Strategies to prevent injury in adolescent sport: a systematic review.

Liz Abernethy, C Bleakley

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    80 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This systematic review set out to identify randomised controlled trials and controlled intervention studies that evaluated the effectiveness of preventive strategies in adolescent sport and to draw conclusions on the strength of the evidence. A literature search in seven databases (Medline, SportDiscus, EMBASE, CINAHL, PEDro, Cochrane Review and DARE) was carried out using four keywords: adolescent, sport, injury and prevention (expanded to capture any relevant literature). Assessment of 154 papers found 12 studies eligible for inclusion. It can be concluded that injury prevention strategies that focus on preseason conditioning, functional training, education, balance and sport-specific skills, which should be continued throughout the sporting season, are effective. The evidence for the effectiveness of protective equipment in injury prevention is inconclusive and requires further assessment.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)627-38
    JournalBritish Journal of Sports Medicine
    Volume41
    Issue number10
    Publication statusPublished - 2007

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