Solid state fermentation for the production of industrial enzymes

A Pandey, P Selvakumar, CR Soccol, Poonam Singh - Nee Nigam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

733 Citations (Scopus)


Enzymes are among the most important products. obtained for human needs through microbial sources. A large number of industrial processes in the areas of industrial, environmental and food biotechnology utilize enzymes at some stage or the other. Current developments in biotechnology are yielding new applications for enzymes. Solid state fermentation (SSF) holds tremendous potential for the production of enzymes. Tt can be of special interest in those processes where the crude fermented products may be used directly as enzyme sources. This review focuses on the production of various industrial enzymes by SSF processes. Following a brief discussion of the micro-organisms and the substrates used in SSF systems, and aspects of the design of fermenter and the factors affecting production of enzymes, an illustrative survey is presented on various individual groups of enzymes such as cellulolytic, pectinolytic, ligninolytic, amylolytic and lipolytic enzymes, etc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)149-162
JournalCurrent Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - Jul 1999


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