Solar photocatalytic disinfection of water using titanium dioxide graphene composites

Pilar Fernandez-Ibanez, M.I. Polo-López, S. Malato, S. Wadhwa, Jeremy Hamilton, PSM Dunlop, R. D’Sa, E. Magee, K. O’Shea, D.D. Dionysiou, John A. Byrne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

83 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Interest has grown in the modification of titanium dioxide with graphene to improve the photocatalyticbehaviour. In this work, titanium dioxide–reduced graphene oxide (TiO2–RGO) composites were synthesisedby the photocatalytic reduction of exfoliated graphene oxide (GO) by TiO2 (Evonik P25) under UVirradiation in the presence of methanol as a hole acceptor. The composite materials were characterisedusing high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy(XPS) and Raman spectroscopy. Raman and XPS analysis provided evidence that GO was converted toRGO by photocatalytic reduction. The TiO2–RGO composites were compared to TiO2 in suspension reactorsfor the disinfection of water contaminated with Escherichia coli and Fusarium solani spores under realsunlight. Very rapid water disinfection was observed with both E. coli and F. solani spores. An enhancementin the rate of inactivation of E. coli was observed with the TiO2–RGO composite compared to P25alone. The rate of inactivation of F. solani spores was similar for both the TiO2–RGO and P25. When themajor part of the solar UVA was cut-off (k > 380 nm) using a methacrylate screen, there was a markedincrease in the time required for inactivation of E. coli with P25 but no change in the inactivation ratefor the TiO2–RGO. There is evidence of singlet oxygen production with visible light excitation of theTiO2–RGO composites which would lead to E. coli inactivation.
LanguageEnglish
Pages36-44
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume261
Early online date3 Jul 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2015

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Graphite
Disinfection
disinfection
Titanium dioxide
Graphene
Escherichia coli
Water
Oxides
Composite materials
spore
oxide
X-ray spectroscopy
water
X ray photoelectron spectroscopy
Singlet Oxygen
Methacrylates
Raman spectroscopy
High resolution transmission electron microscopy
Methanol
methanol

Keywords

  • Photocatalysis
  • Water disinfection
  • Titanium dioxide
  • Graphene
  • Singlet oxygen
  • Solar

Cite this

Fernandez-Ibanez, Pilar ; Polo-López, M.I. ; Malato, S. ; Wadhwa, S. ; Hamilton, Jeremy ; Dunlop, PSM ; D’Sa, R. ; Magee, E. ; O’Shea, K. ; Dionysiou, D.D. ; Byrne, John A. / Solar photocatalytic disinfection of water using titanium dioxide graphene composites. In: Chemical Engineering Journal. 2015 ; Vol. 261. pp. 36-44.
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Solar photocatalytic disinfection of water using titanium dioxide graphene composites. / Fernandez-Ibanez, Pilar; Polo-López, M.I.; Malato, S.; Wadhwa, S.; Hamilton, Jeremy; Dunlop, PSM; D’Sa, R.; Magee, E.; O’Shea, K.; Dionysiou, D.D.; Byrne, John A.

In: Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 261, 01.02.2015, p. 36-44.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Solar photocatalytic disinfection of water using titanium dioxide graphene composites

AU - Fernandez-Ibanez, Pilar

AU - Polo-López, M.I.

AU - Malato, S.

AU - Wadhwa, S.

AU - Hamilton, Jeremy

AU - Dunlop, PSM

AU - D’Sa, R.

AU - Magee, E.

AU - O’Shea, K.

AU - Dionysiou, D.D.

AU - Byrne, John A.

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N2 - Interest has grown in the modification of titanium dioxide with graphene to improve the photocatalyticbehaviour. In this work, titanium dioxide–reduced graphene oxide (TiO2–RGO) composites were synthesisedby the photocatalytic reduction of exfoliated graphene oxide (GO) by TiO2 (Evonik P25) under UVirradiation in the presence of methanol as a hole acceptor. The composite materials were characterisedusing high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy(XPS) and Raman spectroscopy. Raman and XPS analysis provided evidence that GO was converted toRGO by photocatalytic reduction. The TiO2–RGO composites were compared to TiO2 in suspension reactorsfor the disinfection of water contaminated with Escherichia coli and Fusarium solani spores under realsunlight. Very rapid water disinfection was observed with both E. coli and F. solani spores. An enhancementin the rate of inactivation of E. coli was observed with the TiO2–RGO composite compared to P25alone. The rate of inactivation of F. solani spores was similar for both the TiO2–RGO and P25. When themajor part of the solar UVA was cut-off (k > 380 nm) using a methacrylate screen, there was a markedincrease in the time required for inactivation of E. coli with P25 but no change in the inactivation ratefor the TiO2–RGO. There is evidence of singlet oxygen production with visible light excitation of theTiO2–RGO composites which would lead to E. coli inactivation.

AB - Interest has grown in the modification of titanium dioxide with graphene to improve the photocatalyticbehaviour. In this work, titanium dioxide–reduced graphene oxide (TiO2–RGO) composites were synthesisedby the photocatalytic reduction of exfoliated graphene oxide (GO) by TiO2 (Evonik P25) under UVirradiation in the presence of methanol as a hole acceptor. The composite materials were characterisedusing high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy(XPS) and Raman spectroscopy. Raman and XPS analysis provided evidence that GO was converted toRGO by photocatalytic reduction. The TiO2–RGO composites were compared to TiO2 in suspension reactorsfor the disinfection of water contaminated with Escherichia coli and Fusarium solani spores under realsunlight. Very rapid water disinfection was observed with both E. coli and F. solani spores. An enhancementin the rate of inactivation of E. coli was observed with the TiO2–RGO composite compared to P25alone. The rate of inactivation of F. solani spores was similar for both the TiO2–RGO and P25. When themajor part of the solar UVA was cut-off (k > 380 nm) using a methacrylate screen, there was a markedincrease in the time required for inactivation of E. coli with P25 but no change in the inactivation ratefor the TiO2–RGO. There is evidence of singlet oxygen production with visible light excitation of theTiO2–RGO composites which would lead to E. coli inactivation.

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KW - Titanium dioxide

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KW - Singlet oxygen

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