Structural response of unprotected and protected slim floors in fire

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Slim floor systems are a latest addition to the existing construction types and are currently being used for various construction purposes. Preference of slim floors over traditional composite floors is due to their ease of construction, when combined with steel decking. Considerable amount experimental work on fire response of slim floors has been conducted since 1980s. Though, these floors offer a better fire resistance, however, fire protection materials includingintumescent coatings are often used in situations where a higher fire resistance is desired. Fire tests have also been conducted to analyse the performance of intumescent coating applied on steel elements as a protection material. This study presents a finite element analysis approach to model the behaviour of unprotected and protected slim floors in fire. Initially, FE analysis has been performed to model the thermo-mechanical behaviour of unprotected slim floorsand results obtained have been verified against the reported test data. In the middle part, thermal behaviour of an intumescent coating, applied on a steel element as a fire protection, has been modelled and verified. The verified models have finally been combined to perform thermo-mechanical analysis for slim floors protected with intumescent coating. Results show that the protected slim floors offer a higher fire resistance as the temperature of the steel section remains within 400°C even after 60-minute standard fire exposure. Lower temperatures in steel result in lesser reductions of strength and stiffness, hence, the protected slim floors undergo lesser deflections and offer higher fire resistance.
LanguageEnglish
Pages44-54
JournalJournal of Constructional Steel Research
Volume142
Early online date14 Dec 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2018

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Fires
Steel
Fire resistance
Coatings
Fire protection
Stiffness
Finite element method
Temperature
Composite materials

Keywords

  • Slim floors
  • Finite Element modelling
  • Intumescent coating
  • Fire Resistance.

Cite this

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title = "Structural response of unprotected and protected slim floors in fire",
abstract = "Slim floor systems are a latest addition to the existing construction types and are currently being used for various construction purposes. Preference of slim floors over traditional composite floors is due to their ease of construction, when combined with steel decking. Considerable amount experimental work on fire response of slim floors has been conducted since 1980s. Though, these floors offer a better fire resistance, however, fire protection materials includingintumescent coatings are often used in situations where a higher fire resistance is desired. Fire tests have also been conducted to analyse the performance of intumescent coating applied on steel elements as a protection material. This study presents a finite element analysis approach to model the behaviour of unprotected and protected slim floors in fire. Initially, FE analysis has been performed to model the thermo-mechanical behaviour of unprotected slim floorsand results obtained have been verified against the reported test data. In the middle part, thermal behaviour of an intumescent coating, applied on a steel element as a fire protection, has been modelled and verified. The verified models have finally been combined to perform thermo-mechanical analysis for slim floors protected with intumescent coating. Results show that the protected slim floors offer a higher fire resistance as the temperature of the steel section remains within 400°C even after 60-minute standard fire exposure. Lower temperatures in steel result in lesser reductions of strength and stiffness, hence, the protected slim floors undergo lesser deflections and offer higher fire resistance.",
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author = "Naveed Alam and Ali Nadjai and Faris Ali and Walid Nadjai",
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Structural response of unprotected and protected slim floors in fire. / Alam, Naveed; Nadjai, Ali; Ali, Faris; Nadjai, Walid.

Vol. 142, 03.2018, p. 44-54.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

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AU - Alam, Naveed

AU - Nadjai, Ali

AU - Ali, Faris

AU - Nadjai, Walid

PY - 2018/3

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AB - Slim floor systems are a latest addition to the existing construction types and are currently being used for various construction purposes. Preference of slim floors over traditional composite floors is due to their ease of construction, when combined with steel decking. Considerable amount experimental work on fire response of slim floors has been conducted since 1980s. Though, these floors offer a better fire resistance, however, fire protection materials includingintumescent coatings are often used in situations where a higher fire resistance is desired. Fire tests have also been conducted to analyse the performance of intumescent coating applied on steel elements as a protection material. This study presents a finite element analysis approach to model the behaviour of unprotected and protected slim floors in fire. Initially, FE analysis has been performed to model the thermo-mechanical behaviour of unprotected slim floorsand results obtained have been verified against the reported test data. In the middle part, thermal behaviour of an intumescent coating, applied on a steel element as a fire protection, has been modelled and verified. The verified models have finally been combined to perform thermo-mechanical analysis for slim floors protected with intumescent coating. Results show that the protected slim floors offer a higher fire resistance as the temperature of the steel section remains within 400°C even after 60-minute standard fire exposure. Lower temperatures in steel result in lesser reductions of strength and stiffness, hence, the protected slim floors undergo lesser deflections and offer higher fire resistance.

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