State Crime by Proxy: Australia and the Bougainville Conflict

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12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

For most of the 1990s, the island of Bougainville was the subject of a counterinsurgency campaign administered by the Papua New Guinea state. The denial of humanitarian aid, extra-judicial killings and forced displacement were just some of the egregious tactics employed. Papua New Guinea’s main international benefactor, Australia, publicly remained aloof from the hostilities. However, in reality, the Australian state was covertly sponsoring Papua New Guinea’s counterinsurgency operations. Drawing on interviews with senior Australian and Papua New Guinea state officials, this paper will offer the first scholarly account of Australia’s proxy war. Employing a theoretical framework influenced by classical Marxism and Foucault, particular attention will be paid to the relationships, calculations and strategies that informed Australia’s criminogenic response.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)705-723
JournalBritish Journal of Criminology
Volume52
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 May 2012

Keywords

  • state crime
  • state terrorism
  • Australia
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Bougainville

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