Stress coupling between earthquakes in northwest Turkey and the north Aegean Sea

SS Nalbant, A Hubert, GCP King

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    199 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We have investigated the Coulomb stress interactions of 29 earthquakes (M-s greater than or equal to 6.0) that have occurred in the region of northwest Turkey and north Aegean Sea since 1912. Of these events, 23 may be related to earlier events, and 16 are clearly related to earlier events. All events after 1967 are related to previous events. Events in the early part of our time interval that show no correlation could be related to historical events as yet unidentified. In some cases, faults that have received a stress reduction from earlier events are prepared for an event by an earthquake occurring a few years before that creates a local Coulomb stress rise. Thus regions of Coulomb stress shadow can become regions where a damaging earthquake may occur. The relation between smaller events and the Coulomb stress distribution is less clear, but may be related to poor data quality and practical limitations of our modeling technique. Nonetheless, there are 4 times as many events per unit area in regions of enhanced stress than where stress is reduced. We discuss the contemporary distribution of Coulomb stress and argue that it is possible to identify the likely locations of future damaging earthquakes including identifying the most likely candidate faults.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)24469-24486
    JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth
    Volume103
    Issue numberB10
    Publication statusPublished - 1998

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