Spatial Interrelationships of Quality of Life with Land Use/Land Cover, Demography and Urbanization

Saad Saleem Bhatti, Nitin Kumar Tripathi, Masahiko Nagai, Vilas Nitivattananon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)
190 Downloads (Pure)


The quality of life (QOL) is a measure of social wellbeing and life satisfaction of individuals in an area. Measuring its spatial dynamics is of great significance as it can assist the policy makers and practitioners in improving the balance between urbanization and living environment. This study proposes an approach to spatially map and examine the relationships between QOL, land use/land cover (LULC) and population density in an urban environment. The city of Lahore, Pakistan was selected as the case study area. The QOL was evaluated through the data related to physical health, psychological, social relationships, environment (natural and built), economic condition and development, and access to facilities and services. The weights/relative importance of each QOL domain was determined through the analytic hierarchy process by processing the data collected from local field experts. Overall QOL was computed by applying the domain weights to the data; spatial mapping of QOL domains and overall QOL was conducted afterwards. The spatial dynamics of QOL were examined, and its interrelationships with LULC and population density were analyzed. The relationship between these three variables turned out to be spatially dynamic. The proposed approach assists the spatial mapping and analyses of QOL, LULC and population, and by examining the spatial dynamics of these variables, contributes to devising appropriate land management and QOL improvement strategies and policies in the metropolitan regions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1193-1216
Number of pages24
JournalSocial Indicators Research
Issue number3
Early online date18 Apr 2016
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 1 Jul 2017


  • Analytic hierarchy process
  • Correlation
  • Lahore
  • Land use/land cover
  • Population
  • Urban quality of life


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