Strength knock-down assessment of porosity in composites: modelling, characterising and specimen manufacture

A McMillan, E Archer, AT McIlhagger, G Lelong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Porosity and inclusion of foreign material is known to reduce the strength of materials, and this paper addresses the particular problem of strength knock-down assessment due to porosity in composite materials. Porosity is often measured in terms of percentage of voids per unit volume of a component, because this can be related directly to ultra-sound absorption. Nevertheless, this is a poor indicator of actual strength knock-down, as it provides little information about void size, shape, orientation and whether they are evenly distributed or are clustered. Characterisation of void clustering enables a link between a cluster characteristic and the strength knock-down. Laboratory based testing achieves controlled porosity in specimens by introducing pin-holes into the RTM in-flow pipework, which entrains voids into the body of the preform within mould tooling. Specimens are manufactured to create resin regions bounded by a fibre reinforced picture frame, to allow for easy load application. Strength knock-downs from test are related to the theoretical expectations.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Volume382
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Aug 2012

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Strength knock-down assessment of porosity in composites: modelling, characterising and specimen manufacture'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this