SUICIDAL THOUGHTS AND BEHAVIORS AMONG COLLEGE STUDENTS AND SAME-AGED PEERS: RESULTS FROM THE WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION WORLD MENTAL HEALTH SURVEYS

Philippe Mortier, Randy P. Auerbach, Jordi Alonso, William G. Axinn, Pim Cuijpers, David D. Ebert, Jennifer G. Green, Irving Hwang, Ronald C. Kessler, Howard Liu, Matthew K. Nock, Stephanie Pinder-Amaker, Nancy A. Sampson, Alan M. Zaslavsky, Jibril Abdulmalik, Sergio Aguilar-Axiolar, Ali Al-Hamzawi, Corina Benjet, Koen Demyttenaere, Silvia FlorescuGiovanni De Girolamo, Oye Gureje, Josep Maria Haro, Chiyi Hu, Yueqin Huang, Peter De Jonge, Elie G. Karam, Andrzej Kiejna, Viviane Kovess-Masfety, Sing Lee, John J. McGrath, Siobhan O'Neill, Vladimir Nakov, Beth-Ellen Pennell, Marina Piazza, José Posada-Villa, Charlene Rapsey, Maria Carmen Viana, Miguel Xavier, Ronny Bruffaertes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE: The primary aims are to (1) obtain representative prevalence estimates of suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STB) among college students worldwide and (2) investigate whether STB is related to matriculation to and attrition from college. METHODS: Data from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys were analyzed, which include face-to-face interviews with 5,750 young adults aged 18-22 spanning 21 countries (weighted mean response rate = 71.4%). Standardized STB prevalence estimates were calculated for four well-defined groups of same-aged peers: college students, college attriters (i.e., dropouts), secondary school graduates who never entered college, and secondary school non-graduates. Logistic regression assessed the association between STB and college entrance as well as attrition from college.RESULTS: Twelve-month STB in college students was 1.9%, a rate significantly lower than same-aged peers not in college (3.4%; OR=0.5; p
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
JournalSocial Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Volumen/a
Early online date16 Jan 2018
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 16 Jan 2018

Keywords

  • suicidal thoughts and behaviors
  • young adult
  • college student
  • academic performance
  • epidemiology

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