. 192 (2005), pp. 94–100. Article | PDF (271 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (8) [8] N.M.D. Brown, N.-Y. Cui and A. McKinley, Appl. Surf. Sci. 134 (1998), pp. 11–21. Article | PDF (228 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (18) [9] C. Liu, Y. Jin, Z. Zhu, Y. Sun, M. Hou, Z. Wang, Y. Wang, C. Zhang, X. Chen, J. Liu and B. Li, Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. B 169 (2000), pp. 72–77. Article | PDF (190 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (9) [10] R. Cueff, G. Baud, M. Benmalek, J.P. Besse, J.R. Butruille and M. Jacquet, Appl. Surf. Sci. 115 (1997), pp. 292–298. Article | PDF (618 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (35) [11] S.-C. Park, S.-K. Koh and K.-D. Pae, Polym. Eng. Sci. 38 (1998), pp. 1185–1192. Full Text via CrossRef | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (16) [12] D.J. Upadhyay, N.-Y. Cui, C.A. Anderson and N.M.D. Brown, Polym. Degrad. Stabil. 87 (2005), pp. 33–41. Article | PDF (357 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (4) [13] S. Han, S.K. Koh and K.H. Yoon, J. Electrochem. Soc. 146 (1999), pp. 4327–4333. Full Text via CrossRef | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (17) [14] Z. Falkenstein and J.J. Coogan, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 30 (1997), pp. 817–825. Full Text via CrossRef | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (113) [15] J. Yip, K. Chan, K.M. Sin and K.S. Lau, Appl. Surf. Sci. 205 (2003), pp. 151–159. Article | PDF (417 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (13) [16] D. Praschak, T. Bahners and E. Schollmeyer, Appl. Phys. A 66 (1998), pp. 69–75. Full Text via CrossRef | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (27) [17] C. Liu, Z. Zhu, Y. Jin, Y. Sun, M. Hou, Y. Wang, Z. Wang, X. Chen, J. Liu, C. Zhang and B. Li, Nucl. Technol. 24 (2001), pp. 188–294 (in Chinese).

PY - 2007/2

Y1 - 2007/2

N2 - Surface properties of a Melinex 800 PET polymer material modified by an atmospheric-pressure air dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) have been studied using X-ray photoelectron microscopy (XPS) and contact angle measurement. The results show that the material surface treated by the DBD was modified significantly in chemical composition, with the highly oxidised carbon species increasing as the surface processing proceeds. The surface hydrophilicity was dramatically improved after the treatment, with the surface contact angle reduced from 81.8° for the as-supplied sample to lower than 50° after treatment. Post-treatment recovery effect is found after the treated samples were stored in air for a long period of time, with the ultimate contact angles, as measured, being stabilised in the range 58–69° after the storage, varying with the DBD-treatment power density. A great amount of the C–O type bonding formed during the DBD treatment was found to be converted into the CO type during post-treatment storage. A possible mechanism for this bond conversion has been suggested.

AB - Surface properties of a Melinex 800 PET polymer material modified by an atmospheric-pressure air dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) have been studied using X-ray photoelectron microscopy (XPS) and contact angle measurement. The results show that the material surface treated by the DBD was modified significantly in chemical composition, with the highly oxidised carbon species increasing as the surface processing proceeds. The surface hydrophilicity was dramatically improved after the treatment, with the surface contact angle reduced from 81.8° for the as-supplied sample to lower than 50° after treatment. Post-treatment recovery effect is found after the treated samples were stored in air for a long period of time, with the ultimate contact angles, as measured, being stabilised in the range 58–69° after the storage, varying with the DBD-treatment power density. A great amount of the C–O type bonding formed during the DBD treatment was found to be converted into the CO type during post-treatment storage. A possible mechanism for this bond conversion has been suggested.

KW - PET

KW - X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

KW - Dielectric barrier discharge

KW - Surface modification

U2 - 10.1016/j.apsusc.2006.08.008

DO - 10.1016/j.apsusc.2006.08.008

M3 - Article

VL - 253

SP - 3865

EP - 3871

JO - Applied Surface Science

T2 - Applied Surface Science

JF - Applied Surface Science

SN - 0169-4332

IS - 8

ER -