Substrate effects on the microstructure of hydrogenated amorphous carbon films

I Ahmad, SS Roy, MdA Rahman, TIT Okpalugo, PD Maguire, JAD McLaughlin

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26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this work, plasma enhanced chemical vapour deposition was used to prepare hydrogenated amorphous carbon films (a-C:H) on different substrates over a wide range of thickness. In order to observe clear substrate effect the films were produced under identical growth conditions. Raman and near edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) spectroscopies were employed to probe the chemical bonding of the films. For the films deposited on silicon substrates, the Raman WIG ratio and G-peak positions were constant for most thickness. For metallic and polymeric substrates, these parameters increased with Him thickness, suggesting a change from a sp(3)-bonded hydrogenated structure to a more sp(2) network, NEXAFS results also indicate a higher sp(2) content of a-C:H films grown on metals than silicon. The metals, which are poor carbide precursors, gave carbon films with low adhesion, easily delaminated from the substrate. The delamination can be decreased/eliminated by deposition of a thin (similar to 10 nm) silicon layer on stainless steel substrates prior to a-C:H coatings. Additionally we noted the electrical resistivity decreased with thickness and higher dielectric breakdown strength for a-C:H on silicon substrate. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)937-942
JournalCurrent Applied Physics
Volume9
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2009

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Keywords

  • Diamond-like carbon
  • Chemical vapour deposition
  • Raman spectroscopy
  • Electrical properties

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